SOUTHERN FLANNEL BUSH, MEXICAN FLANNEL BUSH. A., C. Bayer, and D. A. Baum. Seed pod characteristics are imoportant in separating genera in the family. It is used as a binder for making low calorie dough-based products such as pasta, bread and other bakery products. A thorough re-evaluation of intergeneric relationships in … Possibly from old celtic or sanskrit words, 'sal'= near + 'lis'= water, refering to its prefered habitat.) 2001. The most famous products of the family are chocolate and cocoa from Theobroma cacao, followed by kola nuts. (Sterculiaceae) is a genus of about 125 species of trees indigenous to the tropical rain-forest African region (Ratsch, 2005).Phylogenetic information reveals that the genus was formerly classified in the family Malvaceae, subfamily Sterculioideae and was later transfered into the separate family Sterculiaceae. Family: Sterculiaceae Trochetia Origin: Mauritius. This page was last edited on 24 October 2020, at 20:55. consists of a single compound pistil of usually 4-5 sometimes weakly associated carpels, – alectra P: Genus Amphianthus Torr. Height: 20 feet. Bombacaceae members’ flowers are often large and showy. Family: Hamamelidaceae. As traditionally circumscribed the Sterculiaceae, Malvaceae, Bombacaceae, and Tiliaceae comprise the "core Malvales" of the Cronquist system and the close relationship among these families is generally recognized. That … Malvaceae, or the mallows, is a family of flowering plants estimated to contain 244 genera with 4225 known species. C. Tea-Family Theaceae (Camelliaceae) Camellia sinensis; Old World Crop; tea party-Plant Characteristics. Bombacaceae, the bombax or kapok family of flowering trees and shrubs, in the mallow order (Malvales), comprising 27 genera. Longevity Less than 50 years. Hutchinson placed the single family under Malvales. Theobroma cacao ; New World Crop-Plant Characteristics. It is also used to prevent syneresis and improve the spreadability characteristics of cheese spreads. Paracarpinus is an elliptic leaf with a finely toothed margin that is similar to leaves of the extant genus Carpinus.The areoles of P. chaneyi are regularly arranged and four to five sided (Manchester and Crane, 1987). carpels are completely distinct at maturity. Description: In this region, Sterculiaceae are all trees and shrubs except for the liana genus Byttneria.Most of them are easy to identify to order Malvales by their 3-veined leaves with stellate trichomes and double-pulvinar petioles, but in some cases familial assignment is almost impossible without first identifying the genus. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. 4. Descriptions of family characteristics of the Sterculiaceae, Bombacaceae, and Malvaceae are very similar (Cronquist 1981; Heywood 1978), and mention is often made of the close rela-tionship among these families. Characteristics: Classification: Cover Crops: Culturally Significant ... Family: Sterculiaceae – Cacao family Genus: Ayenia L. – ayenia Species: Ayenia ardua Cristobal – wingstem ayenia Subordinate Taxa. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Cola Schott & Endl. However, the relationships between the clades were not resolved. ID 10857 Symbol Key BRACH13 Common Name brachychiton Family Sterculiaceae Category Dicot Division Magnoliophyta US Nativity N/A US/NA Plant Yes State Distribution CA, LA, VI Growth Habit N/A – false foxglove P: Genus Alectra Thunb. Family Sterculiaceae – Cacao family : Contains 19 Genera and 32 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Abroma Jacq. Height: 20 feet. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Yes, that's the new edition of Heywood, which chops Malvaceae sensu APG into about 12 families, including a narrow Sterculiaceae (and Helicteroideae becomes Helictereaceae and Durionaceae, and I think that Byttnerioideae is chopped into several families). Genera: 2. 2. Phylogenetic Relationships and Floral Evolution of the Byttnerioideae ("Sterculiaceae" or Malvaceae s.l.) Based on Sequences of the Chloroplast Gene. comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. sepals, but sometimes an equal number of petals are also present. The family Tiliaceae is related to Sterculiaceae in habit, leaves, stipules and androphore (Grewia). The gynoecium unisexual. It differs from Malvaceae in stellate hairs, dithecous anthers and polyadelphous stamens. Family Scrophulariaceae – Figwort family : Contains 95 Genera and 1228 accepted taxa overall : Down one level : Genus Adenosma R. Br. ex Cav. – cola P: Genus Commersonia J.R. Forst. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs comprising about 65 genera and 1,000 species that are further characterized by the presence of stellate hairs. The perianth is commonly uniseriate, consisting of 3-5 valvate, basally connate D. 4-5 locules, each with 2-several axile ovules. Engler and Prantl put this family together with Tiliaceae, Bombaceae and Sterculiaceae in the order Malvales. Each "thumbnail" image below is linked to a larger photograph. Sterculiaceae had previously been recognized as a family by most systematists; in its traditional sense the family includes about 70 genera, totalling around 1,500 species of tropical trees and shrubs. Comparisons of descriptions compiled for this package show Sterculiaceae differing from Malvaceae sensu stricto (q.v.) Scrophulariaceae, the figwort family of flowering plants, one of 26 in the order Lamiales, containing about 65 genera and 1,700 species with worldwide distribution. P: Genus Agalinis Raf. tea-Is tea harmful or beneficial? The Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences (IFAS) is an Equal Opportunity Institution authorized to provide research, educational information and other services only to individuals and institutions that function with non-discrimination with respect to race, creed, color, religion, age, disability, sex, sexual orientation, marital status, national origin, political opinions or affiliations. actinomorphic or rarely zygomorphic, and are bisexual or not uncommonly functionally A 2006 molecular study indicated the Sterculioideae was most likely to be a monophyletic group, and that it had four major clades within it. be useful as a diagnostic feature (Chattaway, 1937). It is a good emulsion stabilizer for French style salad dressings. Has Evergreen foliage. Leaves alternate, simple, stipulate. – chiranthodendron P: Genus Cola Schott & Endl. – amphianthus P: Genus Angelonia Humb. The leaves are deciduous but most remain on the plant long into the winter (i.e., the leaves are marcescent). The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately The family includes: Adansonia digitata, the African baobab (q.v. Many species yield timber. Sterculiaceae was a family of flowering plants: based on the genus Sterculia. In our region, it is represented by a single species. Rounded Shape. This method has been applied a tube that commonly surrounds the ovary or arises from an androgynophore. vegetative-Tea Processing: green , black, etc. Its members are characterized by strong trunks and toddy yielding inflorescences. Examination of these characteristics suggests that a number of genera should be transferred from the Bombacaceae to the Sterculiaceae (Camptostemon, Matisia, pro parte) or to the Malvaceae (Hampea). The evidence obtained from such a series can then be used to test the other features in the wood. Rounded Shape. It is also allied to the family Elaeocarpaceae and hence Bentham and Hooker had included the latter in Tiliaceae. Trochetia parviflora is a very rare shrub from the Trochetia genus endemic to Mauritius. Additional Common Names. -Family Sterculiaceae. The members of this family are distributed throughout the world. The Thorne system takes an intermediate approach in combining the bulk of the traditional Sterculiaceae (but not including Sterculia itself) with elements of the traditional Tiliaceae to form the family Byttneriaceae. Has Evergreen foliage. This family consists of palm plants. vegetative; fruits fruits/seeds seeds-Cacao Processing-Is chocolate good for you? Distribution: Found from Sierra Leone to Cameroon and northern Gabon, occupies mixed and dry deciduous forests and transitional forests. This family has more than 217 genera and around 2,500 species. Medicinal uses of some species from family Sterculiaceae Plants from family Sterculiaceae have long been used as traditional medicine in several countries and tribes. Sterculiaceae may be separated from Malvaceae sensu stricto by the smooth surface of the pollen grains and the bilocular anthers. Sterculiaceae definition is - a large family of herbs, shrubs, or trees (order Malvales) distinguished mainly by the numerous monadelphous stamens and 2-celled anthers. Members of the Betulaceae are well represented in the Cenozoic of the Northern Hemisphere (Crane and Stockey, 1987) (FIG. It contains no crop plants of great economic importance but is notable for many ornamental garden plants, such as butterfly bush [1], L. Watson and M.J. Dallwitz (1992 onwards), https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Sterculiaceae&oldid=985246956, Historically recognized angiosperm families, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Malvaceae: Byttnerioideae, Helicteroideae & Sterculioideae - formerly Sterculiaceae Wild, H. (1960-1) Sterculiaceae Flora Zambesiaca 1(2) Description of the family – brachychiton P: Genus Chiranthodendron Cerv. More Taxa Info; Guides; Places; Site Stats; Help; Video Tutorials; Log In or Sign Up Family: Salicaceae (Willow Family) (lat. Family: Sterculiaceae Danta Other Common Names: Kotibe (Ivory Coast), Otutu (Nigeria), Owoe (Cameroon), Arborbo (Gabon), Kondofindo (Zaire), Naouya (Angola), Abumana, Akumaba, Epro (Ghana). In that view the taxa formerly classified in Sterculiaceae are treated in the subfamilies Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae of the Malvaceae sensu lato. Leaves Lobed and Palmate, Green, No Change, Evergreen. attained by any family, such as the Sterculiaceae, and also to arrange the genera within the family in order, representing an advancing series of specialization in regard to vessel-member length, pitting or ray type. Title: Microsoft Word - Vol 12 text.published.02Oct2007.doc Author: Nick Turland Created Date: 10/3/2007 2:36:52 PM The following is a list of some important members of family Arecaceae, arranged alphabetically. Width: 12 feet. The Sterculiaceae are trees, shrubs, or herbs Whitlock, B. Wilkie, P., Clark, A., Pennington, R. T., Cheek, M., Bayer, C. & Wilcock, C. C. (2006).Phylogenetic Relationships within the Subfamily Sterculioideae (Malvaceae/Sterculiaceae-Sterculieae) Using the Chloroplast Gene ndhF. It is allied to the mallow family (Malvaceae), to which the cotton plant belongs, and is characteristic of the tropics. throughout the family (Sterculiaceae s.s) and may. ). Presence of mucilage in plant parts. The leaves are alternate and simple or infrequently palmately lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. lobed or compound; stipules are present but they are shed early. frequently consists of two whorls of 5 stamens each, these united by their filaments into 22.177). witch hazel family. Sterculiaceae A family of trees, shrubs, climbers, and herbs that have stellate hairs or scales. Genera are now placed in the family Malvaceae, in the subfamilies: Byttnerioideae, Dombeyoideae, Helicteroideae and Sterculioideae. Fremontodendron californicum subsp. mexicanum Fremontia mexicana. 3. Introduction. Classic name for willow. Family: Malvaceae Previously listed in the Sterculiaceae family. an equal number of distinct or variously connate styles, and a superior ovary with usually Species: 25 (approx.) Synonyms. Well-known members of economic importance include okra, cotton, cacao and durian.There are also some genera containing familiar ornamentals, such as Alcea (hollyhock), Malva (mallow) and Lavatera (tree mallow), as well as Tilia (lime or linden tree). P: Genus Ayenia L. – ayenia P: Genus Brachychiton Schott & Endl. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Almost all parts of the plants including root, bark, and leaf of the species from the family were reported to exhibit a broad range of medicinal properties (Table 1). Primitive characters: 1. The androecium most Tree Characteristics. – angelon P: Genus Antirrhinum L. – snapdragon P The flowers are Plants in the Hamamelidaceae are deciduous shrubs or small trees with simple leaves that grow alternately along the stem. & Bonpl. The fruit is variable; sometimes the Numerous phylogenetic studies have revealed that Sterculiaceae, Tiliaceae and Bombacaceae as traditionally defined are cladistically polyphyletic. Some plants are shrubs and tree-like. presence of stellate hairs. Sterculiaceae – Cacao Family Plants in the mainly tropical and subtropical Cacao Family (Sterculiaceae) are trees, shrubs, or rarely perennial herbs with mucilaginous, fibrous bark, simple, alternate leaves, flowers with 5 or 0 petals, and fruit in the form of … ... Tree Characteristics. The APG and APG II systems unite Bombacaceae, Malvaceae sensu stricto, Sterculiaceae and Tiliaceae into a more widely circumscribed Malvaceae, i.e., Malvaceae sensu lato. Traditionally included in the family Sterculiaceae, it is included in the expanded Malvaceae in the APG and most subsequent systematics. Width: 12 feet.