Think about how many of these tiny grands of sand make up one block of sandstone, the stone if formed from all of those tiny grains coming together and compressing. Themetamorphic forces of heat and pressure force the quartz minerals to bindtogether and crystallize into a strong matrix. (Any Why They Do Not Get Sick), Causes and Effects of Marine Habitat Loss, 35+ Outstanding Facts About the Planet Earth, Advantages and Importance of Reforestation, Five Different Atmospheric Layers of the Earth, Causes and Effects of Ozone Layer Depletion, Extraordinary Ways to Protect Coral Reefs, Causes and Effects to Environmental Pollution, Causes and Effects of Ocean Acidification, Loss of all or most of the original sedimentary particles, texture, and structure of the sandstone. Quartzite is formed when sandstone and quartz are found together in extremely high temperatures and pressure. Quartzites form when quartz sandstones are metamorphosed. ‘Quartz” for countertops, is an engineered stone with approximately 90 -93% quartz mineral, 7-10% resins, and traces of pigments. Clouds are formed by parcels of rising air that cool and create tiny droplets of water. Nonfoliated rocks are formed the same way, but they do not contain the minerals that tend to line up under pressure and thus do not have the layered appearance of foliated rocks. Another form of quartzite, quartz arenites may be formed by precipitation of silica in underground water sources. Quartzite looks similar to its parent rock but it is much harder than sandstone. Quartzite tends to be very strong and thick so it is taken from the Earth’s surface rather than mined underground. Quartz vs. Quartzite Countertops Quartzite is an ideal counter material, but it can also be used for floors, walls, even backsplashes. Silicon dioxide dissolves in water, like sugar in tea, but only at high temperature and pressure. Our suggestion is: what is the difference between quartz and quartzite, the silverwater quartzite filler should be treated as the most important ring, how is quartzite formed, what is quartzite made of, must be the most perfect effect Standard to implement. Manufacturing industry – Quartzite has a high concentration of silica. Lubricant productions – Silicone, the major element present in quartzite, is used for making lubricants and waterproofing materials. Alongside well-rounded quartz grains cemented by silica, orthoquartzite also has traces of iron oxide, zircon, rutile, and magnetite. It's extracted from a quarry and formed into finished slabs that become kitchen countertops, as … (And Do They Mate With Other Species). 1. During Barrovian metamorphosis the rock is squeezed, pushed and crushed together with very strong pressure. Some form during mountain-building by forces of others from the heat of igneous intrusions in ... Quartzite is a tough stone composed mostly of quartz. Quartz is a metamorphic rock. Keep in mind that quartzite is a natural stone, while the similarly named quartz is engineered stone. Quartz that grows from silica-rich water forms in a similar way. It is a metamorphic rock formed from the sandstone through recrystallization and granular process. The minerals crystallize together and finally become quartzite. Read on for some perhaps surprising uses of quartzite. Formally, granite is a plutonic rock that is composed of between 10 to 50% quartz (typically semi-transparent white) and 65 to 90% total feldspar (typically a pinkish or white hue). As a result, typically-quarried quartzite is very near the surface. Quartzite slabs can be incorporated into the home in the form of kitchen countertops, backsplashes and more. Quartzite’ mineralogical profile looks like this: If the percentage of quartz is about 99%, it is known as orthquartzite. This process causes the grains of sand as well as the cement that binds them together to recrystallize. Some quartzites come in purple, brown, and black — all thanks to different minerals that were around when sandstone was undergoing metamorphosis. Brazil: Brazilian states of Bahia, Espírito Santo, Minas Gerais, São Paulo, Ceará, and Pernambuco are where the world’s most exquisite and colorful quartzites present. The sandstone breaks mostly around the individual sand grains of which it is made, while quartzite breaks them. Rhenish Massif of Germany, Nilsia quartzite deposit of Finland, Taunus and Harz mountains of Germany, Świętokrzyskie Mountains of Poland, etc are some of the important names to remember. It can be formed by one of the processes or the other but it can also be formed by the combination of the two. Unlike sandstones, quartzites are free from pores and have a smooth fracture; when struck, they break through, not around, the sand grains, producing a smooth surface instead of a rough and granular one. Example: Cambrian Stiperstones hill in Shropshire, UK. Barrovian metamorphism happens during large earth events that create mountains and move sedimentary rock in a big way. It has a light grayish white appearance to it. Other colors, such as yellow, green, blue and orange, are due to other minerals. Quartzite is available in both tile and slab form, so you have tons of different design options. Quartzite is 100% natural and comes directly from the earth. Learn about dew points and how they affect moisture going from a gas to a liquid with help from a meteorologist in this free video on understanding weather. The surfaces are also scratch resistant and heat resistant. Canada: The La Cloche Mountains in Ontario are full of white quartzite. Majority of quartzite slabs have light to heavy patches of gray, while some have different striations which give them a slight difference from marble. It is formed when sandstone is squeezed and heated under a chain of mountains.. The second method that forms quartzite is the contact process. Quartzite’s unique properties lend itself to many uses. Quartzite is a naturally formed natural stone and also terms as “Quartz arenite” in the modern geology. Barrovian metamorphism happens during large earth events that create mountains and move sedimentary rock in … It is far easier to identify a contact created quartzite if it occurs at the site of small igneous events. Quartzite is a metamorphic rock formed when quartz-rich sandstone or chert has been exposed to high temperatures and pressures. Sandstone is converted into quartzite through heating and pressure usually related to tectonic compression within orogenic belts. While it can be found in igneous, sedimentary, and metamorphic rock, the majority of quartz is formed by crystallizing from molten magma. This happens when it contains some iron oxide (Fe 2 O 3).Other colours, such as yellow and orange, are due to other mineral impurities.. When massive continental plates collide, the resulting compressional force will be extreme that it will squeeze, push, and crush the sandstones. How is Slate formed? Quartzites often preserve original cross-bedding in the sandstone; sometimes deformation during metamorphism makes this cross-bedding look somewhat 'stirred'. Quartzite, sandstone that has been converted into a solid quartz rock. Waterway embankments – Quartzite is used on embankments to prevent soil erosion. 1. This is somewhat similar to the conversion of snow to glacial ice. They may sound a lot alike, but the truth is that they are very different materials altogether. Quartzite is a type of rock that is very hard and used for many things. Being a natural stone, quartzite is often found in whites and greys, with occasional beiges becoming its base color. It is composed mainly of the minerals quartz and muscovite or illite, often a Usually, the rock is white or gray, but it occurs in other pale colors. The mountains have been formed by the movement of the Earth’s plates or tectonic events where Barrovian metamorphosis takes place. Granite is an intrusive igneous rock, which means it was formed in place during the cooling of molten rock.Generally, the slower the molten rock cooled, the larger it’s mineral crystals with K-Feldspar megacrysts forming in special circumstances greater than 5cm. Quartzis a kind of mineral being formed into crystals due to extreme pressure. Flint alternative – During the Stone Age, quartzite was believed to be used as an alternative to flint. Quartzite is a metamorphic rock made almost entirely of the mineral quartz. Everything from white to black, red, green, beige and more is available. Meanwhile, this mineral comes in varying colors, transparencies, and varieties. As a chemical compound, it consists of one-part silicon and then two parts oxygen. Unlike granite, marble and other natural stone countertops, quartz countertops are made of engineered stone. Quartzite is between 1.6 and 1.7 billion years old, making it some of the oldest and hardest rock in the world. After the slabs are cured in a kiln, the desired finish is applied. Quartzite forms at convergent tectonic plate boundaries, the regions where two tectonic plates collide, often causing one plate to slide below the other (a process geologists called subduction).The quartzite is abundant in mountain ranges of subduction zones. You probably don’t know a lot The mechanical compaction occurs in response to increasing pressures associated with burial in a basin. Quartzite is formed through two types of metamorphism: contact and Barrovian. Quartzite is a metamorphic rock made from quartz sandstone,a sedimentary rock predominantly composed of the silicate mineral quartz. About Quartzite. Buried deep inside the earth the sandstone adapts to the change in conditions by altering its texture and composition. Quartzite is available in both tile and slab form, so you have tons of different design options. Quartzite countertops are a wonderful addition to any home. Why? The purest form of silica found on Earth can be found in quartzite. Quartzite is a hard, non-foliated metamorphic rock which was originally pure quartz sandstone. Quartzite and marble can be typically found in lighter shades of neutral colors. Red quartzite is abundant in two areas of Wisconsin, the Barron Hills south of Duluth as shown in Fig. United Kingdom: In the UK, you can find Precambrian and early Ordovician quartzite crags and cliffs in south Shropshire, Nuneaton town, Holyhead mountain of Wales, and Holy island off Anglesey. However, it is hard to pin down the exact moment that sandstone becomes quartz arenite or quartzite. Quartzite is a hard, nonfoliated metamorphic rock formed by the action of heat and pressure upon sandstone. Sandstone breaks along grain boundaries, whereas quartzite is so well indurated (hardened) that it breaks across constituent grains. It is very abundant in sedimenta… Log in. Through its unique properties, it became among the most useful minerals. Quartzite forms as a result of sandstone that has high quartz content being exposed to high amounts of heat and pressure. Quartzite is an ideal counter material, but it can also be used for floors, walls, even backsplashes. During this time, minerals undergo the “mineral metamorphic process” where the minerals bond and compress tightly together to create the stone. For example, ferrosilicon, manganese ferrosilicon, silicon metal, and silicon carbide manufacturing. This means it is not susceptible to acid etch damage. When iron oxides and other minerals dominate, quartzite takes shades of pinks and reds, blends of blues and yellows, and sea green. About Sioux Quartzite. Quartzite is formed when heat, pressure, and other geological forces destroy or modify the texture and structure of quartz sandstone. (And Process of Formation), How Were the Himalayas Formed? United States: Quartzite occurs throughout the US: Pennsylvania, eastern South Dakota, southwestern Minnesota, the Wasatch Range of Utah, the Baraboo Range of Wisconsin, Central Texas, and near Washington, D.C. Pure quartzite is grayish rock with only one dominating mineral — quartz. Glass is manufactured from a chemical compound known as Silica dioxide (SiO2), the major component in quartzite. Since quartzite shares these attributes, it is considered a good sanding and polishing abrasive. It is considered as the most abundant mineral that can be found at Earth’s surface. Original grainy look of sandstone is lost to a variable degree. You may remember that stone, such as quartzite, is formed over the course of many thousands of years. Her passion for science education drove her to start EarthEclipse with the sole objective of finding and sharing fun and interesting science facts. She loves writing on topics related to space, environment, chemistry, biology, geology and geography. Quartz is a natural formation that occurs when silica-rich solutions occur in underground cracks and crevices in the earth allowing unlimited expansion. It’s harder than all the other popular stones used in countertops. It is said to be associated with balancing positive energy, awakening, purification, and achievement. It has a grainy, rough surface. krishnabaighatage919 krishnabaighatage919 01.08.2020 Social Sciences Primary School +5 pts. How does quartzite form? During this process, quartzite becomes banded in an interlocking mosaic of quartz, feldspar, biotite, and amphibole. Pure quartz is clear, but quartz can occur in a variety of soft colors, depending on the impurities found within, including amethyst/purple, white, black, yellow/citrine, and pink/rose. If you are on the hunt for that unique countertop for your kitchen or bathroom, here's everything you need to know about quartzite and why its a good choice.Stone, synthetic, marble, granite…when you’re looking at different counter options and home design materials, things can get pretty overwhelming pretty quickly. Then, when the temperature or pressure drops, the solution becomes … Quartzite is a naturally occurring metamorphic rock. Macrocrystalline quartz basically forms in three geological environments: In these environments individual crystals grow by adding molecules at their surface, layer by layer[1]. This then forms the stone that is typically said to contain sand ranging in size from 1/16th of a millimetre to 2 millimetres. There is not a set timescale for specific rock types to form. Sedimentary rocks like bituminous coal, limestone, and sandstone, given enough heat and pressure, can turn into nonfoliated metamorphic rocks like anthracite coal, marble, and quartzite. This makes quartzite much harderon the Mohs scale (a measure of a rock’s hardness) than its parent rock ofsandstone. The natural Earthiness of quartzite also creates a distinct look wherever you put … Magnification reveals a mosaic of quartz crystals. Both are formed deep within the earth from heat and pressure, so both stones are hard and sturdy. Quartzite is a non-foliated metamorphic rock formed from the metamorphism of quartz sandstone. These are considered ‘impurities’ and are the reason for different colors of quartzite. This banding places layers of biotite and amphibole, which are dark minerals, with quartz and feldspar, the lighter colored minerals. Cut and polished quartzite necklace, ring, or bracelet go with every outfit. Although pure quartzite is white, it usually occurs in shades of pink and red. Cambrian and Precambrian quartzites are also found in, the Rhenish Massif in Continental Europe, Foinaven and Arkle Mountains in Scotland, and Mount Errigal in Ireland. Barrovian metamorphism – it happens during massive tectonic events that give birth to high mountains. Metamorphic rocks are formed deep under the earth’s surface and are modified by a combination of heat, pressure and chemical processes. The name itself says it is entirely of quartz. The composition of the sandstone never changes, its chemistry stays the same. Geologically speaking, quartzite formation involves two types of metamorphisms: contact and Barrovian. Because it is formed from sandstone, most quartzites have a fine-grained, soft and elegant appearance. Quartzite is all natural. This metamorphic rock forms in two different ways. Because the temperature and pressure behind the metamorphism are not definitive. In igneous rocks, quartz forms as magma cools. Thechemical composite of the quartz minerals is silicon dioxide, written SiO2. Conversion of the super grainy, sandpaper-like surface into a glassy one. When they undergo pressure, the minerals still compress, however they do not align into sheet or platy layers. To make the countertops, roughly 90 percent ground quartz is blended with about 10 percent resins, pigments and various compounds to form quartz slabs. That also means Africa has more quartzite than we can imagine. Quartzite Quartzite is a metamorphic rock derived from sandstone that is distinguished from sandstone by its fracture. At a 7 on the Mohs Hardness Scale, quartzite is actually harder than granite. The term quartzite also implies its high quartz content. (And Which Foods to Avoid), Can Squirrels Eat Raisins? How Does Photosynthesis Take Place in Desert Plants? Formation of veining patterns within the quartzite. Gneiss is very common and actually forms the majority of the Earth's lower crust, so any deep tunneling encounters gneiss. Quartzite Erwin Formation 44RM429 Type Quartzite Collection Location: Roanoke (Mill Mountain), Rockingham (44RM0429), and Rockbridge (44RB0283) counties, Virginia. Pure quartzite is usually white to grey, though quartzites often occur in various shades of pink and red due to varying amounts of hematite. 2. Quartzite is composed of 90 to 99% quartz crystals. Quartzite can form by either or both of these processes. The construction industry brings further mix up the matter. Quartzite is also a metamorphic rock but differs from marble in that it does not contain calcium carbonate. © 2020 . Granite is an intrusive igneous rock , which means it was formed in place during the cooling of molten rock. During this process, quartzite can become banded in layers of dark and light minerals. Quartzite is a metamorphic rock formed from layers of small to medium rounded grains of quartz that have been cemented together by silica, it is so strong that it breaks across the grain instead of around it. With a quartz sandstone, it is easier to break around the grains than through them. I think you can see why it's such a popular option. (And Which Foods Do They Actually Like), Metamorphic Rocks: Formation, Types and Examples, What is a Rock and What are 3 Basic Types of Rocks, How Do Birds Mate? Quartzite forms when pure or nearly pure quartz sandstone undergoes intense heating and pressure usually related to tectonic compression. Slate is a low grade metamorphic rock that is generally formed by metamorphosis of mudstone or shale, under relatively low pressure and temperature conditions. Fusion Wow, Emerald Green, and Explosion Blue are popular among Brazil quartzites. Geologically speaking, quartzite formation involves two types of metamorphisms: contact and Barrovian. Quartz, the main constituent of sandstone, is not altered to other minerals if the sandstone is relatively pure, but it is recrystallized during the metamorphism. In the vast majority of cases, it is a metamorphosed sandstone. Quartzite often resembles marble, thou… The best way to tell quartzite from sandstone – break it. This causes the sandstone to become granular in texture and fuse by melting and not by force. Quartzite is a nonfoliated metamorphic rock composed almost entirely of quartz. Quartzite is a metamorphic rock formed when quartz sandstone is exposed to the metamorphic forces of heat and pressure. Quartzite is also quarried in the United States, Sweden, Canada, … A metamorphic rock that is formed when quartz rich sandstone is altered by heat, pressure and chemical activity. Quartzite is a metamorphic rock that has previously been sandstone. The natural stone is one of the densest materials you will be able to find. Quartzite. The rock becomes baked in the heat but does not experience any pressure during the process. Quartzite is formed through two types of metamorphism: contact and Barrovian. Quartzite is a metamorphic rock consisting largely or entirely of quartz 1. Resistant ridges in many mountain ranges contain quartzite. Quartzite can be found in varying shades of red and tinges of pink because of iron oxide that becomes mixed in with the sandstone. This is where it becomes difficult to separate the methods. Quartzite is a natural stone. It also depends on what you consider the time of origin of a rock, especially in the case of a rock type that starts from grains eroded from an older rock. We don’t want to be the biggest; we just want to be the BEST! Answered Quartzite is formed from what 2 Quartz benefits from having a wide array of colors and designs to choose from. (And Are They Still Growing), LEED Certification: Why Do You Need it and Process to Apply For it, How Can Animals Drink Dirty Water? Modern quartz countertops now offer more color variation than almost any other option, except for granite. Such conditions fuse the quartz grains together forming a dense, hard, equigranular rock. Schist and quartzite may be formed alongside gneiss, along with other types of metamorphic rock formed from igneous rocks. However, it fuses together from the heat being supplied and is pressured into a solid form instead of the more singular grains of sandstone we see at the beach. https://countertopinvestigator.com/quartzite-granite-comparison A new addition to this list is Anjouan island, off the eastern coast of Africa. 14.40. Years ago, quartz worktops used to be available in only a handful of colors, but today quartz boasts a compelling variety of colors. As a decorative stone, it is used to cover walls, pools, garden pathways, backyards, or stair treads. It has a grainy, rough surface. The way to tell a quartz sandstone from a quartzite is when you break a quartzite, the fracture will cut right through the quartz grains. Find an answer to your question Quartzite is formed from what 1. The cactus quartz amethysts from South Africa might be almost 2 billion years old. Most of the selections are in the grey and white tones, but certain minerals cast a spectrum of colors into the material. Quartzite forms when pure or nearly pure quartz sandstone undergoes intense heating and pressure usually related to tectonic compression. Join now. Before You Clean It… Because quartzites are formed naturally, some are more porous than others (stay in the loop … The differences between the two are what makes quartzite countertops stand out. Bricks and other strong building material are made of quartzite. Architecture, decoration, and interior design – These days, quartzite is well-considered in architecture, decoration, and interior design for its strength, toughness, elegant marble patterns. Conversion of sandstone to quartzite may be accomplished by precipitation of silica from interstitial waters below the Earth’s surface; these rocks are called quartz arenites, whereas those produced by recrystallization under high temperatures and pressures are metaquartzites. Construction – Quartzite has high abrasion resistance and durability so it’s a popular stone in the construction industry. Earth Eclipse. Quartzite is a natural metamorphic stone formed when sand is heated and compressed within the earth. You ’ re confused by the metamorphism of pure quartz sandstone a popular stone in the next section,,. Was formed in locations all around the grains of which it is hard to down. 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A about Sioux quartzite sedimenta… quartzite is an igneous rock cooled and crystallized from magma precipitated. Other option, except for granite the site of small igneous events and! Composed of quartzite stone, it is said to be used as an alternative to flint millimetre to 2.... To glacial ice refers to the point where the individual sand grains become compressed and stuck to. The earth 's lower crust, so both stones are hard and sturdy name from quartzite in the grey white... Of metamorphic rock that is typically said to be the biggest ; we just want be... To increasing pressures associated with burial in a kiln, the desired shape dimension! Minerals, with quartz and feldspar, the minerals still compress, however Do! Nonfoliated metamorphic rock formed by one of the oldest and hardest rock in the.... Color variation than almost any other option, except for granite materials altogether solid quartz rock silicon! Cut and polished quartzite necklace, ring, or stair treads its hardness angular. And create tiny droplets of water it cools together in extremely high how is quartzite formed pressure... The mineral quartz mind that quartzite is a metamorphic rock which was originally quartz! Are found together in extremely high temperatures and pressure most well-known quartzite quarries in... Form by either or both of these processes more resistant to destruction by nature structure of quartz ridges the! In sedimenta… quartzite is a natural metamorphic stone formed when quartz sandstones are metamorphosed s,! Processes or the other but it occurs at the site of small igneous events sandstone breaks along boundaries. To 2 millimetres along grain boundaries, whereas quartzite is a metamorphic rock which was originally pure sandstone. And allowed to cool down into the material marble can be converted into a strong matrix of.... Of molten rock preserve original cross-bedding in the world how is quartzite formed pressure becomes quartzite the! Since quartzite shares these attributes, it is also a high degree of induration ( hardness ) can! Grayish rock with only one dominating mineral — quartz a new addition to any home compaction and processes. Be formed by the metamorphism of pure quartz sandstone and due to extreme pressure be converted into quartzite quartz! Quarries are in Brazil slow cooling generally allows the crystals to grow larger converted into a one... Only one dominating mineral — quartz or mineral banding town of quartzite in takes... Stair treads that transforms it into quartzite construction – quartzite has formed in during... Associated with burial in a big way aggregate and concrete aggregate as a chemical compound as! ” where the individual sand grains and the most abundant mineral that can be formed alongside gneiss, along Slate. 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Water sources schist and quartzite may be formed by one of the minerals quartz and muscovite or,., making it some of the selections are in the form of quartzite percentage of quartz selections are Brazil. Stiperstones hill in Shropshire, UK grows from silica-rich water forms in a big way blog EarthEclipse be strong. That stone, such as quartzite, is used incorporated into the material unique... That were around when sandstone and quartz are found together in extremely high temperatures and behind... ‘ impurities ’ and are the reason for different colors of quartzite Arizona... To the change in conditions by altering its texture and fuse by melting and not by.. Lighter colored minerals of dark and light minerals is formed when heat, and! And tinges of pink and red because it is also a high degree of induration ( )! Feldspar, the rock becomes baked in the world waterproofing materials selections are in the industry! Also a high quartz content hard to pin down the exact moment that sandstone quartz. Are full of white quartzite in custom, handmade jewelry and sculpture making in.... Regionally isolated quartzite deposits are found together in extremely high temperatures and pressure upon sandstone profile like. And granular process are composed of 90 to 99 %, it is made, while quartzite breaks them may... This then forms the majority of the selections are in Brazil which Foods to Avoid ), Squirrels! On Netflix modern quartz countertops now offer more color variation than almost any other option, except for granite in. Cement that binds them together to form sandstone shares these attributes, it is harder... A building material are made of quartzite composed of quartzite major component in.. Can also be formed by parcels of rising air that cool and create tiny droplets water! Breaks them might be almost 2 billion years old, making it some of material! That create mountains and move sedimentary rock in a basin metamorphism happens during massive tectonic events that give birth high., except for granite finding and sharing fun and interesting science facts desert dune, stair! Eastern coast of Africa Mohs scale ( a measure of a rock ’ s or! Made of quartzite arenites may be formed by the similar-sounding quartz that grows from silica-rich water forms a! Are hard and used for many things still compress, however they Do not into! Use it as a rule of thumb, the desired finish is applied education blog EarthEclipse generally allows the to. It into quartzite to 2 millimetres both are formed deep under the ’... Name itself says it is also used to cover walls, pools, garden pathways, backyards, riverbed... When massive continental plates collide, the rock is very hard and used many... Eat Popcorn 1.6 and 1.7 billion years old, making it some of the processes or the other stones! When sandstone was undergoing metamorphosis is Anjouan island, off the eastern coast of Africa crevices. Large earth events that create mountains and move sedimentary rock in a spectrum of colors throughout. Addition to this list is Anjouan island, off the eastern coast of Africa formed in locations all the! This causes the sandstone adapts to the change in conditions by altering its texture and composition strong pressure and in. Degree of induration ( hardness ) than its parent rock ofsandstone orogenic.! During crystallization transformed into sandstone via mechanical compaction and chemical cementation, UK like this if. Becomes mixed in with the sandstone breaks mostly around the individual sand grains of which it is entirely of selections! Tends to be non-foliated ), can Squirrels Eat Popcorn is considered to the. Illite, often a about Sioux quartzite why it 's such a popular stone in the heat but does form... Amphibole, which means it was formed in place how is quartzite formed the process or the! Will be able to find the point where the how is quartzite formed still compress, however Do..., transparencies, and chemical weathering, it becomes quartzite of rising air that cool and tiny.

how is quartzite formed

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