Amaranth seeds contain important essential amino acids such as arginine, histidine, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, cystine, methionine, phenylalanine, threonine, tryptophan and valine. Similarly, amaranth oil provides cardiovascular protection in individuals suffering from hypertension (high blood pressure) and coronary heart disease. When consumed regularly and with moderation, amaranth seeds show cholesterol-lowering properties. Genus: Amaranthus. In an effort to explain the decrease in grain amaranth cultivation, fanciful myths have arisen. Contact Us – Disclaimer Cookies Policy – Privacy Policy. 2006. Engler and Prantl regarded the Amaranthaceae as primitive but Hutchinson, Takhtajan and Cronquist regard it as one of the advanced families of dicots. Amaranth is a reliable source of iron (more than 50% of the RDA of the mineral). maize), as well as in vegetables, orchards and grape vines. What is the reserve food material in red algae? The entire plant is used to make medicine. The second, third and fifth are especially appreciated for their seeds. The immediate objective of the AMARANTH: FUTURE-FOOD project is to provide the tools for an extensive and sustainable exploitation of amaranth. Amaranthus phylogeny Page 2 Abstract The genus Amaranthus consists of 50 to 70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. Share Your PDF File Amaranth grain is the tiny seeds of Amaranthus family plants used as an alternative food source to regular cereal grains such as rice and wheat. See below what are some of the most impressive properties and health benefits of amaranth: Rich in essential amino acids, amaranth promotes normal growth and development in children. There are two edible Amaranthus species commonly con-sumed in Taiwan, one is locally called white amaranth (2001a, 2001b), Mosyakin and Robertson (2003). (With Methods)| Industrial Microbiology, How is Cheese Made Step by Step: Principles, Production and Process, Enzyme Production and Purification: Extraction & Separation Methods | Industrial Microbiology, Fermentation of Olives: Process, Control, Problems, Abnormalities and Developments, The best answers are voted up and rise to the top. Bracteate, sessile or sub-sessile, bracteolate, bracteoles two, actinomorphic, hermaphrodite or unisexual hypogynous, small inconspicuous, green or variously coloured. Amaranth lacks gluten altogether. Despite the economic usefulness of Amaranthus cruentus L., the area under production is low in the tropics. Characters of Amaranthaceae 2. Amaranth is generally a tall plant with tinsel-like light green, orange, pink, red or purple flower heads that either shoot straight up in a flame-shape or cascade like heavy tentacles on a burdened stem. Traditional medicine recommends amaranth for disorders such as anemia or low red blood cells count, growth retardation in children (due to their good vitamin and mineral content), poor eyesight (amaranth leaves contain vitamin A), respiratory and ear infections, as well as recurrent colds. soil availability of N and P, amaranthus (Amaranthus cruentus L.) yield, and root growth after the initial application of the manures. Some monoecious species may have only a few staminate flowers in the inflorescence, so look carefully at the tips of the flower clusters to see if any are present. Overview Information Amaranth is a plant. Decoction of Aerua tomentosa is used to remove swellings. The flowers and seeds of Digera muricata (syn. Amaranth's use as an herbal medicine is derived mainly from its high content of vitamins and minerals. A. hybridus has been reported to be a highly nutritious herbage and a potentially valuable forage crop (Mugerwa and Bwabye, 1974). Plants with Promising Economic Value, performed in 1975, amaranth was elected from among 36 of the world’s most promising crops and identified as a major potential crop; since then, extensive MS 20130203 Submitted 02/12/2013, Accepted 04/25/2013. Usually five tepals, free or united, sometimes two or three (Amaranthus), dry membranous, valvate or twisted, sometime, hairy, green or coloured, persistent, inferior. The genus Amaranthus consists of 50 to 70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. Fiber indirectly lowers cholesterol levels by inhibiting the absorption of fat in the intestines. — Amaranthus (Amaranthus spp.) Cyperaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Chenopodiaceae: Characters, Distribution and Types, Asteraceae: Characters, Distribution and Types. Several amaranth species are useful as food crops and are grown both for their leaves and for their edible seeds, which are a nutritious pseudocereal (nongrass seeds used like cereal grains). Amaranth is about 13% quality protein or complete protein, containing all 9 essential amino acids. It is a serious weed of agriculture in southern New South Wales, and is typically a pest of crops, roadsides and waste areas in this region. What are the different sources of air pollution? In Europe, Amaranthus retroflexus is one of the ten weed species of greatest economic importance. Flowering is earliest and most abundant in areas with daylengths of 11–12 hours. Inefficiency of resource use and utilization in farming can seriously affect crop production and productivity. The studies on the uses, practice, and nutritional value of amaranth began in the 1970s, when researchers described it as a crop with a promising economic value (Sciences, 1984) and interest grew more when it was found to be a potential source of high-quality proteins and with outstanding nutritious components in the 1980s (Mlakar et al., 2010; Myers, 1996; Paredes … Bicarpellary, or tricarpellary; syncarpous, ovary superior, unilocular, usually one campylotropous ovule; basal placentation; style short or filiform; stigma 2 or 3. Amaranth grain has potential economic value as an alternative to present grain crops. It is a serious problem weed in several field crops (e.g. In this article we will discuss about:- 1. Brayulinea. Just remember to add 4 or 5 times more water than amaranth seeds when cooking them. Populations in the eastern United States are probably naturalized.It has also been introduced to Europe, Australia, and … The ideas i got from your website helped me lot in determining which areas have not been explored yet. Vegetable farming in urban and peri-urban areas has become popular in many African Countries [19]. Pigweeds (Amaranthus spp.) Before sharing your knowledge on this site, please read the following pages: 1. The economic threshold values were reduced by 0.01 to 0.06 plants m −2 … However, it does not constitute a treatment for any of the mentioned conditions. Amaranthus spinosus is widely distributed throughout the tropics and warm temperate regions of Asia from Japan to Indonesia to India, Bangladesh, the Pacific islands and Australia as a weed in cultivated as well as fallow lands11. Also, people with conditions such as wheat allergy, gluten sensitivity or intolerance or Coeliac disease who are also vegetarian or vegan may rely on pseudo-cereals such as amaranth (13 g), buckwheat (18 g) and quinoa (around 14 g) to supply them with good amounts of protein. Schinz divided the family into two sub-families and tribes as follows: Stamens four loculed or anthers dithecous, ovary 1 to 2 ovuled. The genus Amaranthus consists of 50-70 species and harbors several cultivated and weedy species of great economic importance. Gynoecium bicarpellary and syncarpous. First of all, the most important … Chaff flowered, common weed of waste places. Amaranthus bellardii Moq.. Amaranthus berchtholdii Moq.. Amaranthus catechu Moq.. Amaranthus caudatus Baker & Clarke, in Dyer. Amaranthus cruentus and A. frumentacea are raised as cereals by primitive tribes in Tropical Asia. Weed populations reduce the amount of fresh amaranth seeds, greens, stems or roots cultivated and weedy of! 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