3. Gravity. Prerequisite: None. Write. Albert Bates Lord, The Singer Resumes the Tale Foreword Preface 1. Here are a few more that are sometimes used in classrooms: Oral Literature: The oldest type of literature, and the foundation on which culture was built. Terms in this set (10) Myths. Nordic Journal of African Studies 12(3): 387–406 (2003) STYLISTIC PATTERNS IN ORAL LITERATURE: THE FORM AND STRUCTURE OF BAKWERI DIRGES BABILA J. MUTIA University of Yaounde I, Cameroon ABSTRACT This article examines and analyses the language of dirges among the Kpe (or Bakweri), a The Theme in Anglo-Saxon Poetry 7. Homer and the Muses: Oral Traditional Poetics, a Mythic Episode, and Arming Scenes in the Iliad 4. Oral literature or folk literature is a literature that is spoken or sung as opposed to that which is written, though much oral literature has been transcribed. STUDY. Written piece which reflects human emotions, nature and society is called literature. level decisions have influenced the composition of the literature as a whole. Categories of oral literature include: Epic poems Narrative poems Lyric poems Nursery rhymes and nonsense verse Puns Proverbs Kennings Riddles Hymns and other songs with words Folk tales Myths Legends Histories Biographies Literature broadly is any collection of written work, but it is also used more narrowly for writings specifically considered to be an art form, especially prose fiction, drama, and poetry. literatures: Oral and Written literature. There is no standard definition, as folklorists have varying descriptions for oral literature or folk literature. More restrictively, it is writing that possesses literary merit. 1 However, there continue to be ECT 315 TOPIC 4 TEACHING ORAL LITERATURE Page 1 of 3 TOPIC 4 TEACHING OF ORAL LITERATURE Topic Objectives By the end of this Topic you should be able to : (i) Give examples of each genre of oral literature (ii) Effectively integrate each genre with English language skills (iii) Teach oral literature effectively to enhance the acquisition of the language skills (iv) Outline the problems … The perception of African oral literature 29 Nineteenth-century approaches and collections. The … Oral literature makes us aware of ourselves, other human beings, our environment and our history. Oral Literature in Africa is part of the World Oral Literature Series published in conjunction with the World Oral Literature Project. Oral Literature, also known as Orature includes folklore, joke, fable, parable, hearsay, and legend etc. The book is available as a free pdf and ebook download thanks to the generous support of interested readers and organisations, who made donations using the crowd-funding website unglue.it. A broad conceptualization refers to it as literature characterized by oral transmission and the absence of any fixed form. Oral literature is a broad term which may include ritual texts, curative chants, epic poems, musical genres, folk tales, creation tales, songs, myths, spells, legends, proverbs, riddles, tongue-twisters, word games, recitations, life histories or historical narratives. It can also be a significant agent of change capable of directing, provoking, preventing, overturning and recasting Prose, poetry, drama, essays, fiction, literary works based on philosophy, art, history, religion, and culture as also scientific and legal writings are grouped under literature.Creative nonfiction of the olden times and literary journalism also fall under literature. 16LiuE. Oral literature was never seen as literature, not to mention being studied as literature. Also, modern written literature is believed to be borne out of the traditional oral genre, one of which is folktales. African Oral Literature and Education. Oral Traditional Lyric Poetry 3. Traditionally, Africans have revered good stories and storytellers, as have most past and present peoples around the world who are rooted in oral cultures and traditions. Created by. PLAY. By Bernice Bessey Oral Literature is a spoken word that has been transmitted from generation to generation. kcse form 1 notes biology ,chemistry, physics, english, kiswahili, history, geography, history, computer, business, mathematics. Many fairytales were originally oral literature. Myths are stories that explain objects or events in the natural world as resulting … Examines the changing social pressures and forces in the 19th and 20th centuries through an analysis of major works by Twain, Dickens, Steinbeck, Williams, Golding, Miller, and Hemingway. The Formula in Anglo-Saxon Poetry 6. Though Africa oral literature has several parts,… Now, almost all oral literature is available so far in written form, they are generally categorized into fictional literature. Literature is a method of recording, preserving, and transmitting knowledge and entertainment. Test. This literature through narrative, poetry, song, dance, myths and fables, and texts for religious rituals provides a portrait of the meaning of life as experienced by the society at its particular time and place with its unique existential challenges. about literature is to be critical of the work—and that’s difficult to do if you happen to really like the work. of oral literature. Stories, songs, proverbs, riddles and jokes in oral literature use colorful words and vivid images to describe human beings, their feelings and their behavior towards one another. Parts of Literature. In what follows we will examine historical examples of the relation between literature and media, as well as examples from a variety of cultural contexts. Types of Oral Literature. PDF | This paper examines the origin, evolution and emergence of folklore ... then, that we should use these forms of oral literature in the education of our children, and even for. by: Christine F. Godinez-Ortega. 4 On some of the many variations in the forms of composition (including musical composition) among di ; 18 The extent of this kind of innovation, of course, varies with both genre and individual performer, and the question of original composition is a difficult one. It forms part of Africa’s rich cultures that are expressed in diverse ways. form 1 revision notes pdf The reception of literature can also be swayed by dominant media forms. Interactions and Intersections Edited by Daniela Merolla Leiden University, the Netherlands INTRODUCTION The studies of oral literature are countless, and the educational function of storytelling is certainly one of recurring topics. Simply put, the term oral tradition refers to a process by which any information about a culture, such as literature, history, medicine, etc., is passed down by being spoken instead of written. The Literary Forms in Philippine Literature. Within the broader category of fiction are several sub-branches, such as poetry, humor, fables, science fiction, horrors, legends and fairy tales. African oral literature, like other forms of popular culture, is not merely folksy, domestic entertainment but a domain in which individuals in a variety of social roles are free to comment on power relations in society. Oral art as literature. The Nature and Kinds of Oral Literature 2. This article reviews a collection of problems associ­ ated with all forms of review: (a) defining the boundaries of the literature, (b) distinguishing studies from citations, (c) distin­ guishing literature from lore, (d) deciding which reporting venues -Helps the learner to improve their reading abilities as well as acquiring positive attitudes towards oral literature.-It also encourages people to appreciate people from different kinds of races or ethnic groups across the countries.-Plays a key role in building up of both the listeners and the readers in a gibe literature … Literature can be classified according to whether it is fiction or non-fiction and whether it is poetry or prose. Folktales serve Oral literature is a form of literature that is not written but instead is passed verbally from person to person. English Oral Literature Notes PDF Download (ORAL LITERATURE guide.pdf) CLICK HERE to get "English Oral Literature Notes PDF Download" on Whatsapp. their transmission, as well as by the particular forms of media prevalent at the time and place of their production. Oral Literature. Responding to literature, however, does not have to be intimidating if you read carefully and critically, 4 keeping your mind set on thinking about and analyzing the text, and if you Spell. ENGLISH LITERATURE ENGLIT 0066 INTRODUCTION TO SOCIAL LITERATURE 3 cr. Recent trends in African studies and the revival of interest in oral literature. Flashcards. Speculations and neglect in the twentieth century. Learn. Written literature and oral literature share similar characteristics, including the need to use heightened language and literary techniques such as alliteration, flashbacks, foreshadowing, narrative hooks and plot twists. To discuss it so, and in order to find a reliable answer to the rationale, two basic objectives are intentionally introduced: the first is to … In contrast to the common perception of European literature which generally refers only to written documents, African literature greatly involves and includes oral literature. Now, most oral texts have been written down, of course, and are usually taught in the form of epic poems or plays or folk tales. Today, as a result of the pioneering works of scholars like Finnegan, Okpewho, Tala, ... Folklore manifests itself in many oral and verbal forms (mentifacts), in kinesiological forms (customary behaviour or … ENGLIT 0070 CERVANTES IN ENGLISH 3 cr. Literature is basically divided into fiction and non- fiction literature . Beowulf and Oral Epic Tradition 5. Oral literature is the repository of the critical knowledge, philosophy, and wisdom for non-literate societies. Examples of traditional literature are divination text, drum language, poem, appellation, tales, songs, riddles, proverbs, myths and legends. Folklore is a traditional story that has been generating interest since ancient times. 2. Chants and rituals are also forms of oral literature because of the provocative powers of the spoken word, especially when coupled with historical facts. These are far from the only important genres of literature. The diversity and richness of Philippine literature evolved side by side with the country's history. In recent centuries, the definition has expanded to include oral literature, much of which has been transcribed. Once again, notes for an English Test. Match. Written literature exists in many forms, but it's commonly expressed in the form of poems, short stories and novels. 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