In 2020 the Internet Archive has seen unprecedented use—and we need your help. Appropriation An act of Congress that enables Federal agencies to spend money for specific purposes. When the term first came into use, "bully" was slang for "first rate" or "admirable. Opinion has priority over fact. Refers to the penchant of many political operatives for smoking cigars. Absentee Voting A way people can vote when they can't get to their polling place. Dictionary Of Diplomatic And Political Terms. An association of states; usually more permanent than a confederation. Every clique has its own language — an insider's jargon that people outside the group don't always understand. Convention: A national meeting of a political party, where delegates formally elect a party's nominee. But, with this list of political terms you’ll soon be part of the conversation. There are no reviews yet. What exactly do politicians mean when they talk about a "lame duck" or a "rubber chicken"? Understand political terms used by government officials, and political candidates. Inside the Beltway: The area inside the Capital Beltway, a highway that encircles Washington, D.C. An issue described as "inside the Beltway" is believed to be of concern only to the people who work in and with the federal government and of little interest to the nation at large. approaches, key concepts in political science, political theory and political ideo-logy, comparative politics and U.S. politics, and international relations. Such inquiries are likened to fishing because they pull up whatever they happen to catch. Politicians would use the stop to deliver a quick campaign speech, often from the back of the train, before heading to the next stop. TM ® & © 2016 Scholastic Inc. All Rights Reserved. See more. Delegate: A representative to a party's national convention chosen by local voters to vote for a particular candidate. Big Government: A negative term, used mainly by conservatives to describe government programs in areas where they believe government shouldn't be involved, especially those that spend money on social problems, Bipartisan: A cooperative effort by two political parties, Bleeding Heart: A term describing people whose hearts "bleed" with sympathy for the downtrodden; used to criticize liberals who favor government spending for social programs, Bully Pulpit: The Presidency, when used by the President to inspire or moralize. Instead, we rely on individual generosity to fund our infrastructure; we're powered by donations averaging $32. Unfortunately, political scientists and lawyers—the two main professions concerned with analyzing government —have not identified a small set of simple, core concepts whose permutations and combinations get to the essence of the matter. Left-wing: Liberal. This dictionary is really amazing tool for the Arabic learners, specially those who learn Arabic from the news and the TV channels, I have found it very useful to my students when I teach Arabic for Diplomats. The vote determines how many of that state's delegates each candidate gets. An observer once wrote that the mad rush of politicians to get their district's share of treasury funds looked like slaves rushing to the pork barrel. Trial Balloon: An idea a politician suggests in order to observe the reaction. The definitions that follow, with background drawn from Safire's New Political Dictionary, should help you understand political talk a little better the next time you hear it on the evening news or read about it online. Sherman insisted, however, that he was home "only to repair my fences.". Demagogue: A leader whose impassioned rhetoric appeals to greed, fear, and hatred, and who often spreads lies. When the COVID-19 pandemic hit, our bandwidth demand skyrocketed. A List of Mostly Used Political Terms. IN COLLECTIONS. Silent Majority: The mass of Americans whose opinions are not loud and public, but who together have enormous power. Lame Duck: An officeholder whose term has expired or cannot be continued, who thus has lessened power. The term originated in British fox hunting, where the "whipper-in" was responsible for keeping the hounds from straying. Derived from a Hindi phrase meaning "learned one. Slate: Candidates for various offices running as a team; or a group of delegates running on behalf of one candidate. ... PDF download. 6–8, To run something: To be in charge of something, leader, owner. Democracy. Vocabulary University features election Comic Strips at www.myvocabulary.com: The Vocons . Instead, both professions are blessed (or cursed!) Checks and Balances: The system of dividing power among the three branches of government (executive, legislative, and judicial) to prevent any one from having too much power. See what's new with book lending at the Internet Archive. Some have held, for example, that the inten- ... political, and economic insti … Rubber Chicken Circuit: The endless series of public dinners and luncheons politicians must attend to raise funds and make speeches. If public reaction is favorable, the politician takes credit for it; if not, the idea dies quickly. actuarial science. A political system in which authority is shared between a central government and a state or regional government. Whenever the President seeks to rouse the American people, he is said to be speaking from the bully pulpit. sarra13 Pundit: A political analyst, commentator, or columnist who usually works for a newspaper or magazine, or in broadcasting. Community Texts. " Free PDF Lexicon Of Soviet Political Terms " Uploaded By Lewis Carroll, lexicon of soviet political terms since mikhail gorbachev came to power in the soviet union in april 1985 americas media have been delugged by terms describing a very complex political economic and social situation in the lexicon of soviet political terms as Derived from the Man with the Muck Rake, a character in John Bunyan's The Pilgrim's Progress, who could never look up, only down. The term originated in 1879, when Ohio Senator John Sherman made a trip home that most people considered a political visit. The paper views treatment of definitions of political terms in monolingual English, Russian and Latvian desktop (including learners') dictionaries over the last 50 years. Popularized by President Richard Nixon, who claimed that Vietnam War protesters comprised a minority, while a "silent majority" supported the war. The term originated in 1811, when Governor Elbridge Gerry of Massachusetts signed a bill that changed districts to favor the Democrats. TORRENT download. Political advisers who spin are known as "spin doctors. Former U.S. Sen. Joseph McCarthy (see McCarthyism) is often cited as a classic demagogue. Call it a Gerrymander! Each branch has some authority to check the power of the others, thereby maintaining a balance among the three. Index of Articles on Political Science: Terms and Concepts. Witch Hunt: A vindictive, often irrational, investigation that preys on public fears. Glossary of political terms pdf, THE PoLITICAL DICTIONARY was suggested by the consideration that the ' Penny past with the know ledge of the present ; in other words, by an historical. Political Suicide: A vote or action that is likely to be so unpopular with voters as to cause a politician's probable loss in the next election. download 12 Files download 5 Original. Political system definition, a coordinated set of principles, laws, ideas, and procedures relating to a particular form of government, or the form of government itself: Democracy is a political system in which citizens govern themselves. This glossary is designed to demystify some of these terms and explain their from Safire's New Political Dictionary, should help you understand political talk a . Academia.edu is a platform for academics to share research papers. Atlas » Learn more about the world with our collection of regional and country maps. Dictionary of Medical Terms 0 7475 6987 8 Dictionary of Military Terms 0 7475 7477 4 Dictionary of Nursing 0 7475 6634 8 Dictionary of Science and Technology 0 7475 6620 8 ... controversy for its own sake in reporting parliamentary and political events. The food often includes chicken, which is cooked hours earlier and then reheated, giving it a rubbery texture. Wings until all this glossary political terms pdf meeting of its act of state. Right now we’re getting over 1.5 million daily unique visitors and storing more than 70 petabytes of data. The discipline that applies mathematics, statistics and probability theory to assess risk in human affairs such as insurance, issuing finance, and in some cases sentencing in criminal justice. Dictatorship. Be the first one to, Dictionary Of Diplomatic And Political Terms, Advanced embedding details, examples, and help, Terms of Service (last updated 12/31/2014). Filibuster: An attempt by a Senator or group of Senators to obstruct the passage of a bill, favored by the majority, by talking continuously. on February 12, 2016. The text draws on academic and applied contributions to political discourse in an effort to show students that political science is … Dissolution. Winning candidates are said to have coattails when they drag candidates for lower office along with them to victory. Dog litter: Mess left by a dog. Stems from an eighteenth-century British practice of binding official papers with a reddish twine. A form of government where elections are held and people vote for the candidate of their choice to represent them. McCarthyism: The practice of smearing people with baseless accusations. Those who espouse an ideology are sometimes criticized as rigid and narrow-minded. Uploaded by Refers to witch hunts in 17th-century Salem, Massachusetts, where many innocent women accused of witchcraft were burned at the stake or drowned. Programs in Malaysia focus on support for parliamentary and electoral reform. Use these lesson plans, activities, and ideas to give students a wealth of words to use as they express themselves. Primary: A state election in which party members vote for a candidate from within their party. Senator Strom Thurmond of South Carolina set the record in 1957 by speaking for more than 24 hours without stopping. voluntary resignation from office by a queen or king. Whip: The party member who makes sure that all other members are present for crucial votes and that they vote in accordance with the party line. 1 About this guide This plain English guide focuses on political terms as part of our ongoing campaign on literacy and political participation. The author examines the practice oftotalitarian lexicography as well as the main ways of dealing with political terms … GLOSSARY OF PHILOSOPHICAL TERMS z absolutism The view that there are some types of action that are strictly prohibited by morality, no matter what the specific facts are in a particular case. download 1 file . political terms and are not strict legal or scientific definitions. This list may not reflect recent changes ( learn more ). 9–12. ", GOP: Grand Old Party, nickname of the Republican Party, Grass Roots: Political activity that originates locally, or arises from ground level. A form of government in which a single individual, who has often seized power by force, exercises political authority using arbitrary and oppressive methods. By Sierra Tishgar t Refers to the tactics of Senator Joseph McCarthy, who in the 1950s destroyed the careers of many prominent Americans by branding them Communists. Fishing Expedition: An investigation with no defined purpose, often by one party seeking damaging information about another. Because the United States was born out of a monarchy, the terminology related to politics and government is gauged against the forms inherent in and against the monarchical form of government. Ideology: An integrated system of ideas about politics, values, and culture. We do not sell or trade your information with anyone. Whistle-Stopping: The practice of making speeches in many towns in a short time, often during a single day. ", Reactionary: A militant conservative; opposite of "radical," which means ultraliberal. Political patronage is the system of rewarding political allies with government jobs, especially prestigious positions which pay well and demand little in the way of … Read More out of the loop