Annual FVRCP booster shots, usually given with feline leukemia (FeLv) and rabies boosters, help the cat's immune system remain ready to respond to a disease. These diseases are airborne, so every cat needs to be vaccinated against them. Cat vaccinations can get confusing. FVRCP: The reason for the controversy boils down to one word: It’s a tumor of the connective tissues that are created from where your vet injects your cat. Vaccinations protect your cat against a range of infectious diseases, some of which can be fatal and others which can have a long-term impact on their health. So, because they’re older and indoor, they aren’t at as much risk for panleukopenia or feline leukemia. I imagine that since you’re here, you likely own a cat — or two! Unfortunately, it’s a common misconception that indoor cats don’t need to be vaccinated because they won’t encounter other cats or disease-carrying animals. Below is a breakdown: (Rabies right, leukemia left ). Stress and crowded shelters are the perfect recipe for making your cat more susceptible to catching something before you pick them up. Frankly, it’s not worth the risk of allergic reaction, vaccine-induced sarcoma or immune diseases. Even vaccinations are not a guarantee that your cat won’t catch anything in a shelter but they do reduce the risk. They were fine. Your indoor cat is at a very low risk of contracting rabies but your local jurisdiction may require a current rabies vaccine certification. If vaccinations are not kept up to date, immunity may wane and indoor cats will not have protection if they do become exposed. Vaccination doesn’tannihilatethe virus — feline herpesvirus is the gift that keeps on … Kittens should receive this shot at 6-8 weeks because they are very vulnerable to calicivirus and distemper. The vaccination status of the other cats was unknown. Do I need to get my tabby, Piper, vaccinated for feline leukemia if she never goes outside?--H.R., Washington, D.C. Indoor cats are at risk of feline distemper and may become sick if they aren’t vaccinated. An example of a core vaccine is the rabies vaccine. The AAFP Advisory Panel, however, recommends that the following “core” vaccines for cats be: Should rabies be included as a core vaccine? Many cats pick up distemper in a shelter, kennel, or even at the groomer. How are injection-site sarcomas diagnosed? When deciding which vaccines to give your indoor cat, you should consider their general health and overall risk, including whether they may escape, need to stay at a boarding facility while you travel, or even go to a groomer. While the core vaccines — parvo, distemper, adenovirus and most types of rabies vaccines — have been shown to be protective for a minimum of three years (and, in some cases, for seven or more years), noncore, or optional, vaccines for bacterial diseases such as bordetella or leptospirosis don’t provide long-term immunity and may need to be administered annually if your pet is at risk for those diseases. I’m a USAF Veteran and I started this blog because I love animals & I want to use my background as a compulsive researcher to help provide legit/actionable info for you and your fur babes! Not to be super detailed but this basically entails that the removal of the tumor to be “wide and deep”, because ss the tumors grow by sending root type pathways of tumor cells within the tissues. Do older cats need vaccinations? They need to be given at the lowest part of the limb as possible. Below are “suggestions” that people most commonly get their cats vaccinated for: This disease is fatal for all mammals, including humans. Not only are there different schedules and needed vaccines for cats and kittens, but there are also some extra vaccines for different lifestyles. It’ll be up to you, your consultation with your vet and your comfort level to decide how you want to handle vaccines for your older indoor cats. The combination vaccine for parvo and distemper may begin with puppies as young as six weeks of age, while the combination of all four vaccines is … Sometimes, on rare occasions, a cat won’t respond… even if they keep getting the vaccine. For your totally indoor cats, I recommend the FVRCP and the rabies vaccine. FeLV is the most common cause of viral deaths in cats and it can be spread through the milk, feces, urine, saliva, and nasal secretions of infected cats. Disclaimer: is for general informational purposes only and is provided without warranty or guarantee of any kind. While your indoor cat may be at no risk of getting FeLV or bordetella right now, it’s still a good idea to consider the future. Again these are just guidelines, please see you vet to determine what your cat needs. Your email address will not be published. If your cat is picked up by animal control, they may spend at least a night in an animal shelter. For me, the most important list of vaccines for indoor cats are: Understand, the best way to know what vaccines your cats may need, and the frequency is to do a consultation with your vet to look into your situation. Kissin’ Kittens: Do Cats Like to Be Kissed? Cat Veteran is a participant in the Amazon Services LLC Associates Program, an affiliate advertising program designed to provide a means for us to earn fees by linking to and affiliated sites.” *Amazon and the Amazon logo are trademarks of, Inc., or its affiliates. So, if anything happens, a leg or tail can be amputated. ★ THE PERFECT BRUSH TO GET ALL NASTY MATS... ★ GET RID OF MATS WITHOUT HURTING HER - The... ★ COMFORTABLE, STRONG, AND DURABLE- Our... feline distemper (formerly feline panleukopenia virus). Chlamydophila felis – should only be considered in situations where the need can be substantiated through testing. I’m Toki, I’m the owner/editor of Cat Veteran. Vaccinate with a one-time PureVax (NON-adjuvanted) is a good way to go. Cats that are purebred or longhaired are also at a higher risk of infection. The third component protects against Panleukopenia (the Feline Distemper virus). If you missed our Q&A do keep an eye out on our Facebook page for future Q&As. We go to great lengths to help users better understand their cats. Although you referred to these vaccines as yearly, some of these vaccines are not necessarily required annually. A more dangerous strain can also cause organ inflammation and death. I would say after the initial costs of $150 or more, your annual costs (depending on your situation) would be $60 or more. Talk to your local veterinarian about appropriate timing intervals between vaccinations. Your vet can advise which vaccinations your cat or kitten will need to help protect them from infectious diseases. You may move to a new area where you feel comfortable letting your cat explore outdoors, for example, or your cat may one day be living with another family that lets her outside. Again, this may not solve the issue as the tumor can grow back. The panel says that vaccinations shouldn’t be given on the upper legs or hips… AND between the shoulders. Do indoor cats need Fvrcp? This site uses cookies to provide you a better user experience: speaking of healthy, bone broth is great for cats! Some feel that this actually lasts for the life of your cat. Outdoor cats and kittens are another matter as they need more upfront vaccines. Indoor cats should be fully vaccinated and should be examined once a year. The virus can survive on indoor surfaces for more than a year, even at freezing temperatures. Even a few hours outside can be enough time for your cat to encounter a rabid animal, a stray cat with a disease, or be bitten by a mosquito or tick. They include: Chlamydia: A vaccine for this bacteria is often part of the FVRCP shot. Don't subscribe Risk of exposure to the disease in question, Prevalence of the disease in the environment. This bacterial infection causes upper respiratory infections and conjunctivitus in cats. Yes. A: Generally, all cats should be vaccinated against feline viral rhinotracheitis, calicivirus and panleukopenia. AAFP guidelines “suggest” vaccinating all kittens, though. Feline Calicivirus (FCV) This virus is similar to canine parvo virus and it’s very stable and opportunistic. [source]. A Shot at Prevention: What Vaccines Do Indoor Cats Need? Rabies is a fatal disease in all mammals, including humans. Here is what you should know about keeping your indoor cat safe with vaccinations, including which vaccines indoor cats need and which you can skip completely. We should be doing everything possible to protect them. This protects all animals in the boarding facility, including your cat. When researching vaccines for my cat, I came across “categories” of vaccines. Most importantly, if your cat gets bit and it’s been more than 1 month since its last rabies booster, your cat must be re-vaccinated. Kittens should be vaccinated for the feline leukemia virus, as well, but the need for continued vaccination in adult cats is assessed on a case-by-case basis. A vaccination is a preparation of microorganisms (pathogens), such as viruses or bacteria, that is administered to produce or increase immunity to a particular disease. Here's a link to our vaccination leaflet: Infectious disease and vaccinations. If a completely indoor cat is the sole feline, I generally do not recommend FELV vaccinations. If your cat goes to a groomer, it’s worth considering additional vaccinations. In that case, the indoor cat should be vaccinated for the same things as his or her housemate. The AAFP Advisory Panel recommends the list below for this category: The “noncore vaccines” are for cats in specific risk categories based on: „. This vaccine is not recommended for indoor or outdoor cats. All cats, even indoor felines who never go outdoors or interact with other cats, should still receive FVRCP shots. Benefits of giving the rabies vaccine depend on your home life and situation. According to the American Association of Feline Practitioners Vaccination Advisory Panel, indoor cats should always stay up-to-date on core vaccines. All cats that are outdoors in an enclosed yard and that do not wander off their owner’s property but could be exposed to rabid animals and to diseased cats do, of course, need … (except dental issues, but that’s another post). I’ve read that sometimes these issues are thought to be a vaccine reaction or granuloma on aspirates. About half of all cats with FeLV die from the disease within two years because it can cause anemia, cancer, and immune system suppression. It’s difficult for pet parents to understand their cat’s vaccination schedule—from which ones they need to how often they need … Do indoor cats need vaccinations? Cats with weakened immune systems, young cats and flat-faced cats (such as Persians) are especially prone to the disease. Indoor cats are unlikely to contract diseases like FELV, unless they live in a household with a cat that goes outdoors. Your cat doesn’t need to go outside to catch fleas and an indoor cat can still get heartworm disease from a mosquito that finds its way inside your warm home. I’ve listed these vaccines below for cats that aren’t suggested for my situation: The issue with getting vaccines for indoor cats is there isn’t a standard, straightforward answer. For most adult cats, even if they have access to the outdoors, at 1 yr old, they should have a strong natural immunity. Please don’t let your vet administer ANY vaccine (adjuvanted or non-adjuvanted) to the scruff of your cat. Depending on the cat’s environment, some vaccines are more necessary than others. This site is not intended to replace professional advice from your own veterinarian and nothing on this site is intended as a medical diagnosis or treatment. Bats, foxes, coyotes, raccoons, and skunks are all common carriers of rabies. There’s no easy answer for which vaccines an indoor cat does and does not need. Additionally, participates in various other affiliate programs, and we sometimes get a commission through purchases made through our links. — so helping you better understand them is my aim. All kittens should receive vaccines for rabies, upper respiratory infections, and distemper. 3 year: Merial’s PureVax rabies vaccine. The FVRCP vaccine has been shown to confer immunity for at least three years, so vaccinating your cats with this vaccine any more frequently is probably unnecessary. Vaccines that should be given to every cat regardless of circumstance are known as core vaccines. If an indoor cat escapes, it’s most likely to get rabies from a bat, especially if the cat hunts and bites the bat. Do outdoor cats need shots? Feline Rhinotracheitis Virus/Herpesvirus 1 (FVR/FHV-1) Even if your cat has spent its entire adult life in your home, don’t overlook the possibility that they have a latent disease. By the time she reaches eight weeks old, your kitten should see the veterinarian to begin a series of vaccinations. For this question, there is no simple answer. The infection is most common in cats who are physically or emotionally stressed and cats with weakened immune systems. Replies to my comments The bad news? Virtually every cat comes in contact with this widespread virus at some point through the secretions of infected animals or from someone who handled an infected cat. In my world of raising 4 cats, I always went with what my veterinarian recommended when it came to vaccines. The lifestyle of the cat’s owner (take in foster or stray cats? Below is a chart with vaccines and costs for your cats and kittens: Petco vaccinations – PetSmart vaccinations, Your email address will not be published. Do I still need to vaccinate her against rabies? Vaccination won’t stop FHV but it does keep the virus under control and prevent flare-ups. They’ll need the feline distemper vaccine and rabies. For more information, please read our privacy policy. The FVRCP is the most important vaccine kittens receive. At the very least, it’s important for kittens to receive a full series of vaccines, which should be followed by a one-year booster, to guard against the following: Even if your cat remains indoors with limited outside contact, the AAFP recommends continuing boosters for panleukopenia, feline herpesvirus, and calicivirus every 3 years because these diseases can spread even without direct cat-to-cat contact. All The Bordetella vaccine is often recommended for cats that go to groomers or kennels because the infection can spread easily if multiple cats are in an enclosed area. Cats are amazing! These are just a very difficult thing to treat. Staying current on vaccinations can keep your cat safe if their lifestyle ever changes. If you missed our Q&A do keep an eye out on our Facebook page for future Q&As. Cat’s vaccines cost? This contagious disease is one of the primary causes of upper respiratory infections in cats and it can cause eye problems, sneezing, lethargy, sores in the mouth, lameness, and pneumonia. Feline … This gives them a better idea to give you a well round plan for your cats. These are important questions to ask yourself before you completely write off the idea of most vaccines. What if your cat was already exposed to the feline herpesvirus as a kitten or you decide to let your cat roam outdoors in the future? When a vaccinated cat encounters these agents in the future, it rapidly generates antibodies and activates the cells that recognize the agents, producing an immune response that results in the elimination of the invading agent. Note: Cats that have been treated for an injection-site sarcoma should not receive any future vaccinations. Same rules apply here for kittens, I wouldn’t vaccinate a kitten unless you are going to let them outside (not really a safe for these little ones) or in contact with a FeLV positive cat/kitten. Feline distemper is a very contagious and dangerous virus that can cause diarrhea, appetite loss, vomiting, fever, and even death in cats, especially kittens. If you have an outdoor only or an indoor/outdoor cat, then they will need shots as well. Pets are as likely to catch something while they’re boarded as they are in an animal shelter. If your cat already has the latent virus, staying up-to-date on vaccinations can prevent flare-ups that can lead to eye problems and serious respiratory problems. Thank you for this article. Injection sites for these are normally located between your cat’s shoulder blades, their back legs and in their hip area. Creatures of Habitat: Where Do Cats Live? This led me to rethink if they really needed these vaccines every year. Rabies is a deadly virus that can be spread through the bite of an infected animal or an infected animal’s saliva in an open wound. Vaccines are an important part of keeping your cat healthy. The AAFP thinks you should vaccinate your cats with the following due to your location: In lieu of Sarcomas, there are certain areas that cats are now administered their vaccines. DOI studies (Duration of Immunity) for the vaccine: From two separate studies, the panleukopenia vaccine shows that the immunity lasts for at least 7.5 years. It may be recommended if you have multiple cats. Bordetella bronchiseptica – a bacterial respiratory infection. Mainly, in rare situations, it’s recommended that adult cats get this vaccine if he/she would be near/contact a positive FeLV cat. However, there is no evidence that annual booster vaccination is anything but beneficial to the majority of cats. The best way to stay on schedule with vaccinations for your dog or cat is to follow the recommendations of a veterinarian you trust.. The Merial’s PureVax rabies vaccine, non-adjuvated, is available… but know that sarcomas still happens with these so keep an eye on the frequency you give to your cat. Leukemia vaccine: not so much for indoor cats but for outdoor. It’s important to keep your cat’s vaccinations up-to-date to make sure they stay protected throughout their life. Your email address will not be published. Many suggest doing this upfront after the surgery to prevent a regrowth. You can also subscribe without commenting. Thirty-two of the cats had no history of rabies vaccinations while one cat had an up to date rabies vaccination. There isn’t enough evidence that FIP can spread easily between cats and studies show that FIP vaccination is not very effective. What happens if you need to go on a trip or stay in a hospital but there’s no one to take care of your cat? To be safe, a 1-year booster shot is a smart choice but a 3-year shot may be acceptable if your cat is low-risk. Fulfilling the Stereotype: Why Do Cats Loaf? Records also don’t show whether the cats were indoor-only cats, outside cats, domesticated, or feral cats. Most vaccinated cats receive two separate vaccines which the American Association of Feline Practitioners has designated core vaccines: a rabies vaccine and a trivalent vaccine against feline herpes virus, panleukopenia virus and calicivirus also known as FVRCP. There can be no disputing that vaccines save lives but they also have the potential to cause serious side effects which will be discussed on this webpage.Before we get started on this discussion, it is important to understand that there is no single vaccine protocol t… Some indoor cats have no interest in going outside but others will happily take advantage of an opportunity to slip outdoors. FVRCP – Feline Viral Rhinotracheitis (herpes), Calici, Panleukopenia (feline distemper) every 3 years The FVRCP vaccine is important for all cats, including indoor cats, because it protects against three viruses that are airborne and spread without cat-to-cat contact. This virus can be contracted in utero or from a shelter if you adopted your cat. Cats are commonly vaccinated against: Cat flu (feline herpes virus and feline calicivirus) Feline infectious enteritis. The cost for vaccines can vary within each clinic or hospital and they can change. Feline leukaemia virus. Here's a link to our vaccination leaflet: Infectious disease and vaccinations. Most vets recommend adult cats receive an annual FVRCP booster shot while others recommend the booster shot every 3 years. Proven effective and Manufactured in the USA. One protects against feline leukemia, or FeLV. What Vaccines do Cats Need? FCV does not require direct cat-to-cat contact; it can survive up to a month in the environment and on objects. This vaccine provides immunity against two separate upper respiratory diseases (Rhinotracheitis—the Feline Herpes virus, and Calici virus). So, it’s best to take the route that will be definitive. What if your cat accidentally gets out or even ends up in an animal shelter? Keep in mind you should reassess your cat’s need for these vaccines if you decide to let your cat outside, expose your cat to other pets, or your cat needs to stay in a kennel. It’s highly contagious and can be spread between cats (but not to people or dogs) through contact with discharge from the eyes, nose or mouth, or by sharing items such as litterboxes and feeding dishes. Most also need rabies vaccines. Many cats are already exposed to the feline herpesvirus (FHV) when they are very young. You never know what may happen in the future as moving to a new home, divorce, or a death can affect your cat’s lifestyle as well. My wife and I have been blessed with 4 purrfect cats (2 brothers seen above with my daughter) and we all live, pounce, and play in the Massachusetts wilderness. Your comfort level – we are emotional creatures, so when I decide to inject anything into the body of my own cats, I always feel if I’m doing the right thing or not. Recent research indicates that not all vaccines require yearly boosters. Feline Immunodeficiency Virus “feline AIDS” or FIV: this is an adjuvanted, ineffective vaccine because the test can’t tell the difference between a vaccinated or infected cat. If the indoor cat is the only feline in your home, is never boarded at a kennel, does not go outsid… An awesome vet sits down, takes the time to discuss your cat’s entire situation with you: Again, I have 4 indoor only cats that range from 11-13 years old. It used to be so easy: You took your dog or cat to your veterinarian once a year, your pet received the recommended vaccinations and whatever other things he or she might need, and you went on your way. Plus, other cats or pets that visit can easily bring illnesses with them. All the cat needs is a door left open a bit too long for them to squeeze out into the wide world. They need to cut out everything for a, what they call, “clean margin surgery”. Non-core vaccines are only given to cats if there is a genuine risk of exposure to the infection and if vaccination … If this were a yes-or-no question, the answer would be no. ), Rabies vaccines:  administer in the right rear leg, below the knee, FeLV vaccination: administer in the left rear leg, below the knee, Vaccines for respiratory viruses: below the right elbow. Vaccine properties (adjuvanted/non-adjuvanted). – problem with frequency because a sarcoma can develop. Start to really think about what vaccines your cat really needs for their own situation. You could have your vet vaccinate on lower limbs OR even into the tail of your cat. Absolutely. Although indoor cats may not spend their days exploring the great outdoors, contact with the outside world is still likely to happen. Keep the conversation going! The “core vaccines” are basically for all cats. Any questions about your animal’s health should be directed to your veterinarian. 1 year: PureVax rabies vaccine. If you hold a friend’s cat or pet a stray outside, you increase the odds of carrying distemper home to your indoor cat. After that, they’ll only need annual boosters. For rabies, I feel, they should get every three years… There is no justifiable reason to vaccinate outdoor cats anymore so.
2020 what vaccines do indoor cats need