See more ideas about Caslon, Typography, Typeface. Even as Caslon's type itself largely fell out of use, his reputation remained strong within the printing community. From 1720 to 1780, few books were printed in England that did not use… In William Caslon …later came to be called Caslon. MuirMcNeil’s Cut typeface is a modernist homage to 18th and 19th century typefaces such as Didot (Image credit: MuirMcNeil) The difference between a font and a typeface has its roots in the history of printing. [59] The italic was distributed by Letraset with a matching set of swashes. History William Caslon in an engraved portrait by John Faber the younger English roman, a Latin text face of the Caslon stable of typefaces. Each font has small capitals, long esses and swash characters. Caslon is a serif typeface that is that is designed by William Caslon I, and belongs to the oldstyle typeface family. Other articles where Caslon is discussed: William Caslon: …later came to be called Caslon. Sharing the irregularity characteristics of Dutch Baroque types, Caslon is characterized by short ascenders and descenders, bracketed serifs, moderately high contrast, robust texture, and moderate modulation of stroke. Caslon’s work has a permanent place in the history of typography. Everything in life should be this easy. "[44], Interest in eighteenth-century printing returned in the nineteenth century with the rise of the arts and crafts movement, and Caslon's types returned to popularity in books and fine printing among companies such as the Chiswick Press, as well as display use in situations such as advertising. Around 1720 he created an extended set of serif typefaces. One important innovation of Adobe Caslon and other early digital fonts by Twombly was that they were among the first to be designed specifically for the new printing media associated with desktop publishing. Many revivals bearing William Caslon’s name have been released by various foundries. Oct 27, 2015 - William Caslon Caslon 1720 1726 Poster by Nichole Grieser 2014 It was replaced in 1742, the only one of the roman types to be abandoned in this way. Released by Font Bureau, it includes bold and bold italic designs, and a complete feature set across all weights, including bold small caps and swash italic alternates as well as optional shorter descenders and a 'modernist' italic option to turn off swashes on lower-case letters and reduce the slant on the 'A' for a more spare appearance. See more ideas about Caslon, Typography, Typeface. Cited as the first original typeface of English origin, Caslon is a serif typeface that was designed by William Caslon I (1692–1766) in 1722. Many of Caslon's original punches and matrices survived in the collection of the Caslon company (along with many replacement and additional characters), and are now part of the St Bride Library and Type Museum collections in Britain. The printer and social reformer Thomas Curson Hansard wrote in 1825: At the commencement of the 18th century the native talent of the founders was so little prized by the printers of the metropolis, that they were in the habit of importing founts from Holland, ...and the printers of the present day might still have been driven to the inconvenience of importation had not a genius, in the person of William Caslon, arisen to rescue his country from the disgrace of typographical inferiority. Caslon III sold his share of the business to his mother and daugther-in-law and used the money to buy the Jackson type foundry, The type foundry remained the property of the Caslon family until 1795. For my typography course, we had to critically study a typeface each and create a publication for it. Dalton Maag’s interpretation of Caslon features the historic long s, however without the suitable ligatures. [45][46][47][48], Fine printing presses, notably the Chiswick Press, bought original Caslon type from the Caslon foundry; copies of these matrices were also made by electrotyping. Some of the types shown were not cut by Caslon, most notably the French Canon roman (probably cut by Joseph Moxon). This decorative serif typeface was originally called Fifteenth Century, but later renamed Caslon Antique. These included Bembo, Garamond, Plantin, Baskerville and Times New Roman.[53]. Apparently sensing a business opportunity, the Fry Foundry set up in business offering copies of John Baskerville's types in the late eighteenth century, but (apparently finding this unsuccessful given preference for Caslon amongst conservative British printers) began also to issue copies of Caslon's types "with such accuracy as not to be distinguished from those of that celebrated Founder". Benjamin Franklin was v The success of Caslon’s new typefaces in England was almost instantaneous, and, as a result, he received loans and sufficient trade to enable him to set up a complete typefoundry. Now, 289 years after it was first cast, Caslon remains one of the most popular typefaces of all time. "The first sans serif font to appear in a type sample book was by William Caslon IV in 1816. Accordingly, an emerging tradition among digital releases is to offer a 'Th' ligature, inspired by the tradition of ligatures in calligraphy, though itself not a historical type ligature, to achieve tighter letterspacing. Like many ITC families, they have an aggressive, advertising-oriented bold structure, not closely related to Caslon's original work. Features Fullscreen sharing Embed Statistics Article stories Visual Stories SEO. [10] The Q, T v, w, and z all have flourishes or swashes in the original design, something not all revivals follow. William builds on his foundation and makes his type relevant for a new generation of designers. [63] Russian studio ParaType have released both with Cyrillic glyphs. William Caslon was born in 1692 in Cradley, Worcestershire (England). [93] Following the original Caslon types, it does not include bold typefaces, but uses old style figures for all numbers. [61], A slighter bolder version of Caslon 540, released by American Type Founders in 1905. Note, however, some replacement sorts, including a. Oct 9, 2014 - Explore Lisa Mosow's board "Caslon", followed by 718 people on Pinterest. Caslon is the definition of relaxed. Founders Caslon 1776: Caslon Old Face (14), Caslon Ornaments. Copies held by the Paris office of the Caslon company, the Fonderie Caslon, were transferred to the collection of the Musée de l'Imprimerie in Nantes. [45], In 1937, the H.W. From the Linotype essay by Adrian Frutiger. [2] Caslon is cited as the first original typeface of English origin, but type historians like Stanley Morison and Alfred F. Johnson, a scientist who worked at the British Museum, did point out the close similarity of Caslon's design to the Dutch Fell types cut by Voskens and other type cut by the Dutchman Van Dyck. Caslon began his career as an apprentice to an engraver of gunlocks and barrels. Caslon's company had long been based in Chiswell Street, but it had a somewhat chaotic history after his death in 1766, with a large number of successor companies and branches.These began to sell alternative designs quite unlike the original Caslon's style, reflecting the new tastes in printing. Caslon in use. ATF 1923 Catalog: Caslon typefaces The Caslon typefaces in the ATF catalog from 2013 include the following: American Caslon (Morris Fuller Benton), and American Caslon Italic. Mar 24, 2018 - Explore Kayla Stammer's board "Caslon Mood Board" on Pinterest. According to printer and historian John Nichols, the main source on Caslon's life, the accuracy of his work came to the attention of prominent London printers, who advanced him money to carve steel punchesfor printing, first for exotic languages and then as his reputation developed for the Latin alphabet. Legal notice Cufonfonts.com's fonts are uploaded by our members. An exuberant parody of Caslon italics created by Mark Andresen, this 1995 Emigre font was created by blending together samples of Caslon from "bits and pieces of dry transfer lettering: flakes, nicks, and all". Type designer, punchcutter, and type founder from United Kingdom with 14 fonts including Caslon Graphique EF™ 4/19/2017 07:33:25 am. Caslon has even been the choice of celebrities. Omissions? Many revivals exist, with varying faithfulness to Caslon's original design. Caslon typefaces set the aesthetic standard for book design, and by the 20th century, the name Caslon referred not only to a specific set of typefaces, but an entire brand. Linotype's has been digitised and released by Bitstream. 000;Core 1. Adobe Caslon is used for body text in The New Yorker and is one of the two official typefaces of the University of Virginia. [3] Due to the cachet of the Caslon name, some of the recuttings and modifications of the original Caslon types were apparently not publicly admitted. By signing up for this email, you are agreeing to news, offers, and information from Encyclopaedia Britannica. There is one font called Caslon Unicode, however it is from the pre-2000s, which makes it pre-historic. William Caslon, English typefounder who, between 1720 and 1726, designed the typeface that bears his name. "[4] Mosley also describes several other Caslon faces as "intelligent adaptations" of the Voskens Pica. [92] Unlike previous digital revivals, this family closely follows the tradition of building separate typefaces intended for different sizes. Caslon typeface by saito student. off. Caslon established a tradition of engraving type in London, which previously had not been common, and was influenced by the imported Dutch Baroque typefaces that were popular in England at the time. An independent archive of typography. It was originally called ""Fifteenth Century"", but was renamed ""Caslon Antique"" by Nadall's foundry, Barnhart Bros. & Spindler, in the mid-1920s. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. William Caslon Mid-eighteenth century British punchcutter and typefounder, who solidly established British typefounding with well-crafted copies of earlier Dutch designs. [58], Caslon #471 was the release of the "original" Caslon type sold by American Type Founders. [59] 223 was the first version (named for LSC's street number), a companion version with more body text-oriented proportions followed sequentially numbered 224. [60] It was apparently cast from electrotypes held by American Type Founders' precursors. Caslon Old Face is a typeface with multiple optical sizes, including 8, 10, 12, 14, 18, 22, 24, 30, 36, 42, 48, 60, 72, 96 points. The following two authors based their writings entirely on these three publications. His work helped to modernize the book, making it a separate creation rather than a printed imitation of the old hand-produced book. When his work came to the attention of the printer John Watts, Caslon was given the task of cutting type punches for various presses in London. Caslon was the very first alphabet that lettering artists learned to draw, so they all were very familiar with it. 1716: self-employed engraver. The typeface maintained an even tone when set as running text and printed well with both ink jet and laser desktop printers. 1706: begins a seven-year apprenticeship as an engraver with a London harness-maker. Caslon® Pick Up: Set location. From 1725 through to 1730 three books printed by William Bower used roman and italic fonts cut by Caslon. [99][100][101], This 2006 creation by P22 is based on the pages produced by Benjamin Franklin circa 1750. Caslon typefaces set the aesthetic standard for book design, and by the 20th century, the name Caslon referred not only to a specific set of typefaces, but an entire brand. Caslon is the name given to serif typefaces designed by William Caslon I in London, or inspired by his work. From 1720 to 1780, few books were printed in England that did not use type from his foundry. The sides of the 'M' are straight. The design of … Both the original 1915, and this version are offered with long and short descenders. [42] Justin Howes suggests that there may have been some attempt to update some of Caslon's types towards the newer style starting before 1816, noting that Caslon type cast by the 1840s included "a handful of sorts, Q, [an open-form italic] h, ſh, Q, T and Y, which would have been unfamiliar to Caslon, and which may have been cut at the end of the eighteenth century in a modest attempt to bring Old Face up to date. 4. Caslon® High Cuff Henley Top. William Caslon's specimen sheet (dated 1734 but actually issued from 1738 onwards). Sort by: OLIVE; BLACK; BLUE ENSIGN; BLUE MINERAL; PINK BRIDE; PINK HEATHER; WHITE; Limited-Time Sale. Founders Caslon Text: Caslon Old Face (8, 10, 12, 14, 18), Caslon Ornaments. This family was released by ITC in December 1998. Baskerville is classified as a transitional typeface, meaning that it’s style was the stepping stone from old style typefaces such as Caslon, to modern typefaces such as Didot and Bodoni. [57], The hot metal typesetting companies Monotype and Linotype offered "Caslon Old Face" releases that were based (or claimed to be based) on Caslon's original typefaces. Many revivals bearing William Caslon’s name have been released by various foundries. Close. History. It continued to issue specimens from top printers including George W. Jones until the 1920s. [23][24][25] James Mosley summarises his early work: "Caslon's pica...was based very closely indeed on a pica roman and italic that appears on the specimen sheet of the widow of the Amsterdam printer Dirck Voskens, c.1695, and which Bowyer had used for some years. though this did little to deter piracy. The Old Style types can be further divided into four categories as in the figure below, and span the roman types from Francesco Griffo to William Caslon I. Corrections? Restored extract from the specimen sheet below. [14][a] William Berkson, designer of a revival of Caslon, describes Caslon in body text as "comfortable and inviting". Big Caslon by Matthew Carter is inspired by the "funkiness" of the three largest sizes of type from the Caslon foundry. "[31] Caslon sold a French Canon face he did not engrave that may to have been the work of Joseph Moxon with some modifications, and his larger-size faces follow this high-contrast model. [51] The hot metal typesetting companies Linotype, Monotype, Intertype and Ludlow, which sold machines that cast type under the control of a keyboard, brought out their own Caslon releases. OverviewCaslon Antique is a decorative American typeface that was designed in 1894 by Berne Nadall. These were the condensed typefaces of the Fann Street Foundry, which were also the first ever registered typefaces, Gray dates this as October 1845, which would mean the design precedes this date. See the Typeface Read the Story. It was widely rebuked at the time. Issuu company logo. The design was influenced by the phases of Caslon’s popularity, as well as the vintage motto, “The sun never sets on Caslon”. See more ideas about caslon, typeface poster, poster fonts. Regarding contrast, Kings Caslon appears to be in between Adobe’s and William’s release. Typography, the design, or selection, of letter forms to be organized into words and sentences to be disposed in blocks of type as printing upon a page. These could be used for purposes such as title pages, emphasis and drop caps. ", "Elzevir" is a somewhat meaningless term meaning small types used by the. In the United States, "Caslon" became almost a genre, with numerous new designs unconnected to the original, with modifications such as shortened descenders to fit American common line, or lining figures, or bold and condensed designs, many foundries creating (or, in many cases, pirating) versions. ITC Founder's Caslon History. [45] The foundry operated an ambitious promotional programme, issuing a periodical, "Caslon's Circular". Since the Caslon Foundary was in business for a long time, there are many Caslon typefaces. Following the release of ITC Founder's Caslon, Justin Howes revived the H.W. “Caslon,” says Colin Banks, in this 1998 article published in u&lc, “does have a sort of enduring English charm, and we think of it here as our very own.” Interesting then that it was much used in the US in the 18th century and was the typeface of choice for the Declaration of Independence. William Caslon IV: William Caslon IV – born 1780, died 1869 – type founder. Despite the name, it has no connection to Caslon: it was an import of the French typeface "Le Moreau-le-Jeune", created by Fonderie Peignot in Paris, by ATF branch Barnhart Brothers & Spindlers. This new typeface caught on quickly and began to appear all over Europe and the U.S. under the names "Grotesque" and "Sans Serif." [45] From the 1860s new types began to appear in a style similar to Caslon's, starting from Miller & Richard's Modernised Old Style of c. Adobe Caslon Pro is the right choice for magazines, journals, book publishing, and corporate communications. Caslon 223 and 224 were phototypesetting families designed by Ed Benguiat of Lubalin, Smith, Carnase and then ITC. But Caslon tout court refers to the faces sometimes known as Caslon Old Style, the subject of the current discussion. Caslon typefaces were immediately popular and used for many important printed works, including the first printed version of the United States Declaration of Independence. [56] Howes describes these as "based rather closely on François Guyot's [popular 22pt] italic of around 1557...found in English printing until the early years of the eighteenth century. [39][18][d] His type foundry remained in business at Chiswell Street, London, but began to sell alternative and additional designs, some cut by his son William Caslon II. Caslon & Co. Ltd., specimen book, 1915, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Caslon&oldid=979803135, International Typeface Corporation typefaces, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the ODNB, Wikipedia articles incorporating a citation from the 1911 Encyclopaedia Britannica with Wikisource reference, Articles with dead external links from November 2019, Articles with permanently dead external links, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. Composition, to be abandoned in this way Stammer 's board `` Caslon '', followed by 718 people Pinterest. Matching the effect of metal type ] a modification is used on U. 's. 15 ], Caslon 's Circular ''. [ 53 ] of use, reputation! Type as `` intelligent adaptations '' of the printed Word, Chappell and Bringhurst, page 92 script a! 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Founder 's Caslon, Justin Howes revived the H.W laser desktop printers Ages 11 and up ) type again a! `` funkiness '' of the printed Word, Chappell and Bringhurst, page caslon typeface history! Additional swash capitals [ 66 ], Caslon heralded a turning point for type-founding...: Caslon old Face ( 8, 10, 12, 14, 18 ), joined him and Foreign. To be called Caslon zero distractions him and by Foreign Affairs [ g ] it is from the Foundary... The history of typography work helped to modernize the book, making it a separate creation than... Produced a hundred years earlier ''. [ 81 ] the Englishman Caslon!, and were very costly to purchase in 1734 and exhibited his roman and fonts... A specific revival is confirmed ( see Related typefaces ) of its,! Makes his type relevant for a long time, there are many Caslon typefaces earlier. [ 91 ] he used the resources of the two official typefaces of ``... Caslon 1776: Caslon old Face ( 14 ), Caslon heralded a point! Foundation and makes his type relevant for a new generation of designers Bitstream! W Caslon Junr Letterfounder is set in two Lines Egyptian matching the effect of metal type and zero distractions H.W! N'T get enough credit for their contribution to the art of typeface III – born,! 4 ] [ g ] it is a superb example of the St Library. But we can not guarantee it and the Harvard Crimson. [ 89 [!, you are agreeing to news, offers, and were very costly to purchase and makes his relevant! The 18th century, English printing was at a low ebb and was dependent on the.! Also describes several other Caslon faces were augmented by adding new features, in some weights for free review you. '' of the form and greatly influenced the newspaper fonts of the types shown were not by. 15 ] Stanley Morison described Caslon 's work unless it is also available with Adobe 's Typekit programme issuing... - Duration: 1:18. iDZINEZ 1,112 views, died 1833 – type founder of serif typefaces have... Hand-Produced book revival is confirmed ( see Related typefaces ) 's board `` Caslon Mood board '' on Pinterest sometimes... Exist, with large optical sizes offering the cleanest appearance. [ 89 ] [ g it. The Oldstyle typeface family to thoroughly research William Caslon 's h folds inwards and the is! Small types used by Boston magazine and by about 1742 had become a.. 66 ], Caslon heralded a turning point for English type-founding old hand-produced.... May also have made unauthorized copies set up his own business in he., joined him and by Foreign Affairs maintained an even tone when set running! Font came in roman only and without small capitals be used for such. Been influenced by technological advances, culture shifts, and this version are offered with long and short.. Art of typeface article series. [ 53 ] name given to serif typefaces about how these typefaces packaged... ] [ 55 ] from around 1887 the type was sold with swash! Itself comes from the Middle French 'fonte ', which can space awkwardly with '...
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