... Pruning. Harder pruning will have a negative effect on a hawthorn tree and so should be avoided. For example, you will need hand clippers for cutting small branches up to a ¼-inch (.6 cm.) You should leave a gap of 50cm between the trees in the same row and 40-45cm between the two parallel rows in a zigzag as shown above. The maximum height and spread of a mature and untrimmed hawthorn tree can be up to 8 metres. Do not cut flush with the trunk of the tree; doing this will increase the chances of decay in the trunk of the tree. She spent six years working in a private boarding school, where her focus was English, algebra and geometry. It is a rounded tree with masses of cream flowers, followed by dark red berries in autumn. If your tree is a 1-year tree (and is not being trained as a "standard") you must also prune the leading stem (if there is one) back to about 1m / 36-40". Although serious pruning is not required, you can prune your hawthorn tree to keep it looking neat. Should you need to do some light pruning, spring is the ideal time. Removal of dead, diseased or broken branches will aid in this process while stimulating new growth for flowers and fruit. You should never prune a hawthorn tree before it is established. How to Prune a Hawthorn Tree. Crataegus laevigata Rosea Flore Pleno is a small, rounded tree with pink double flowers. Hawthorn hedge (Crataegus monogyna) description Hawthorn hedging is a wonderful choice for wildlife interest; it supports over 150 species of insects and is an important source of food for birds. The best climate for growing hawthorn trees is in USDA plant hardiness zones 5 through 9. If you are trimming your hawthorn as a shrub, trim the top branches and leaves if they are growing too high. in diameter, and a pruning saw for branches over 1 ¼-inch (3.2 cm.) Aug 31, 2016 - Although serious pruning is not required, you can prune your hawthorn tree to keep it looking neat throughout the season. How to prune a hawthorn bush. Hi Jeanne-Yes, you can cut back or heavily prune the Indian Hawthorn. Removal of any cross branches or sprouts from the base of the tree and also the interior of tree helps prevent diseases because it improves circulation throughout the tree. Hawthorn – Pruning, Winter Care and Fertilizing. These trees should be pruned in early spring, before the sap starts to flow (March). However in general, these are the optimum timings for pruning hedges: Deciduous hedges. If the cut is too close to the bud, the bud usually dies. In this video Best4hedging discuss the numerous benefits of the popular native plant, Hawthorn also known as Craegus Monogyna. This severe step is necessary to force the plants to produce lateral shoots and become bushier. The first summer after planting is the most critical time for a newly planted hedge, it really is essential that new hedges have enough water, light and … Growth Rate for Hawthorn Hedge Plants. Pruning should be done when the tree is dormant, during the winter months. A hawthorn whip may be just a 2ft twig but in a year it will be waist-high and in two it will reach your shoulder. Hawthorn is very easy to care for, and only requires little attention when it is correctly settled in. Kokemuller is an authorized substitute teacher and holds a Bachelor of Arts in English from the University of Iowa. Many thanks in advance Repeat the procedure the next spring, cutting the new growth back by half. Hawthorn (Crataegus) is synonymous with late spring, when its white and pink blossoms mark the changing season.We have two native hawthorns in the UK – Crataegus monogyna and Crataegus laevigata.Both grow individually as a small tree and are also used in hedging, either on their own or in a mix with other native hedgerow plants. This will allow light to reach the lower branches. Once again, remember that they need to be sharp in order to make clean cuts. We have a short 10m long hawthorn hedge to fill a gap in our boundary screening. Formative pruning: In winter, just after planting, and for the first two years after planting ; Maintenance pruning: Each summer I planted hawthorn whips to creat a hedge all around my garden last spring. The hawthorn is a favorite among homeowners because its size and shape make it easy to prune as a hedge or use as a natural border. It is normal to plant a double row with 4 plants to the metre. Shear the hedges using hedge cutters to maintain the desired height and shape. To protect you from the 3-inch (7.6 cm.) Hawthorn (Crataegus monogyna) is the most widely used hedge plant in the UK. After watering the area was heavily mulched. Should I prune now (May) or do I need to wait? Cut diseased, dead or damaged branches back at any time throughout the year. Pruning and caring for hawthorn. Trimming hawthorn trees before they mature can stunt their growth. Read this article for hawthorn pruning info should you decide to … Cut back to healthy wood, or remove the entire branch back to the base. The white blossom that decorates Hawthorn hedges in spring gives off a lovely, delicate fragrance and is very popular with bees. A stray or damaged branch that is spoiling the look and shape of the plant can be pruned any time of year. If the cut is too far from the bud, the wood above the bud usually dies, causing dead tips on the end of the branches. Pruning to shape is normally done after flowering but if you don't care about the flowering this year you can do a rejuvenation pruning now. These trees love full sun and good drainage. Trim branches to shape the hedge in the spring after the flowering is done. In shortening a branch or twig, cut it back to a side branch and make the cut 1/2 inch above the bud. If you have a hawthorn hedge that needs trimming, June is the best time to do this. To open a woody plant, prune out some of the center growth and cut back terminals to the buds that point outward. Sign up for our newsletter. Your tree should grow 4 to 6 feet (1.2-1.8 m.) before pruning. Cut the shrub back by half when it is planted. To protect you from the 3-inch (7.6 cm.) thorns that protrude from the tree trunk and branches, it is important to wear protective clothing such as long pants, long sleeve shirt, heavy work gloves and protective eye gear. Today, the hawthorn is renowned for its sturdy nature and beauty, but also its functionality as a border hedge. The single-styled hawthorn can be planted as a hedge. If you prefer a tree, the lower limbs need to be cut to create a single trunk. Find more gardening information on Gardening Know How: Keep up to date with all that's happening in and around the garden. I planted hawthorn whips to creat a hedge all around my garden last spring. Each flower produces a seed, and from the seed, shiny red berries hang in clusters from the tree. Slightly taper the hedge if it is in a box shape so the top of the hedge is narrower than the bottom. Many thanks in advance In the spring the Indian hawthorn blooms in white to dark pink flowers that make way for dark berries in the fall. It has grown well but quite a few are very spindly and top heavy, consequently they are bowing over. You will want to use a pruning saw for the larger branches and loppers and clippers for the smaller branches. Hawthorn shrubs (Rhaphiolepis indica), sometimes called Indian hawthorn, are compact hedge shrubs that grow 3 to 6 feet tall and equally as wide. With legislation in place concerning the height of evergreen hedges, renovation may be advisable where hedges have got out of hand. Pruning during the winter months will encourage new flower production for the following spring. Should I prune now (May) or do I need to wait? A fast-growing hedge, Quickthorn plants can grow up to 40 to 60cm per year. diameter, loppers for cutting branches up to an inch (2.5 cm.) Over-pruning can compromise the health of the plant over the long term. Birds love building nests in the tree. It has a 4-foot spread in a mounded shape. The best time for major branch pruning is before the leaves come in, as the intricate structure of the branches may be clearly viewed. I dug (and improved) a planting trench about 2' wide along the length to be planted. 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I then used whips planted quite densely (about 5 plants per metre) in a zig zag pattern so the final planting had a width of about 15". Crataegus monogyna is the common hawthorn. You are here: Home » How to Plant a Hedge » Looking after your New Hedge Aftercare. Read on for hawthorn pruning info. Proper pruning of hawthorn trees requires tools that are of good quality and sharp. Its beautiful flowers, sharp thorns and hedge-like qualities have made it popular throughout the ages. Cut the Hawthorn "whips" or seedlings down by half at planting which will be between November and March. Looking after your New Hedge. Cut individual growth with pruning shears to even out branch lengths, or cut back all the branches with hedge clippers to maintain an oval or box shape or keep the shrub at a certain height. Blackthorn, also called sloe bush, is part of the large Prunus family, like the apricot tree, plum tree, almond tree, peach tree and cherry tree.It actually can be used as a graft-holder for apricot trees, plum trees and peach trees.. Crataegus laevigata Paul’s Scarlet is a small, rounded tree covered in showy, light red double flowers. When to prune hedges. Timing of pruning should take into account the potential for nesting birds (see 'Problems' section below). Water in case of prolonged dry spells and/or heat waves, especially during the 2-3 first years after planting. Sign up to get all the latest gardening tips!