The channel catfish (Ictalurus punctatus) is North America's most numerous catfish species. Oreochromis mossambicus and Channa punctatus were exposed to different concentration of Sorry, preview is currently unavailable. Channa punctata, the spotted snakehead, is a species of snakehead. �&�ZT�i�Be��@O��@O ��1,�[email protected]�/��A�e0����Q�X In the present investigation, the toxicity and sub-lethal effect of acti ve compound oleandrin extracted from Nerium indicwn leaf have been described on different biochemical parameters of freshwater air breathing fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch.) Amongst animals, fishes are the qualities. endstream endobj startxref The fish is recommended as a diet during inhabitants that cannot escape from the detrimental convalescence [4]. Curr Trends Biomedical Eng & Biosci. Channa punctatus) and its pickled product. The two kidneys are fused partially at their posterior ends. the fresh water fish channa punctatus shows increasing trend after malathion toxicity at different time intervals (7,14,21,28). I. Temperature of Water Bath Maintained leading to various lesions like extensive lamellar hypertrophy with some proliferation at 2.2.1 Effect of Salt, roasted rice powder, sugar, alcohol concentration to amino acid, pH, water activityand sensory score of the honey-pickled snakehead fish (Channa punctatus) Snakehead fish. Channa punctatus Comet assay In general, significant effects (P < 0.01) from both concentrations and time of exposure were observed in DNA damage exposed fishes. Organophosphate pesticides are increasingly used in recent years due to their biodegradability and short resistance time in the environment. F�U`�r��Xf0T!M�"R+ Channa punctatus size 12-13 cm and 18-20 g were brought from a local waterbodies at Nandivelugu, Guntur district of Andhra Pradesh, India. Test specimens were collected from three different polluted sites of the river within and nearby Kanpur area during different seasons and blood samples of these specimens were processed for comet assay and micronucleus test as genotoxicity biomarkers. Microorganisms Channa punctatus Cirrhinus mrigala Chloramphenicol 100µl/disc 100µl/disc 10µg/ml/disc E.coli 11 18 20 K.oxytoca 12 32 18 K.pneumoniae 13 11 21 L.vulgaris 19 20 18 P.mirabilis 20 12 22 P.aeruginosa 20 14 20 S.paratyphi 7918 S.typhi 19 24 21 S.aureus 25 23 20 V.cholera 30 28 22 Channa punctatuss () were treated with 1 mM, the highest concentration tested in this study, was found to be the deadliest and it induced death of … Activities of glutathione-S-transferases, glutathione peroxidase, glutathione reductase, and catalase decreased in the liver and kidney as a result of the initial increase in arsenic concentration in … observed in kidney cells of Channa punctatus after exposure to three sublethal concentrations i.e. Fresh water fish, Channa punctatus, was exposed to PND in aquaria wherein its LC50 value was recorded to be 3.6 mg/L. in … The 96h LC(50) of chromium salt, potassium dichromate was determined to be 41.75mg/L. %%EOF Group I served as control. Oreochromis mossambicus and Channa punctatus were exposed to different concentration of 2.2 Researching procedure . Channa punctatuss () were treated with 10. 2.2 Researching procedure . Channa punctatus caused by sub-acute exposure to the organochloride pesticide endosulfan. Fish, Channa punctatus (35 ± 3.0 g; 14.5 ± 1.0 cm; Actinopterygii) were subjected to semi-static conditions having 5% (0.0375 mg/L for T1 group) and 10% of 96 h-LC … Antioxidant enzymes like Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and Peroxidase (Pox) are used as biomarkers for toxicological study. Fish was exposed to endosulfan at two sub-lethal concentrations 0.01 ppm (Group II) and 0.02 ppm (Group III) for 120 hours. Academia.edu no longer supports Internet Explorer. After that, healthy fish (male and female) weighing approximately 35± 5 g were transferred to glass aquarium with 50 L capacity in controlled light (12 hr light/12 hr dark) and aeration conditions. Pesticides are most hazardous chemicals causing high risk to the environment, fisheries and people. The weight and length of the experimental animals varied between 55– 65g and 15 – The present study was carried out to determine the impact of Malathion an organophosphate pesticide on biochemical constituents i.e. Microorganisms Channa punctatus Cirrhinus mrigala Chloramphenicol 100µl/disc 100µl/disc 10µg/ml/disc E.coli 11 18 20 K.oxytoca 12 32 18 K.pneumoniae 13 11 21 L.vulgaris 19 20 18 P.mirabilis 20 12 22 P.aeruginosa 20 14 20 S.paratyphi 7918 S.typhi 19 24 21 S.aureus 25 23 20 V.cholera 30 28 22 2017; 7(1): 555702. It is found in the Indian Subcontinent and nearby areas, ranging across Afghanistan, Pakistan, India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bangladesh, Myanmar and Tibet. Channa punctatus is commercially important freshwater teleostean fish, commonly known as green snake headed spotted murrel. The present study includes the genotoxic potential of pyrethroid pesticide, fenvalerate which was performed by Micro-Nucleus Test (MNT) in the blood (RBCs) of fresh water fish Channa punctatus. Static non-renewal chronic toxicity ������O�,[�]�ik2�"�1��`,j�_|�]|�}��)Wiۗ�S���Z1�;c�k1�ύ�[email protected]�B��Y�ek�Z�a Hؑо�|�p�L��҃��i}��R8. h�ԙmo�6�� The fishes were fed on alternate days with minced goat obtained from market. Channa punctatus) and its pickled product. In the presented study, a three-year survey has been performed. The fish is recommended as a diet during inhabitants that cannot escape from the detrimental convalescence [4]. BREEDING BIOLOGY OF Channa punctatus (BLOCH) AND ITS REARING IN RICE FIELD ECOSYSTEM By Dr. AMULYA KUMAR SAIKIA (This work was submitted by SHRI AMULYA KUMAR SAIKIA as Ph.D. thesis in Department of Zoology , RAJIV GANDHI UNIVERSITY, RONO HILLS, ITANAGAR, ARUNACHAL PRADESH, INDIA in the year 2010) The fish were acclimatized to the laboratory conditions at. Similar type of The spotted murrel, Channa punctatus (Bloch, 1793), is generally a warm water teleost widely available in lakes, ponds and rivers as well as in confined water bodies of Southeast Asia (Jayaram, 1999). DOI: 10.19080/CTBEB.2017.07.555702. It is concluded that Channa punctatus and Clarias batrachus are stenothermal. N�q(9w�P�IU�>T5�5����z��M|꼁��s����a�ŝ�|���+BON�C��A�!���ٰ�K1 ����$l����R���J5�/��ݰ��γ�$,���.��Ǽ�V�rZ�����=�`�G\�F�Cp��FF��W�������8���<2O����j�!v���=��E���L����������� �JE07Q���D��j�rO7�&pKaV��2���}j9�w:��uB18 004 There is no information is available on the effect of Arsenic trioxide (As 2 O 3) on C. punctatus. 670 0 obj <> endobj the river Ganges and Channa punctatus (standard length, 138 ± 8 mm; n = 30) were collected from local ponds at Varanasi and were kept in a labora-tory aquarium at controlled room temperature (25 ± 2°C). To browse Academia.edu and the wider internet faster and more securely, please take a few seconds to upgrade your browser. The active and healthy specimens of fish were collected from the local fish market in the month of December. Channa punctatus, locally known asTaki, is well metals is of major concern due to their persistence and known for its taste, high nutritive value and medicinal accumulative nature. Table: Effect of Temperature on Lipid content in Channa punctatus at cold and warm temperature stress (Each Value is Mean of Six Observations ± S. D.) Graph - Effect of Temperature on Lipid Content in Liver of Fresh Water Fish, Channa punctatus at cold and warm temperature stress 24 hours Sr. No. Behavioural and dose dependent. 717 0 obj <>stream Amongst animals, fishes are the qualities. ����K#��9ID�l�av��_�p1�5M)� ��:iya�{я{�n']d#�0� �̋�������Lz�/�����hz����l�M��::Pj�n:���7�p��gY�u,���8�Y����e�3����u]@b4���w�$?^�lA>g��|:I���/g[>��,v���4�\|�t]�Y9��?O�t욮*�$�q�L���g�¾e�߁��&�*z?�g�t��%�uK�}C� �v{g0�+����: 685 0 obj <>/Filter/FlateDecode/ID[<426A3C980251AE4180AECBF42E9BF654><6AD12BD7FC52B04F938F3D3A3E7B85A6>]/Index[670 48]/Info 669 0 R/Length 78/Prev 155364/Root 671 0 R/Size 718/Type/XRef/W[1 2 1]>>stream C. Kuppulakshmi, M. Prakash, G. Gunasekaran, G. Manimegalai, S. Sarojini Antibacterial properties of fish mucus from Channa punctatus and Cirrhinus rigala. Antioxidant enzymes like Lactate dehydrogenase (LDH), Malate dehydrogenase (MDH) and Peroxidase (Pox) are used as biomarkers for toxicological study. The present study aims to assess the survival response in terms of acute toxicity test (LC 50) 96h LC50 value of mercuric chloride for Channa punctatus was calculated using Probit analysis. Three sublethal (SL) concentrations, namely, 0.9, 1.8, and 2.7 mg/L were selected for the evaluation of genotoxicity and oxidative stress generated in the fish. Excretory System of Channa Punctatus: The excretory organ of Channa Punctatus comprises of two elongated kidneys located ventral to the vertebral column and extending the whole of coelom. “Current Trends in Parasitology, Proceedings of the 20 th National Congress of Parasitology, Shillong, India. The possible role of glutathione-dependent enzymes in the liver and kidney of the freshwater fish Channa punctatus has been studied after exposure to arsenic trioxide for different durations. Alteration in behavioral patterns and histopathology of gill, kidney and liver were studied in Channa punctatus, after acute exposure to hexavalent chromium. In the fish exposed to both the concentrations for 45 days Calculated the LC 50 value of Lead nitrate in the fresh water air breathing fish, Channa punctatus. %PDF-1.5 %���� When fishes were exposed to HgCl 2, it induced death of the fishes in a concentration-dependent manner. Its natural habitats are swamps, ponds and brackish water systems. A total of 3783 helminths were collected, with an average of 3.02 helminths/fish. You can download the paper by clicking the button above. The present study was conducted to assess the in-vivo activities of certain molecular biomarkers under the impact of phorate exposure. A significantly (P <0.05) higher This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License. The dyes has been found to produce several damages in the vital organs of . These aberrations were found significantly higher endstream endobj 671 0 obj <>/Metadata 25 0 R/PageLayout/OneColumn/Pages 668 0 R/StructTreeRoot 63 0 R/Type/Catalog>> endobj 672 0 obj <>/Font<>>>/Rotate 0/StructParents 0/Tabs/S/Type/Page>> endobj 673 0 obj <>stream Channa punctatus (BLOCH) (Order: Channiformes; Family: Channidae), commonly known as “Snake-headed fish” in English and “Taki (Fish)” in Bengali [7] , can be found in almost aquatic ke rivers, lowland, lakes, canals, rice fields, ponds etc. The average protein (Table 6.1), lipid (Table 6.2) and glycogen (Table 6.3) content were estimated in summer, rainy and winter seasons during the year 2007-08 and 2008-09. Channa punctatus due to toxicity induced by application of fungicides in paddy-cum-fish ecosystem in India. Channa punctatus due to toxicity induced by application of fungicides in paddy-cum-fish ecosystem in India. Spawning usually takes place at night in shallow water with a silty substrate. In case of Channa punctatus fertilized eggs ranged between 0.9 and 1.1 mm in diameter, and timing of cell cycle during first cleavage was around 15-25min (Haniffa et al., 2003). after exposure to sublethal concentrations of anthraquinone vat dyes viz., vat blue 4 and vat green 1. Snake-headed fishes were (Eds. Panima Publishing Coroporation, New Delhi, ISBN 81-86535-69-1, 279 pp, Parasitofauna of Five Freshwater Fishes in a Nigerian Freshwater Ecosystem, [Helminths from the fish Dormitator maculatus (Osteichthyes: Eleotridae) from Alvarado, Veracruz, Mexico], Seasonal variation in helminth parasites of snakeheads Channa punctatus and Channa striatus (Perciformes: Channidae) in Uttar Pradesh, India, Survey of the endohelminth parasites of freshwater fishes in the upper Mezquital River Basin, Durango State, Mexico. Channa punctatus is one of highly demanded market fish in India as a table fish for high quality of nutritional value and as well as to aquarium keepers as a hard aquarium fish. h Channa punctatus (Bloch). Channa punctatus, locally known asTaki, is well metals is of major concern due to their persistence and known for its taste, high nutritive value and medicinal accumulative nature. Channa punctatus. The exposed fish displayed erratic swimming and became l … Enter the email address you signed up with and we'll email you a reset link. C. punctatus. A total of 1013 individuals of Channa punctatus and 247 individuals of Channa striatus were examined. … In central India the fish shows vulnerable to different type of parasite effect and cause great loss to the fish farmer. h�bbd``b`z$[AD��8$��@�7�� q �D� �� �@"�$���I�b``|���G * Free PDF Download. (2004) found marked necrosis with blood cells, pyknotic cells and many fungal granulomas in liver of C. punctatus in the months 15 The elevated blood urea nitrogen (BUN) indicates low renal perfusion or renal dysfunction due to malathion toxicity which effects harmful effects on kidney tissues. The three sublethal concentrations (0.0157, 0.0314 and 0.0625 ppm) were identified and fishes were … Channa punctatus feeds on animal foods (crustaceans, molluscs, insects and fishes). et al. Tandon, V, Yadav, A. K. and Roy, B.). In the present study, two freshwater fishes Channa punctatus and Clarias batrachus were exposed to sub-acute concentrations of a commercial-grade λ-cyhalothrin, REEVA-5, for 96 h to observe the changes in amino acid catabolism under pyrethroid-induced stress and to investigate the comparative mechanisms of ammonia detoxification in both fishes. THE PITUITARY GLAND OF CHANNA PUNCTATUS (BLOCH) S.J SRIVASTAVA & R. SINGH Department of Zoology, S. M. M. Town Post- Graduate College, Ballia 277001 India (Recebido em 04.1 1988) RESUMO: Com base nas propriedades tintoriais sete tipos de células foram identificadas na glândula pituitaria da Channa 0.0161 ppm, 0.0347 ppm and 0.0628 ppm of the bifenthrin. To cite this article. study was to evaluate the changes in some hematological parameters of the fresh water fish Channa punctatus exposed to lower (0.075 mg/l) and higher (0.15 mg/l) sub lethal concentrations of LC 50 (0.75mg/l) of the synthetic pyrethroid pesticide deltamethrin for 15, 30 and 45 days. Research report Fluoride 45(3 Pt 2)263–273 July-September 2012 Fluoride-induced toxicity in soft tissue organs of Channa puntatus (Bloch) Haque, Pal, Mukherjee, Ghosh 264 264 benthic teleostean fish, Channa punctatus (Bloch), particularly in the soft tissue organs of … The kidneys are of mesonephric type. Channa punctatus, locally known as Taki fish in Bangladesh. The MN induction was highest on 96 h at all the concentrations in the peripheral blood. The fishes were acclimatized in laboratory and divided in to control and experimental groups. Changes in chromosomes of Channa punctatus were observed after 5, 10 and 15 days of exposure which are shown in table 1 and figure 2. 0 2.2.1 Effect of Salt, roasted rice powder, sugar, alcohol concentration to amino acid, pH, water activityand sensory score of the honey-pickled snakehead fish (Channa punctatus) Snakehead fish. h�b```�NyI``��0plahV���n.i����A���k���`�h�`h�@�?�C+ �6��biR#"'�llt�m}Ó$x������� �-?����t/iv�/ g�|R�L� ���@� ��!� 43.50 % individuals of C. punctatus and 59.10 % of C. �dH>D�;���;kk��$]Ơ�Z"Ԗ [Y��;��eَ�,O��x$��Ί��P��!ZAe ��M %����&Psb��Zk�_F*(˜� �� �8� X¤IB��JA Fish . Specimens of adult Channa punctatus were collected locally After decapitation the brain along with pituitary gland was fixed in Bouin s solution. Specimens of Channa punctatus were collected from the local fish market.Fish were acclimatized in the laboratory for a period of two weeks. Eggs are laid in nests through elaborate tunnels in vegetated areas which look like vertical columns of water with the eggs floating in the center (Ref. A total of 261 samples of C. punctatus were collected from the Gomti, Ganga and Ken rivers characterized by different environmental conditions in order to study the intraspecific variations using length-weight relationship. Specimens of freshwater fish, Channa punctatus having weight = 16.74±0.6 mg, total length= 11.56±0.03 cm and fork length= 9.53±0.14 cm were used for bioassay. Fresh-water catfish, Channa punctatus has been selected as a model specimen for the present investigation. Channa punctatus, an inhabitant of river Ganges. And healthy specimens of Channa punctatus and 247 individuals of Channa striatus were examined brain along pituitary! 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