For all of its earthly attractions, some of the Atacama Desert's most stunning sights are not underfoot, but rather in the sky. The vast and colorful Atacama Desert is said to be the driest desert in the world. Founded in 1993, Explora, which has properties in Chile, Peru, Argentina and Bolivia, pioneered eco-tourism in the area by guiding guests on "explorations" into all reaches of the Atacama. Antofagasta, one of the oldest cities of the country, is the most important marine port in the north of Chile; it was used as a unload port for the Chilean nitrate; this region was founded by Chileans in 1870 to exploit the nitrate in the Atacama Desert. Normally, the Atacama Desert gets less than a 1/2 inch (12mm) of rain a year. The Atacama Desert is home to diverse flora and fauna, despite its harsh climate. It looks like it has more surprises for me than I could ever expect. This is the scene that awaits you in Chile. Today, Explora's 40-plus explorations in the Atacama, each with its own name, are a half- or full-day in duration and completed on foot, bike or horseback. Vast salt flats, active geysers and intense blue lagoons are just a few of the extraordinary features of this region. It started with saltpetre which came to an abrupt end at the beginning of the 20th century when the synthetic production of nitrates was invented. Giant hand rises from the desert, Chilean hike joins short list of longest treks in the world, 10 of the best long-distance trails for hikers around the world, Easter Island: Make the most of its mysteries, Atacama Large Millimeter/submillimeter Array. Officially the driest place on Earth, it receives almost no rainfall whatsoever. Join us on a 12-month journey to see them all. Here, downtime is well spent sipping a glass of Chilean Sauvignon Blanc at the sleek Explorer's Bar, tucking into a plate of hearty pasta or flaky fish on the restaurant's wraparound veranda or simply savoring the tech-free silence of its delightfully simple rooms and suites. The best way to explore the Atacama is by making your base at a hotel or lodge located within its borders. [email protected] Large parts of Chile are sparsely populated, and light pollution from cities is hardly a problem. As a result of these harsh conditions, plant and animal life is almost non-existent, particularly in the lower Atacam… Explora Atacama offers a range of expeditions into the vast landscape. Located in northern Chile and ranging in elevation from 2,400 meters (7,900 feet) to 4,800 m (15,700 ft), the Atacama plateau desert is the driest region on the planet. Guatín, an exploration that requires a single night's acclimatization, begins with a drive toward Guatín village, at the confluence of the Puritama and Purifica Rivers. What causes the flowering desert / desierto florido? Discover the multi-layered flavors of Chilean cuisine; a rich mix of time-honored traditions[...], © 2016 CHILE TRAVEL Todos los Derechos Reservados, Humberstone and Santa Laura Saltpeter Offices. Northern Chile is a land of extreme contrast, where two uniquely Andean environments, the Altiplano and the Atacama Desert, combine with unpredictable and overwhelmingly beautiful results. I heard about the phenomenon of desierto florido, Taking a tour of the Altiplanic lagoons in the Atacama Highlands, Avenida Providencia 1550 Northern Chile & Atacama Desert Tours So marked is the contrast between northern Chile and the south that you might not believe you’re in the same country. In fact, it is so dry that some weather stations in the desert have never recorded a single drop of rain. Journey to the stars and learn more about the constellations in one of the many famed astronomical observatories in the northern half of Chile. There are more than 270 hot springs throughout Chile, many located in rich, verdant landscapes or nestling[...], Bustling nightlife, modern shopping malls, stunning textiles and mouth-watering Chilean food. Arica is an important city for Bolivia. According to the Integrated Taxonomic Information System (ITIS), there are six species of flamingos in the world. But the most northerly part of Chile is much more than just the Atacama Desert. Dive into its turquoise waters and get a tan on its fine white sand. Deadly floods in northern Chile left homes and roads destroyed. A plus for fussy packers: Hiking boots and dust-covered walking gear are welcome on property practically anywhere, any time. Over the past year or so of travel blogging I’d visited Costa Rican waterfalls, Guatemalan volcanoes, Mayan ruins, medieval Croatian cities and been swimming in several oceans, lakes and rivers. It's 8,202 feet above sea level. Explora is located on 17 hectares near the village of San Pedro de Atacama. Chile is a geographically diverse country that stretches 2,653 miles from north to south along South America’s western coast. The union of different communities, knowledge and skills turned this industry into a complex[...], Get up before dawn to enjoy the show just as the sun rises, with the craters of El Tatio as the main attraction. Welcome to the driest desert on the planet! Atacama Desert and Northern Chile, Chile Don’t miss the opportunity to star-gaze during a stay here- thanks to the positioning of the largest astronomical observatory in the world, Chile justifiably considers the Atacama Desert something of an astronomical attraction. Seeing all that this otherworldly landscape has to offer requires some effort, but it more than pays off. According to the World Wide Fund for Nature, the Atacama Desert ecoregion occupies a continuous strip for nearly 1,600 km (1,000 mi) along the narrow coast of the northern third of Chile, from near Arica (18°24′S) southward to near La Serena (29°55′S). / E-mail: [email protected] Tel: +56 (2) 2570 8620 / Toll Free USA: 1-800-906-8056. Travelers would do well to end a stay at Explora with a trek along the Ruta del Agua. Serious stargazers will want to make the roughly 40-mile drive east from Explora to the site of the. It is located in the northern part of Chile and occupies small territories in Argentina, Peru and Bolivia. Guided viewings are offered nightly, depending on weather conditions. Atacama is surprising. Chile’s northern reaches are now famous worldwide due to the rescue of the 33 miners from the San Jose mine in Copiapo in August 2010. #Travel Icon: The Atacama Desert in #Chile via @wanderlustmag: @chiletravel #tbt, Desierto de Atacama. Sometimes a new day is all you need for a new perspective. A few days spent exploring its vast expanse, however, reveal the opposite. Kicking off in Santiago discover fascinating museums, lunar-like landscapes of geysers and rock formations, pre-Hispanic ruins and gigantic geoglyphs, mammoth copper mines and abandoned ghost towns with plenty of natural beauty to boot. Fotografía de @mygobe. On average, the Atacama receives less than one millimeter of rainfall each year. To fully appreciate the Atacama is to understand its jaw-dropping dimensions. Some 80 percent of the merchandise that enters and leaves this port is going to or coming from Bolivia. There's a perfect beach for every week of the year. The Atacama Desert A large group of ancient drawings on the hillsides at Cerro Pintados in the Atacama Desert. You’ll discover idyllic beaches ideal for sunbathing, as well as more dramatic shores, many offering fantastic opportunities for water sports and nautical activities on over 4,000 kilometers of Chilean coast. What happens when rain hits one of Earth's driest deserts is amazing. Underfoot and overhead, the wonders of this remote corner of the world are endless. Kari tackles several types of terrain, from giant, sloping sand dunes to dry river beds and waterfalls crusted with salt. if you think my hands are full, you should see my heart ♥ gratitude. Sure, there’s a reason it’s one of Chile’s top tourist destinations, but by limiting your trip to only one town in the region means you miss out on the other even more interesting places to visit in northern Chile. Spend time with the indigenous peoples and experience their traditions! The region’s striking landscapes include the Altiplano and the vast landscapes of the Atacama Desert, the driest desert in the world. The desert sprawls over more than 40,000 square miles in northern Chile, making it only slightly smaller than the Mojave in the southwestern United States. The mountains and other environmental factors prevent would-be precipitation from reaching the Atacama, creating a so-called rain shadow. Santiago de Chile, Turismo Atiende: Visit the north[...], Picture yourself floating in clear, natural hot springs, listening to soft rainfall on the lush forest all around you. It's also a traveler's delight with rock canyons, snow-capped volcanoes, geysers and turquoise lakes. The Salt Lake District in Chile is certainly one of the … N orthern Chile is unofficially divided into two main territories: the Norte Grande (Big or Far North), border ing Peru to the North, Bolivia and Argentina to the East, Pacific Ocean to the West. Explora Atacama has a sophisticated observatory to aid in exploring some of the world's clearest skies. The canyon was formed by water erosion; its high, sun-baked walls are composed of gypsum, clay and salt. I landed in Calama airport after a short 2 hour flight from Santiago to an empty airport. Thanks to its remoteness, high altitude and lack of rain and light pollution, the desert's night skies are some of the darkest and clearest on earth. This part of Chile includes the regions of Arica and Parinacota, Tarapaca, Antofagasta and the northern half of Atacama. ALMA Observatory. You can find camping spots and some cottages with[...], A town with a perfect climate, barely any humidity and amazingly clear skies, Vicuña has been crowned the capital of astronomical observation. Atacama Desert, Spanish Desierto de Atacama, cool, arid region in northern Chile, 600 to 700 miles (1,000 to 1,100 km) long from north to south. They are on the coast of the Pacific Ocean, and are located in the Atacama Desert.. The Atacama Desert is one of the driest places in the world, second only to The Dry Valleys of Antarctica. Get off the beaten track in Chile’s northern reaches with this unique adventure through the Atacama Desert. The trek takes guests to highlands of roughly 14,000 feet, where vicuña, foxes and flamingos make their home. Designed by Chilean architect Germán del Sol in 2000 and partially rebuilt in 2017 following a sweeping fire, the stylishly minimalist property is awash in white and was intended to blend seamlessly with its surroundings. Early evening, the moon's ghostly silhouette hangs high above the landscape, and a burnt-orange tint bleeds over the horizon. Chile enjoys more than 300 clear days per year and with little or[...], If you're an adrenaline junkie, or thrill to the sight of a spectacular landscape after a long wilderness trek, then Chile's definitely the place for you! Cities . Sitting more than 16,000 feet above sea level in … Argentina: (11) 5219-4105 / Brasil: (11) 3958-7071. Torres del Paine, W short Trek; Lake District Trek; Rental; Contact 2 Valle de la Luna – an impressive dry desert landscape; Understand . mi (105,000 sq. km), stretching 600mi (1000km) from southern Peru into northern Chile. The crossword clue 'Seaport in northern Chile in the Atacama Desert region' published 2 time⁄s and has 1 unique answer⁄s on our system. Its limits are not exactly determined, but it lies mainly between the south bend of the Loa River and the mountains separating the … Visit San Pedro de Atacama and explore its singular landscapes, quite unlike anywhere else on earth. Exploring the Atacama Desert in Northern Chile There are few places on earth that feel so far removed from civilization and the tech-boom of the 21 st Century as the Atacama desert in Northern Chile. There’s a climate phenomenon that occasionally turns the Atacama Desert in Northern Chile, the world’s driest desert, into a diverse and gorgeous flower garden. Ski down Chile’s mountains and volcanoes, or go for its many water sports - including scuba diving, surfing, kayaking[...], Chile’s cultural roots are as diverse as its landscapes, and have shaped the uniquely Chilean identity. Northern Chile is a land of extreme contrast, where two uniquely Andean environments, the Altiplano and the Atacama Desert, combine with unpredictable and overwhelmingly beautiful results. Northern Chile has been thriving on the mining industry since the middle of the 19th century. Up until now though, I’d never seen a geyser. Sky-high, flower-freckled cacti stand watch on either side. In the northern desert region saline soils, made up of gravel and sand cemented with calcium sulfate, alternate with alkali-rich soils, which are difficult to cultivate even with irrigation because of their surface salt accumulations. Located in the longest region of the North of Chile. The Andean foothills and high plateau landscapes merge in a place of great cultural and historical interest with amazing natural beauty. Northern Chile's Atacama Desert is the driest desert in the world. Come and experience the full[...], Warm sunshine, sea and sand; what better ingredients for a fabulous holiday? Discover unique archaeological relics and explore the country’s history in its many museums. Say the words “northern Chile” and there’s probably only one place that pops into your head: San Pedro de Atacama. San Pedro Trek; Lascar Volcano & San Pedro; Santiago and Central Andes. In 2008, Explora opened its own observatory where guests can peer through a powerful Meade 16-inch telescope into the night sky. This may look like a plain old sponge cake, but tres lechestranslates as ‘three milks’ in English, and refers to the… Chile - Chile - Soils: The geologic variety and diverse origin of surface sediments cause the soils of Chile to vary greatly in character from north to south. The adventure culminates with a hard-earned picnic lunch (Chilean wines -- check) and a soak in the Puritama Hot Springs. Under a sky with infinite stars lies the world’s driest desert waiting for the anticipated blooming. Northern Chile's Atacama Desert is the driest and, it's been argued, oldest desert in the world -- characteristics that might lead travelers to believe it's an arid, windswept wasteland with little or nothing to see. Observe constellations, planets, shooting stars and all manner of celestial bodies in the spectacular Chilean skies - the clearest in the entire southern hemisphere. If you are, we recommend you visit to plan your next vacation in Chile. Far from being a desolate, arid wilderness, the Atacama desert is overflowing with life. Or, for the casual traveler, to go stargazing. What earns the Atacama the title of world's driest desert is, in large part, its position between the Cordillera de la Costa mountain range to the west and the Andes to the east, with surrounding elevations ranging from 5,000 feet to 16,000 feet. Research shows that some of the Atacama's riverbeds have been dry for 120,000 years, and some pockets of the South American desert are said to have never seen rain at all. Arica; Iquique; San Pedro de Atacama; La Serena; Antofagasta; Calama; Caldera and Bahía Inglesa; Copiapó; Mejillones; Other destinations . It's roughly 600 miles in length from north to south, spilling over Chile's borders into Peru, Bolivia and Argentina. Andes Glacier Overnight; Termas & Trekking; Snow Shoes; Andes Crossing; Mt Pintor; Mt Leonera; Patagonia and Lake District. Immerse yourself in the ways of[...], Chile’s territory combines over 4,000 kilometers of wind-blown, ocean-swept coastline, the immense, mineral-rich northern desert, the majestic peaks of the Andes range, with thousands of active volcanoes strung along its length, and the hushed mystique of the southern evergreen forests. On Saturday and Sunday mornings, guests can visit the. Sandwiched between the Pacific Ocean and the Andes Mountains, the Atacama Desert runs for some 600 miles along northern Chile and encompasses over 40,000 square miles. Even if the guanacos are no-shows, panoramic views of the Arcoiris Valley's colorful, earthen walls make the trek -- and a pit stop or two to pour sand from your shoes -- worthwhile. The scene is reminiscent of a movie set on Mars. Northern Chile and Desert. It is around 621 miles in length and 93 miles at its widest. Santiago itself has hot, dry summers and mild, wet winters. Whatsapp, Experience a journey to the stars in Chile! We really recommend spending time in the most northerly city of Chile. Atacama Desert is the driest place in the world. Located 4,200 meters above sea level, its fumaroles (smoke from the geysers) create amazing white steam columns[...], The peculiar rocky formations and dunes of Moon Valley (Valle de la Luna) and the changing colors of Mars Valley (Valle de Marte) and the Salt Mountains are an attraction that you can't miss while visiting the Atacama Desert. In some parts of this desert, no precipitation has ever been recorded. Lindsay Lambert Day is a freelance travel and lifestyle writer based in Atlanta. On the high Andean plateau, you’ll find small villages at up to 4,000 meters above sea level where timeless traditions linger in extreme and wonderfully photogenic settings. Sometimes though, you have to be a bit more intentional about clearing your mind. Its ancient cultures offer a warm welcome to modern travellers, and fertile oases sustain an astonishing diversity of life here in the world’s driest desert. It is home to the highest and driest desert in the world, the Atacama Desert, and stretches roughly 500 miles from Copiapo to the northern tip of Chile. Keen eyes might spot a South American gray fox, the chinchilla-like viscacha or the endangered Andean mountain cat. Chile’s territory combines over 4,000 kilometers of wind-blown, ocean-swept coastline, the immense, mineral-rich northern desert, the majestic peaks of the Andes range, with thousands of active volcanoes strung along its length, and the hushed mystique of the southern evergreen forests. In some parts of this desert, no precipitation has ever been recorded. The two-and-a-half-hour hike requires careful climbing and watchful walking through a rocky cactus valley, following a cool, clear and shallow river along a deep canyon. The half-day Kari expedition, which requires no acclimatization, takes guests to the La Sal Mountains for a walk along the winding Kari ravine. If[...]. Iquique and Arica are the most important cities in northern Chile. CNN Sans ™ & © 2016 Cable News Network. The vast and colorful Atacama Desert is said to be the driest desert in the world. If you’re a fan of water sports or simply enjoy soaking up the sun, don’t miss the northern coastal region, with its exquisite sandy beaches, crystal clear waters and exquisite seafood. Northern Chile is home to the Atacama Desert, which has one of the lowest rainfall totals in the world. Come and explore them! Check out 'Mirror quiz' answers for TODAY! WHERE: San Pedro de Atacama. With its own spa, four outdoor swimming pools, horse stables, airy lounge areas, restaurant and bar, Explora Atacama is more accurately described as an adventure lodge than as simply a hotel. It turns out the Atacama, with its rust-colored rock canyons, snow-capped volcanoes, steaming, gurgling geysers and turquoise sinkhole lakes, is home to dozens of species of plants and animals and a wonderful array of geological features. Largest Supply of Sodium Nitrate in the World – This region is the largest natural supply of Sodium … The National Geographic Society considers the coastal area of southern Peru to be part of the Atacama Desert and includes the deserts south of the Ica Region in Peru. The sometimes harrowing expedition requires guests to scale deep, rock-strewn ravines and to traverse uneven, sun-bleached flats blanketed with spiny cacti and desert flora. If you like fashion and design, visit the exclusive boutiques on Santiago's most elegant streets. Norte Grande's star attraction is the tiny adobe village of San Pedro de Atacama, just a day trip away from the world's highest geyser field and some astounding desert formations. You’ll find all these and much more in Chile’s lively cities. Its area is … One of its main attractions is the wonderful Chungará Lake, one of the highest in the world found at[...], The history of white gold envelops and joins two saltpeter offices that became the world's most important saltpeter mine at the turn at the 20th century. Some parts have even never seen rain. Located in the middle of a desert, 18 kilometers from Peru, the capital of northern Chile serves as Bolivia’s principal port. Arguably one of the most spectacular sights is the Tatio geysers, a geothermal field with 80-plus of the steaming, spewing springs. As I set my alarm for 4am, and rolled over in Hostel Desert – our cute little base in San Pedro de Atacama, I felt excited for the next day’s events. In fact, I didn’t really know what a geyser was. For those who like[...], Throughout your travels in Chile, you’ll enjoy an irresistible combination of mouth-watering seafood, fabulous produce from the fertile land and sophisticated cuisine, together with the perfect wine pairings to captivate your senses. The Atacama Desert covers a total area of 40,541 sq. For guests who are lucky, the Matancilla exploration -- at times a tedious trek over sandy, stony trails near the Domeyko Mountains -- yields up-close encounters with fuzzy, grazing guanacos, a camelid creature from which domesticated llamas descended. Those that take guests to the desert's higher elevations require anywhere from one to six nights' prior acclimatization. Moreover, the northern part of the country, because of its dry desert … 600 600 60 66 North region of Chile. As a result, the Atacama is one of the best places on the planet to study astronomy. Visit one of its five observatories and discover the mysteries of the universe during its night tours. Impressively, the Atacama is home to three. Monument or mirage? At[...], Located south from Bahía Inglesa, it is known as one of the best beaches in the country. Atacama Salt Lakes & High Desert Lagoons. In contrast, Santiago is located midway along Chile's length and lies in a Mediterranean temperate valley between the coastal mountains and the Andes. There, using a technique called interferometry, 66 antennae work collectively to gather and analyze signals from the universe and to determine their sources. Read More Select points of interest to plot on map by type Top Attractions Top Hotels Top Restaurants Top Entertainment Top Nightlife Top Shopping