What is the Autumn olive tree? And also because the boiling process kills the seeds, preventing propagation of this invasive plant. The berries are ripe now. The USDA Website claims that the analysis of autumn olive was a chance discovery. It is a great food for wildlife, and people, but it produces so much fruit that birds carry the seeds all over the central and eastern part of the country, and it grows so dense and in so many soil types that is shades out native species. But besides lycopene autumn berries is also a source of vitamin C (around 28mg/100g), as well as other vitamins, antioxidants, and minerals. While I was able to eat handfuls of the berries, the number of trees has been increasing rapidly and taking over some of the areas intended for native grass. Here is an idea...hopefully this is an appropriate forum...edible landscaping is so uncommon today; it would be nice if it could be encouraged somehow. Health Benefits. Your email address will not be published. AUTUMN OLIVE: MEDICINAL BENEFITS AND USES OF AUTUMN OLIVE AUTUMN OLIVE, ELAEAGNUS UMBELLATA. The Autumn Olive tree. And let’s fight it in ways that make sense. Removing the seeds from production is a service. I spent much of the morning and part of the afternoon visiting a nearby plot of land that is being privately used for a wildlife preserve. The Autumn olive’s sour taste highlights many health benefits within the berry. They contain an estimated 18 times more lycopene than tomatoes , an antioxidant celebrated for its anti-cancer benefits and role in prostate health. A simple abundant fruit, such as autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata berries just don’t have much chance for fame. Conservation districts saw the benefits of autumn olive. This shrub is native to Asia and was introduced into the U.S. in the 1830's. Autumn-Olive (elaegnus umbellate) also known as Autumn-Berry, is a deciduous shrub that can grow into a small multi-trunked tree reaching as high as 20 feet. See our privacy policy for more information about ads on this site. Eat it out of hand, keep in mind that each seed in the berry can grow a whole new invasive plant. Autumn Olive may be hated, and maybe some of that hatred is warranted, but the reality is that this plant is here now, and probably here to stay. Thank you for the correction, Marvin. Autumn Olives, aka Autumn Berries, are a small sweet tart round red berry that grows on deciduous trees. Autumn Olive was so widely planted on mine reclamation sites in the mid-20th century that it has extensively naturalized in some regions. Autumn olive (Elaeagnus umbellata) is a deciduous shrub native to Asia that has spread as an invasive species throughout the United States.Introduced in 1830 as an ornamental plant that could provide habitat and food to wildlife, Autumn olive was widely planted by the Soil Conservation Service as erosion control near roads and on ridges. We've grown Autumn Olive for 30 years and in all that time have observed two volunteer plants. For me,blogging is a strange experience of putting myself out there and hoping someone gets it. While this shrub does produce huge amounts of berries eaten by birds and mammals and can thrive on reclaimed mine sites, where pH extremes and high levels of toxic heavy metals are common, these positives do not outweigh the negatives associated with this shrub’s ability to invade and take over natural areas. They make very good preserves like autumn olive fruit leather and jam. Autumn olives are fast collecting fans for the fruit's sweet-tart taste and potential health benefits, even as the plant is frowned upon throughout the Northeast as a habitat-killer. In some Eastern and Midwestern states Autumn Olive has acquired a reputation of being a potentially invasive plant. Linda Diane will also be doing a “Weed Walk” Sunday from 1-3 p.m. Register with her before Wednesday;' there is a small fee for that class. If we rely on marketers to point out what is of value, we’ll miss much of the natural world and its intrinsic benefits. The autumn olive tree is a member of the Oleaster family of plants, and is native to Asia including the Himalayan region, Pakistan, Afghanistan, India, northern China and Japan. Instead of continually fighting a useless war against it, let’s embrace the benefits that this plant has to offer. A longer term project...local plant vendors might be encouraged to stock a better selection, concurrent with some favorable press on the topic, perhaps with some city encouragement via talk and perhaps small financial or social incentives. The most common fact you will read about autumn olive is that it contains 5 to 15 times more antioxidant lycopene than in tomatoes. To make the jam, we first pick through the berries to remove any leaves, sticks, or bugs, then heat the berries gently and simmer until soft. If autumn olive is now put into commercial production as a food source there will be an interesting ethical dilemma. Autumn Olive is loaded with vitamins and minerals including sugars, proteins, Vitamins A, C, and E, flavanoids, and others. Need more evidence? Health benefits of the autumn olive. The ripe berries from mature trees make awesome jelly for the pantry. expensive tools!) Here is another plant in my series on Nutraceuticals meaning the combination of "nutrition" and "pharmaceutical". And if they were to become more known for their food value, it would help to contain them somewhat. Biology. What can you do with the fruit? enabling more people to just eat what is there is a simple connection to nature. The fields are full of this (mostly) escaped silvery leaved shrub. A colleague did the analysis on what sounds like a combination of observation, a guess and a whim. More, and more frequent articles would be excellent. Autumn olive jam is my favorite recipe, as it mellows out any lingering astringency and tartness and makes a gorgeous bright pink jam. Not a native plant but invasive, it grows all over disturbed areas. I also appreciate the comments emphasizing how invasive autumn olive is. It’s one of the first plants to start shading out grass in places where trees have been cleared and the open land is changing back into forest. Autumn olive propagates primarily by seeds but can sprout vegetatively, so mowing or cutting can cause a … The seed benefits from a period of cold treatment but even without it, germination rates of over 70 percent have been documented. Autumn olive trees are nitrogen fixers. Key ID Features They are best used for recipes like pie. Agreed. The autumn olive bush produces little fruits, or berries, each one containing a seed. In this area, “Autumn-olive is a many-branched, deciduous shrub or shrubby tree, growing 10 to16 feet (3-5 meters) tall." Like many other wild edibles it also is being studied as a treatment to halt or reverse the progress of cancer. Seriously. feel free to email me anytime at [email protected] We can become the natural predator. Required fields are marked *, Autumn Olive, A Common Invasive Edible Fruit. Now for the health benefits of autumn olive berries. Now of course… this information goes against everything we’ve ever been told about autumn olive, and if you’re unfamiliar with this plant, here’s a brief backstory. So it is actually impressive that we know so much about the benefits of the autumn olive berry. The fruit contains about 8.3% sugars, 4.5% protein, 1% ash. The leaves are a grayish green and looks as though it … The fruit must be fully ripe before it can be enjoyed raw, if even slightly under-ripe it will be quite astringent. Consumers are used to spending money on what is promoted, while this free and abundant treasure goes almost unnoticed. Autumn olive is a shrub that can grow up to 20 feet tall and 30 feet wide. Lycopene has been associated with prevention of some chronic diseases, including prostate cancer. Thoughts? A simple abundant fruit, such as autumn olive Elaeagnus umbellata berries just don’t have much chance for fame. The lycopene content in Autumn olive is even higher than that of tomatoes. But the ethical action then is to remove and safely discard the seeds and don't contribute to the spread of the plant in any way. Its form is rounded, with dense branches. Native to Asia, Eleagnus umbellata goes by the common names of autumn olive and, more generously, “autumn berry”. Facts in this article apply to a blend of vitamins and minerals, autumn Elaeagnus or! 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autumn olive benefits

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