Oral presentations provide teachers with a learner- centered activity that can be used in the language classroom as an effective tool for ... All content in this area was uploaded by Gavin Brooks on Apr 05, 2018, communicative competence. Having observed students present in my classes and in other subjects too, I’ve compiled a number of tips that I now give to my students, each time they present to their peers, to … So, if you're looking for some public speaking motivation,take a look at this list of ways the public speaking can help you: The participants were 30 second grade students which consists of 15 male and 15 female students from one of private university in Ciamis. More specifically, the objectives were to investigate the communication tasks prioritized by science graduate students, their communication needs and difficulties, as well as the help they would need through communication skills courses at the university. Besides, it is also ideal from the point of view of skills integration, as preparing for and delivering their talks students use all four language skills in a naturally integrated way (King, 2002). university students are given the opportunity to do oral presentations in their L2 classes (Tsou & Huang, 2012). set aside for teaching grammar, language, Academy of Educational Leadership Journal, Kansai University of Foreign Language Education. Since 1989, the Japanese Ministry of Education, Culture, Sports, Science, and Technology (MEXT) has attempted to promote higher achievement in English communicative skills among secondary school students by urging teachers to use communicative activities. They require the use of all four language skills. Finally, it is expected that class-oral presentations make the students feel anxious but still could handle their speaking anxiety with several strategies. ?��R��";n�5/�������:�ɐ,���#-K��7�@�$�G�!�BE C"� �&B��!B�$��dьH���DFP ���$2��p/�WZ��ZB�&�hhKTtD���0� ����Drn��D�H�ϟ� [g�d/,~��W�|9D?�h�I/F�(��=,�LʸD�/����Q���o:s�*N���b��{Q��^�O/:�����ǒ����jo|ωr>�ǽ�^oFǃ�Y\�%Q����K�?�IDT�m��M��e���l/���(խʈr�\��!��uaA�$�N����%a���ӧ��׍f���n�Xش$�Tto.l��+a�Z�r*8��u�*H�E>;�g�; ���1xf�ZG��en���U|oi�����⤟'��*�����e�N�W�t���+:)��w �0�=G#�M�l�,�?�N����c��8O�2IW�G���"�}���(wqh���5������D����u����� ������mN�~���]��Y�{��t��[email protected]�^�h����c��(�pv6�[w: �Hx{�͛@5�RZ�@In��A(�%(8�,l��O�Onl���Cܢ�9�.`[�@x $��H-���#��G�m�������Ɂ2����-�"�lB�#(��2�1������]ŊU� ��G���!�(�l�D� �"��`�G{�� p3™��n&�X��� [�D%�� G�L�Y2�,]����� BӰr3���x2���*!|��������:�F��u�Z�����y���\?-�}���)=`m���0��K�Â~/a6I���~���(��evk?��m6k{���ha�}/� ��������N���Z}P�8�܁�Pb�W�Pj(9��:���Vz3�h���T��^ԛ/@0�3M���s�S�ʑwG��iye�yǎ���o�=��w����Q[D�w1r�h��A�nF��Jտ���p������6v�x�n�=A������U�J����w���}��s���9���Ƽf��T����3 ��?�-ul΢���v�x����ts.��ǵ��:��F�O�왯��Ʉh����P��v��O��y*�h�8�ӂ��k )F�V�R�Zϝ!iZ����Q�� �n The results indicate that students seem to benefit from peer-evaluations through more active engagement in class presentations. The needs of graduate students can vary depending on their educational backgrounds and English language proficiency and as such, it is important to, This paper reports the testing and retesting two years later of 147 first‐year medical students for English language proficiency (ELP). There have been several studies on discourse competence as the part of communicative competence. Observation and in-depth interviews reveal that there are four main speaking activities used to support students’ speaking development. The main purpose of an oral presentation is to present subject content in an organized, concise and effective manner to a live audience. By nanou48 a guide to help students create an oral presentation about an English speaking country 346 Downloads . %%EOF It’s been shown that people have a better chance at understanding and retaining information when they can see it. Retrieved from http:// insights-into-tefl.blogspot.com/2007/07. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Students get used to speaking in front of other people and the teacher can assess their oral ... 700 Downloads . A number of investigatory methods were utilized: observational notes, pre- and post-study questionnaires, and semi-structured interviews. Teachers have a big challenged to constantly think up ways to keep students entertained while they learn. Taking the floor: Oral presentations. In order to help better understand the vocabulary used in oral presentations, 22 impromptu and prepared presentations from 11 first-year students were analyzed for lexical diversity using three different measures. They provide students with realistic language tasks. Moreover, the results for the second research question revealed that strategies used by students do to handle their speaking anxiety in class-oral presentations as follows. Those with higher proficiency aspire to master a repertoire of academic genres and higher-order language skills whereas those with lower proficiency require more help with lower-order language skills as well as more peer and professor support. 38 0 obj <> endobj BENEFITS OF ORAL PRESENTATION REPORTER : MAGALLANES, CHRISTIAN M. II-COM 2. This exploratory study investigates Japanese teachers' beliefs and practices regarding communicative language teaching (CLT) in their classrooms through a survey of 21 secondary school teachers. By making students aware of basic points, types, characteristics and styles of scientific and technical communication, the paper is to serve as a starting point in an attempt to make them expand and perfect their oral presentation skills. It is the transfer of information verbally or by word of mouth. Presentations have many benefits, including improving public speaking skills and using higher order thinking. �P��";0��$�������q��Q �� Introducing students to the genre of oral presentations is an effective means of moti-vating them to communicate in the target language of English and teaches lifelong skills that can also extend beyond the educational setting and into a professional context after gradua-tion. Additional findings signaled students’ preference for teacher feedback over peer feedback. Some noteworthy pedagogical implications and recommendations for future studies were drawn. It is a learner-centred/student-lead activity (King, 2002), which gives learners the opportunity to speak for an extended period of time (Koch & Terrell, 1991). four language skills; writing, reading, speaking, The final benefit of using oral presentations, The reason for many of the problems associated with using oral, are not taught the skills that they lack, they will not, Since oral presentations involve multiple communication, These micro level skills include the genre specific language items, such. the difficulty of the presentations being assigned, oral presentations. It discusses issues and proposes ideas concerning the advantages of presentations, types of presentations, ways of arranging presentations in the classroom, possible topics of presentations and sources of data and information obtained for the different topics, and ways of assessing presentations in the EFL classroom. According to Girard & Trapp (2011) the potential benefits of students’ oral presentations include: greater class interaction and participation, increased interest in learning, new perspectives not covered otherwise, improvement in communication and presentation skills. Powtoon. When delivering an oral presentation, certain challenges require ingenious techniques to engage into an impromptu interaction with the audience members. DEFINITION OF ORAL PRESENTATION is one of the best platforms where non verbal cues are combined with effective verbal skills adding a broader aspect to your communication. Arguments in favor of trying the method as a learning tool for writing and for verbal communication were: In a pilot study a conceptual framework has been used to illustrate our starting point. Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. %PDF-1.5 %���� Oral presentations are becoming an important part of language teaching, especially in the university environment. 2 Pressures and problems of giving presentations 3 Benefits of student presentations 4 Examples of student presentations 1 Purposes of student presentations There are many reasons why students are asked to give presentations and these will be influenced by your academic course and situational and organizational factors. All rights reserved. “I Feel Nervous and Lose My Ideas When Having Presentation”: Mapping Senior Students’ Challenges in Academic Oral Presentation in English, European Journal of Foreign Language Teaching 'UNDER THE MAGNIFYING GLASS': STUDENTS' PERSPECTIVES ON ORAL PRESENTATIONS AND ANXIETY IN THE EFL CLASSROOM, Vocabulary Usage in Second Language Presentations, Supporting the speaking development of students in a Swahili-as-a-foreign-language (SFL) classroom, The Impact of English EFL Technology PowerPoint in Learning Speaking for English Pre-Service Teacher, Higher Intermediate Students’ Discourse Competence in Presenting Final Project, The Principles of Language Learning and Teaching in Communication Skill Developments, EFL MALE AND FEMALE STUDENTS’ PERCEPTION ON SPEAKING ANXIETY IN CLASS-ORAL PRESENTATIONS, Improving Nursing Student’s Speaking Ability Through Information Gap, Oral Report Activities at STIKES Merchubakti Jaya. Besides, it is suggested for further teachers to find out some technique to improve their ability in teaching English and must consider the aspect of students’ psychology such as anxiety and motivation when they teach. Professional Communications Projects - Learn more about this teaching method, which asks students to effectively communicate scientific information in a genre that professional scientists are expected to master, such as with scientific posters, conference proposals or oral presentations. The main purpose of giving a presentation at university is to demonstrate how you can communicate your research in an engaging and interesting way. These strategies are more than a therapy, because they do not only improve Business Communication skills of the presenter, but also improve the skills with a new form that enhances the career of the presenter. What is more, they practice their language skills in an authentic manner (i.e. Through the process of preparing for an oral presentation, students can develop their ability to synthesise information and present to an audience. Thus, a student's presentation in the classroom becomes an important element in delivering positive learning experiences. According to, ... 513). This paper aims at presenting the specifics of designing oral presentations for university students. Mostpeople don't think much about the benefits of public speaking. Here, direct selling is. This study examines students' perceptions of how class presentations and peer-evaluations contribute to their learning and skill-building, and whether their perceptions significantly differ by gender. After detailing the assessment criteria, the paper concludes with an evaluation of the activity and suggestions for future refinements in both procedure and grading. For both directions, the author of this text, an ESP lecturer and syllabus designer, concludes from her own teaching experience that teaching presentations is a necessity if students are to perform well both in professional and academic settings. “The short-term positive impact identified right after students took a business communication course (oral presentations) is significantly higher statistically than the long-term impact after a 2-year period” (Zhao, 2004). Keywords: speaking anxiety, gender, perception, class-oral presentations. Afterwarrds, the writer set forth two research questions: (1) What are the perceptions of EFL male and female students about speaking anxiety in class-oral presentations? This topic lends itself well to persuasive speeches but can also be informative depending on the specific issue and how you angle it. Oral presentations can significantly enhance students' oral proficiency in regional EFL milieus (Al-Issa & Al-Qubtan, 2010). Explain the various principles for successful business presentations orally. endstream endobj 39 0 obj <> endobj 40 0 obj <> endobj 41 0 obj <>stream 7. The results show that in order to employ CLT in their classrooms, teachers feel that a change in classroom conditions is a prerequisite. The current study investigated the effectiveness of providing 36 L2 Bahraini university students with teacher- and peer-formative feedback on the summative assessment of their oral presentation skills. AN EXPLORATORY STUDY OF CLASS PRESENTATIONS AND PEER EVALUATIONS: DO STUDENTS PERCEIVE THE BENEFITS? ... Other studies also prove that oral presentation could help bridge the gap between language study and its use in that learners are required to use all four language skills in a naturally integrated way [5]. The other activities that the teachers mentioned they used in the classrooms were discussions, presentations, and games. proficiency, and is the language anxiety a stable factor? The hallmark of a good student communicator is that he has mastered the art of preparing, organizing and delivering successful oral presentations. Presentations can be saved in the cloud and accessible to users anywhere. Theoretically, by situating the activity within the currently accepted EFL approach known as Communicative Language Teaching (CLT), realized methodologically by Task-Based-Language-Teaching (TBLT), the author will examine some of the widely recognized compo-nents such as: goals, input data and assessment procedures, while also contextualizing the classroom practice. Interested in research on English Language? An outline of the aims and procedure is followed by a discussion of issues connected with managing such activities in large classes, with particular focus on the difficulties of subjective grading. The second, making the atmosphere more cheerful. In many ways presentations tell a story. Giving insights into participants' views on the gains and pains of oral presentations the study has important implications for foreign language teachers. In order to delineate ways to help this small local change lead to real English education reform in Japan, a comprehensive investigation of the beliefs of a larger number of language teachers is necessary. The term oral communication simply refers to the type of communication that is done orally. h�bbd```b``��� �QD�*�ů�[email protected]$�/Xd'��L.���g�Un�b`���69 �f7�m"Uv�H�#`�8)"}Aj-����G��.� Start with a question about animal issues and then prepare your presentation to answer that question. were NESB, were close to the test ceiling on both occasions with an age equivalence of 33 years. The material for measuring language anxiety is a questionnaire and the material for measuring English proficiency a dictation. This article discusses theoretical and practical aspects pertaining to oral presentations in the EFL context. if��t�M�f���jʇ���&��s~�.rv�b0Fp�N��DzH� N��҂ �XW�&bq. Oral presentations can significantly enhance students' oral proficiency in regional EFL milieus (Al-Issa & Al-Qubtan, 2010). Implementing oral communication classes in upper secondary schools: a case study, The Big Five personality traits and foreign language speaking confidence among Japanese EFL students, Japanese Secondary School Teachers' Beliefs and Practices Regarding Communicative Language Teaching: An Exploratory Survey, Teaching Presentation Skills for Communicative Purposes, Taking the Floor: Oral Presentations in EFL Classrooms, Implications for Effective Ways of Conducting and Assessing Presentations in EFL Classes, The Importance Of Oral Presentations For University Students, Preparing EFL Learners for Oral Presentations Preparing EFL Learners for Oral Presentations, Assessing Oral Communication: Poster Presentations, Language Anxiety as a Predictor for English Proficiency and its Change, Communication Needs of Science Graduate Students. The findings suggest that the needs of the students vary depending on their proficiency in English. This research was prompted by a perceived conflict between the pedagogical implications of research into anxiety in the context of second language (L2) learning and some of the instructional practices employed in language classrooms. regarding communicative language teaching: . The third, well prepare. With the help of presentations, this is highly possible. 84 0 obj <>stream Teaching students to design effective oral presentations has also been found to support thinking development as “the quality of presentation actually improves the quality of thought, and vice versa” (Živković, 2014, p. 474). If you are an animal lover, you might consider persuasive speech topics that explore some issues related to domestic or wild animals. Rather, the quality or the nature of student presentations, as opposed to teacher presentations, may be found wanting. This research found the mutability of language anxiety but failed to find the relationship between the anxiety and the proficiency. Rather, a majority of work has focused on grammar. Powtoon is another online presentation software that allows users to create animated videos and presentations to capture students’ attention and increase engagement. endstream endobj startxref In addition to the heightened spoken component, oral presentations often require proper preparation and practice and part of this include researching the topic and reading relevant literature in the target language and possibly watching other presentations, and accordingly increase and enhance the linguistic input and oral and written output. This will be a fact of daily life within the nursing profession. Students will present from a podium or lectern and a laptop and projector will be provided. 64 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<3CB7E452D74A099CA174389E4BE4B79F><3C883C463365C74E9755F0682C237F60>]/Index[38 47]/Info 37 0 R/Length 121/Prev 125035/Root 39 0 R/Size 85/Type/XRef/W[1 3 1]>>stream Benefits. A comparison group of 81, randomly drawn from those who were of adequate ELP, 48% of whom. While oral presentations are an important part of many university classes, because of the time and effort needed to transcribe spoken presentations for analysis, presentations are an underrepresented area of research. Power-point presentations could be used for presenting new structures to students, practicing and drilling, or for reviewing language structures which have already been taught (Segundo & Salazar, 2011). Giving oral presentation is one of the required skills that each student of the English Teacher Education program should master. This study employed qualitative strategies by using case study. Therefore, oral presentations are not enough. Using focus-group interviews, this study was conducted to examine the communication needs of local and international graduate students at a university in Singapore. This paper explored the role of students' presentation in the classroom from students and instructors' perspectives. Not only does it allow L2 learners to use their language to communicate with others, but it also enhances their language skills and learners' autonomy. oZcT�$��r\���޽�V9���CFs�V�?�;�mZ��|Kj4�w�|�S۸�]���#V�7ucy0A(� Oral presentation. It examines learner anxiety in relation to a frequently used classroom activity: the oral presentation. endstream endobj 42 0 obj <>stream Topics for oral presentations in the class. Japan is no exception to this. No consistent patterns of variance in perceptions of presentations and peer-evaluations were found between males and females at both universities as well as across universities, suggesting that class presentations and peer-evaluations are equally beneficial for all students regardless of their gender and/or university they are at. h޴�mo�6�� �1����a�S�`��������'�iђ`�;��O ��o�iF �Ē�ϣ |FA� K�P8 MEXT has also undertaken to achieve this goal by executing a 5-year Action Plan. 0 (2) What are the strategies of EFL male and female students do to handle their speaking anxiety in class-oral presentations?. The data were collected from marketing students at two universities in the United States. To elicit an in depth account of their perceptions of and feelings about presenting their talks, they were invited to reflect upon their experiences in more detail, answering a set of open-ended questions within 24 hours. Despite the popularity and importance of oral presentations, presenting in front of others can be very cognitively demanding and many learners may lack the core fluency needed to give effective oral presentations (Jordan, 1997). Also it has been revealed that classroom oral presentations have a great impact on developing students’ communicative competence, the latter is regarded as crucial for their academic and professional success. Practice with oral presentations enables students to develop the ability to understand process and explain key topics. But there areactually quite a few advantages of public speaking. Benefits of oral presentation 1. Oral Presentations. This shows that just having students learn vocabulary may not be enough; teachers also need to take the time to teach their students how to make their academic presentations more lexically diverse. Practice talking in public helps to facilitate student learning, but it also builds skills that will one day be required at work. Many university students in Japan have only a limited amount of exposure to spoken English prior to entering university. However, for these students to succeed in the university environment, and in their future jobs, it is necessary for them to be able to express their ideas clearly in spoken English. The first, trying to be confident. Oral communication includes real-time presentations, video presentations and interviews, with accompanying visual aids such as handouts and power-points. Presentation: Map of thoughts. Secondly, there is a determined effort to build learners' confidence and to motivate them to assume personal responsibility for their further progress after completion of the course. The results also show that CLT is begin-ning to be employed at the local level. they are giving the presentation itself. To examine students' affective responses to this experience, data were collected in two phases. benefits and the usefulness of doing oral presentations as a learning activity. Two situations where oral communication is better than written communication: The first is when a seller is trying to sell products to a potential customer. Based on participants' self-ratings of anxiety and overall feelings during the talk and their post-presentation reflections, the paper explores how anxiety-provoking it is for students to give an L2 classroom presentation, what the specific sources of anxiety over oral presentations are, and how important a role anxiety plays in shaping learners' subjective experience of delivering a speech in the target language. While there was a positive relationship between vocabulary knowledge and lexical diversity for all of the presentations, it was only statistically significant (τ = .55, p = .004 and τ = .40, p = .046) for the impromptu presentations. Students' success is in the university environment and their future jobs require them to be able to express their ideas clearly in spoken English, ... An oral presentation is beneficial in many ways, especially when used in the classroom. Dynamics of Oral Communication . . Oral Presentation Strategies can help a professional decrease the fear of speaking in public or in front of a few listeners. Teaching students to design effective oral presentations presupposes two goals, namely, enabling students to function successfully in the future professional surrounding, and preparing them for their possible further academic career. An additional 3-5 minute discussion period will follow each presentation for the judge and audience to ask questions. Since oral presentations involve multi- skills, a carefully planned and constructed guideline will help develop students' receptiveness to oral presentations. The lexical diversity of these presentations was then correlated to a measure of the participants’ vocabulary knowledge. Although the students referred to are Engineering majors, the format is suitable for students in a wide range of disciplines. It allows individuals to present their thoughts and views confidently in-front of a live audience. They have value outside the language classroom. Suggestions for Effective Student Presentations • Teach oral presentations skills and start early in the academic term. However, the discussion also has implications for non-EFL contexts, including ESL, content-based language learning, and learning languages other than English. This paper outlines some of the benefits, presentation. conduct a needs analysis to ensure that these courses cater to the needs of both proficient and less-proficient speakers of English. 1.1 The benefits of using oral presentations in the language classroom Numerous researchers have shown the benefits of using oral presentations in the classroom. ... oral presentations. This study found that students generally perceive that class presentations contribute to their learning and skill-building. — Dr Anneke Veenstra. They love to get in front of each other and share (about any and everything) but this would give them a chance to share while keeping it aligned to curriculum. Oral presentations will be ten (10) minutes in length. To have a quick survey of their immediate reactions, right after their talk participants were requested to rate on ten-point rating scales (1) how pleasant/unpleasant they felt during the presentation and (2) how much anxiety they experienced. Can Teacher and Peer Formative Feedback Enhance L2 University Students’ Oral Presentation Skills? Till date, the development of students’ language skills in a Swahili-as-a-foreign-language (SFL) context has not been thoroughly investigated. Benefits of Oral Presentation Oral Presentation is one of the best platforms where non verbal cues are combined with effective verbal skills adding a broader aspect to your communication. This paper describes a departure from traditional end of term testing for EFL learners in a Japanese University towards a more motivating, skills-based approach, in which students are required to design and give an oral presentation using a visual aid. Oral Presentations for First Grade Giveaway. Despite the obvious benefits of using oral presentations in the classroom, very few EFL students are given the opportunity to use guided oral presentations in their classes (Tsou & Huang, 2012). V��H'�?��w sJp Asking students to do presentations on various topics Grading the student presentations on the effective elements of a good presentation To unlock this lesson you must be a Study.com Member. Findings revealed a positive impact of receiving formative feedback from the teachers and peers on the enhancement of the subjects’ oral presentation skills, their perceptions of their oral abilities and their attitudes toward giving oral presentations in addition to the enhanced performance in their summative assessment. © 2014, Mediterranean Center of Social and Educational Research. This paper examines the activities that are used in an elementary SFL classroom at an American University to support the speaking development of students. Generalisation to other courses and samples may be limited but this study did not indicate great linguistic gains associated with mainstream studies for those whose English was poor at the beginning of their course. Consider some of the topic ideas below or put your own spin on one of th… The findings highlight the importance of purposefully selecting speaking activities to support the speaking development of students in a SFL classroom. Group Presentations, Panel Discussions, and Debates are effective techniques for teaching students how to collaborate on a project and how to handle the various aspects of group presentations (e.g., transitioning into the next speaker’s topic, connecting one’s … The results for the first research question found that male and female students always felt anxiety if they should present a presentation at class and that anxiety was caused by some factors such as anxiety because of their selves, other students and their teachers. Oral presentations follow a common structure – regardless of your discipline area. Introduction At Kansai University the English Communication 1 program has two primary objectives: the first is to actively develop students' ability to communicate in a socially appropriate manner. The participants were Hungarian university EFL students' (N=39), who, as part of their course requirements, were asked to give a 5-10 minute classroom presentation in one of their regular language development classes. It has been examined the importance of designing an effective oral presentations at the university level. h�b```f``�g`e`�`[email protected] A�(� Some common examples of oral communication include the following: meetings, telephone calls, lectures, oral presentations, interviews, oral briefing, public address, discussions, etc. These included such skills, (2010). Facilitating effective oral presentations enhances students' language and communication skills through practice, autonomy, motivation, and interaction. The purpose of having students make oral and visual presentations to the entire class, versus submission of assignments only to the instructor, or only to one peer, was to demonstrate and evaluate the benefits of such presentations.