13: Spices. The only information on organisms attacking C. sativum comes from cultivated crops. Show Flowering is protandrous and starts in the primary umbel, about 50-90 days after sowing. Seedling with epigeal germination; taproot thin with many lateral roots; hypocotyl up to 2.5 cm long; cotyledons opposite, oblanceolate, up to 3 cm x 4 mm, pale green. the leaves are compound (made up of two or more discrete leaflets; the leaves are simple (i.e., … Wiersema JH, Leo´n B, 2013. http://faostat3.fao.org/, Flora Mesoamericana, 2015. Germination of coriander occurs at temperatures above 4°C, but is optimal at 17-20°C for genotypes with small fruits and at 22-27°C for genotypes with larger fruits. Smithsonian Contributions to Botany, no. The species spreads by seeds, which have been globally traded for both medicinal and food purposes since ancient Egyptian times. 2020 Green plants are applied in East Asia as a cure for measles. Elzebroek, T., Wind, K., 2008. Large-scale production exists in southern Russia, the Ukraine and other East European countries. The crop has since spread throughout the world, and different morphotypes have developed. Inflorescence an indeterminate, compound umbel; peduncle up to 15 cm long; bracts sublinear, 0-2, up to 11 mm long; primary rays 2-8, up to 4.5 cm long; bracteoles 0-6, linear, up to 1 cm long; secondary rays up to 20, up to 5 mm long; usually each umbellet has bisexual peripheral flowers, and the central flowers are sometimes male; calyx in all flowers represented by 5 small lobes; corolla with 5 white or pale pink petals, heart-shaped, very small (1 mm x 1 mm) in male flowers, in bisexual peripheral flowers usually 3 petals are larger: 1 petal develops 2 ovate lobes of about 3 mm x 2 mm and the 2 adjacent petals each develop one lobe; stamens 5, filaments up to 2.5 mm long, white; pistil rudimentary in male flowers, in bisexual flowers with inferior ovary, a conical stylopodium bearing 2 diverging styles up to 2 mm long, each one ending in a minutely papillate stigma. September 2007. This species has been reported to escape from cultivation and is known to be naturalized and weedy in some parts of the world (Randall, 2012), but there has been no research on the potential environmental or economic impacts of this species’ invasiveness to non-native habitats and no PIER risk assessment for this species has yet been conducted. http://www.efloras.org/flora_page.aspx?flora_id=11, Flora of Pakistan, 2015. Randall, R. P., 2012. What is the benefit of coriander leaves? In Cuba the species is listed as naturalized and is potentially invasive with a tendency to proliferate in any locality (Oviedo Prieto et al., 2012). Also covers those considered historical (not seen The stems, leaves, roots and seeds are all used in cooking. Coriander for fruit production is found in tropical highlands, subtropics and temperate regions, while in the lowland tropics it is grown as a green herb. This spice is a key ingredient in falafel and in a traditional Egyptian appetizer called dukka. Note: when native and non-native Coriander is an extremely popular herb that is used extensively and liberally in Indian, Thai, South American and Middle Eastern cuisine. The species reproduces by seeds, which are themselves a global food and medicinal commodity, and the leaves of the species are also commonly used in cookery; the species has thus been intentionally dispersed by man as a crop plant for centuries. The time from sowing to harvesting depends very much on the genotype, and is usually between 90 and 140 days. Non-native: introduced In addition to its long history of repeated introductions, other invasive traits include its fast growth rate, ability to produce seed that remains viable for more than a year, its ability to pioneer disturbed areas, and the global trade of its seed. Flora of Puerto Rico and adjacent islands: A systematic synopsis., San Juan, P.R. Rich in immune-boosting antioxidants. Bissea: Boletín sobre Conservación de Plantad del Jardín Botánico Nacional de Cuba, 6(Special Issue 1):24-96, Paraguay Checklist, 2015. (1790), non L. (1753), Tolerates, or benefits from, cultivation, browsing pressure, mutilation, fire etc, Has propagules that can remain viable for more than one year, Highly likely to be transported internationally deliberately. Parsleys, fennels, and Queen Anne's lace: Herbs and ornamentals from the umbel family. Go Botany: Native Plant Trust (Flora Mesoamericana). Can you please help us? Basil belongs to the mint family, it’s known as “royal herb” or “the king of herb”. Further details may be available for individual references in the Distribution Table Details section which can be selected by going to Generate Report. Flora of Pakistan/Pakistan Plant Database (PPD). sativum) are characteristic of the coriander forms that developed in the Near East, northern Africa, the Mediterranean, Europe and the New World. Dr. Duke's Phytochemical and Ethnobotanical Databases online resource. Acevedo-Rodríguez P, Strong M T, 2012. ©Thamizhpparithi Maari/via wikipedia - CC BY-SA 3.0, Cultivated and sometimes naturalised. Food plants of the world: An illustrated guide. 98. Your help is appreciated. Often called the ‘carrot’ or ‘parsley’ family, the Apiaceae family consists of anise-scented, caulescent annual herbs from taproots characterized by flowers borne in rounded, compound umbels, from which the family’s earlier name of Umbelliferae is derived. The peripheral florets of the umbellets are the first to flower. Compendium record. image, please click it to see who you will need to contact. In the past the species was also sometimes called ‘dizzycorn’ referring to its use in reducing dizziness by inhaling the aroma of crushed corriander seed (Loewenfeld and Back, 1978). Catalogue of the Vascular Plants of Ecuador., St. Louis, Missouri, USA: Missouri Botanical Garden. Coriander has its origin in the Near East. Oviedo Prieto R, Herrera Oliver P, Caluff M G, et al, 2012. Taproots are also aromatic and are commonly used as a vegetable in China, Thailand and, to a lesser extent, in other South-East Asian countries. Please consider upgrading your browser to the latest version or installing a new browser. The genus name Coriandrum derives from the Greek ‘koriannon’, from ‘koris’ meaning ‘a bug’ or ‘bedbug’, referring to the pungent smell from the leaves and unripe fruits (Quattrocchi, 2012).