Evaluation of Substrate on Production of Calocybe indica. Awareness of the nutritional and medicinal importance of mushrooms is not extensive. Studies on the Cultivation of. 193: 265-275. This is to ensure that we give you the best experience possible. In vitro and in vivo antiinflammatory activity of the methanolic extract of white Oyster mushroom Pl... Phytochemical analysis of two wild edible mushrooms, auricularia polytricha and pleurotus ostreatus,... Phytochemical Screening of Pleurotus tuberregium (SING) Grown on Different Substrates. Traditionally eaten in West Bengal, it is being grown commercially in several Indian states and other tropical countries. The antioxidant activity was carried out by Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power (FRAP) Assay Method. The results showed that the concentrations of essential elements (Mn, Fe, Cu, and Zn) in the target mushroom are at the typical levels. The estimated daily intakes of studied metallic and metalloid elements were below their oral reference dosage mentioned by the international regulatory bodies. & Chandra, Trans. session so others can sign in. All rights reserved. Nutritional Composition of Milky Mushroom ( Calocybe indica ) ... (Calocybe indica) cultivated on paddy straw supplement with 5,10 and 20 per cent (on paddy straw dry weight basis) of ragi flour. Attention has been drawn to the antimicrobial activity of plants and their metabolites due to the challenge of growing incidences of drug-resistant pathogens. A compressive description of tropical milky white mushroom (Calocybe indica P&C var. The physical evaluation included determination of total ash, determination of acid insoluble ash, determination of water soluble ash, determination of moisture content (loss on, Join ResearchGate to discover and stay up-to-date with the latest research from leading experts in, Access scientific knowledge from anywhere. Report and Opinion 2010;2(10):23-27]. Results: The results obtained from this antioxidant study strongly suggest that Pleurotus florida and Calocybe indica have significant antioxidant activity. Some plants have shown the ability to overcome resistance in some organisms and this has led to researchers’ investigating their mechanisms of action and isolating active compounds. [Onuoha C.I., Obi-Adumanya G.A. Plant origin food ingredients are the main source of very potent antioxidants. Some plants have shown the ability to overcome resistance in some organisms and this has led to researchers' investigating their mechanisms of action and isolating active compounds. species, stage of development and environmental conditi ons. GAE – Gallic acid equivalent; RE- Rutin equivalent. Results comparability is largely dependent on the techniques employed in the investigations and conclusive results can only be obtained if methods are standardized and universal. The wood shreds of Treculia africana did not support the growth of the mushroom. Around nine species are found in neotropical regions. Milky Mushroom (Calocybe indica) is a fairly new addition in the field of mushroom cultivation. This mushroom was found in the wild, in West Bengal, India and the cultivation method was researched by Indian horticulture department. This has enabled exploitation of plants for the treatment of microbial infections and in the development of new antimicrobial agents. Aqueous, ethanolic and methanolic extracts showed positive results on pre-liminary phytochemical analysis and also strongly inhibited the growth of the Gram-positive and Gram negative bacterium whereas ethyl acetate and hexane extracts have low reaction in phytochemical analysis and low antimi-crobial activity. Further studies on these mushrooms in pharmacological aspects are in progress. International Journal of Pharmacy and Technology. singer, Effect of solvent extraction on total phenolics and antioxidant activity of extracts from flaxseed (Linum usitatissimum L.), Assessment techniques of antimicrobial properties of natural compounds of plant origin: current methods and future trends, Protein measurement with the folin Phenol Reagent, Foreword to the Fifth international conference on mushroom biology and mushroom products, Studies on cultivation of Pleurotus sp. Bioactive compounds from Pleurotus florida mushroom extracts could be used as an alternate to antibiotics, considering the side effects and escalating levels of antibiotic resistance among microorganisms. drying). Health risk index (HRI) was calculated to evaluate the consumer's health risk assessment from the metal intake that contaminated in the cultivated mushroom of P. florida on the different nutrient sources. Materials 2.1.1. A method for the cultivation of Pleurotus sajorcaju on a relatively large scale using cotton waste as substrate has been developed, and the mushroom so obtained has higher protein content than and comparable carbohydrate content to Agaricus bisporus, Volvariella volvacea, Lentinus edodes and Pleurotus ostreatus. The result revealed the presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins, oxalates, phytates, HCN and phenols in appreciable amounts. When 80% ethanol was used for extraction the highest amount of flavonoids was detected and also the best antioxidant capacity. 1—Macrofungi picture a: Calocybe gambosa, b: Calocybe indica, c: Macrolepiota procera, d: Tuber aestivum Particular focus is on establishing the effect of the plant(s) extracts in terms of their microstatic and microcidal action and the spectrum of organisms affected. Further subjection of both these mushrooms for quantitative analysis showed the presence of total phenol 38.06 ± 10.09 in P. florida and 30.72 ± 2.48 in C. indica and total flavonoid 1.35 ± 0.34 in P. florida and 0.80 ± 0.04 in C. indica. Investigation was conducted on two different batches of flaxseed, assessing antioxidant capacity of compounds extracted with different polarity solvents and extracts were tested for antioxidant activity with different methods. Data of this study suggests that mushrooms are rich in nutritional value. Folin-Phenol reagent. Presence of phytochemicals namely phenols, flavonoids, saponins and tannins may be responsible for such antiinflammatory activity. Results comparability is largely dependent on the techniques employed in the investigations and conclusive results can only be obtained if methods are standardized and universal. Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. Thus, the study suggests that both mushrooms varieties are very safe for consumption, while the significant presence of alkaloids, flavonoids, saponins and phenols indicate medicinal properties. Tocopherols, the main oilseeds natural antioxidants are very potent and when implemented into cell membranes are able to scavenge large number of free radicals. © 2008-2020 ResearchGate GmbH. Mushrooms were dried from about 84 to 3% moisture content (w.b) in about 8 h. Solar drier was cost effective and efficient in and Ezeibekwe, I. O. Phytochemical Screening of Pleurotus tuberregium (SING) Grown on Different Substrates. International Journal of Pharma and Bio Sciences. Forward to the Fifth International Conference on mushroom bi, Bano Z, Rajarathnam. Like most websites we use cookies. APK2) is provided in this review. The present study was conducted to evaluate the in vivo cultivation technology, proximate composition, mineral content and spectrum analysis of edible milky mushroom of Calocybe indica. The Milky mushroom is a very large variety often with multiple stems growing from a single base. Particular focus is on establishing the effect of the plant(s) extracts in terms of their microstatic and microcidal action and the spectrum of organisms affected. Nutritional value and biosafety of Dioscorea bulbifera L. (air potato) fermented with Pleurotus ostreatus and Calocybe indica Tolulope Bolaniran, Clement Olusola Ogidi and Bamidele Juliet Akinyele Received: 21 … Continuing to use www.cabdirect.org This requires rigorous research and it is therefore imperative to follow standard methods to authenticate claims of antimicrobial action. Mushrooms with their flavour, texture, nutritional value and with very high productivity level per unit area rightly have been acetate, petroleum ether and aqueous extracts. The biological efficiency of Calocybe indica was doubled by using a combination of sand +soil +dried biogas spent slurry (BE 180.32%) or vermicompost (BE 176.28 %) as casing material. Nutritional and phytochemical analysis of the oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida) and milky mushroom (Calocybe indica) were carriedout. control was cultivated on paddy ... respectively, from the value in the control sample. Singer) is investigated. To boost the nutritional and functional quality of cookies, wheat flour was replaced with Calocybe indica powder (CIP) at different proportions (0, 5, 10, 15 and 20%). Calocybe indica. The ultra-violet (UV) absorption showed at 294 nm with a shoulder at 321 and 379 nm indicating the presence of aromatic nature of the compounds. length of the stipe. GAE/g extract and 1.35 ± 0.34 mg RE/g extract, 2.48 mg GAE/g extract and 0.80 ± 0.04 mg RE/g extract, respectively in. 1 Plant Archives Vol. This paper reviews the current methods used in the investigations of the efficacy of plants as antimicrobial agents and points out some of the differences in techniques employed by different authors. Qualitative phytochemical analysis confirmed that both the mushrooms possess the presence of pharmacologically active compounds like phenols, flavonoids, saponins and tannins. The nutritional analysis results showed the presence of protein, carbohydrate, fibre, ash content and low in fat and calorific value. Antiradical Activity and Ferric Reducing Antioxidant Power of Pleurotus pulmonarius , Pleurotus floridanus and Pleurotus sajor - caju Formulations Extracts in Vitro, Antioxidant activity of oyster mushroom (Pleurotus florida [Mont.] As a result, mushroom cultivation has been increased tremendously throughout the world during the last few decades. Research Journal of Pharmaceutical, Biological and Chemical Sciences. Find out more about this exciting new development, Using our new visualization tools you can, Using our new highlighting and annotation tool you can, remove selected records that are not saved in My CABI, sign you out of your There was, however, a significant difference at P  0.05 between the flavonoid content of fruit bodies from humus soil, sawdust and those from a mixture of humus soil and sawdust. So it could be recommended for formulating Antioxidant, Anti inflammatory dietary supplement. And in the development of new antimicrobial agents that both the mushrooms possess the of. Tropical countries such antiinflammatory activity, methanolic extract of white oyster mushroom ( Pleurotus florida ) and milky mushroom Calocybe... Mushrooms are rich in nutritional value of all collected macrofungi is listed in Table 3 with very productivity... 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2020 calocybe indica nutritional value