In the mangroves of southern Africa. As in other widespread mangrove genera, there are different species with non-overlapping distributions in the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ocean basins. Pollinators and insect interactions are unknown, but Palmer & Pitman (1973) note that the tree provides nesting sites for several coastal bird species. This also explains the lack of overlap between the Atlantic and Indo-Pacific ranges of the genus. Common names: white mangrove (Eng. In Australia, it extends much farther south than other mangroves, occurring in every mainland state. This colonisation of southerly climes may have occurred relatively recently, perhaps several thousand years ago, when they were transferred by the Leeuwin Current. Pooley's Trees of eastern South Africa. However, other early explorers sailed to the Caribbean, and A. germinans (L.) L. is known from late seventeenth century material in the Sloane Herbarium. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. Mabberley's Plant-book, edn 3. alba (BI.) Jacana, Johannesburg. Scientific Names. Avicennia marina var. The leaves are thick, 5 to 8 cm (2.0 to 3.1 in) long, a bright, glossy green on the upper surface, and silvery-white, or grey, with very small matted hairs on the surface below. (2011); Gomes e Sousa (1967) gives nhamesso (Xironga) and mussu (Quimuane) for Mozambique. (2009). Gomes e Sousa, A. Glen, H.F. 2004. The flowers range from white to a golden yellow colour, are less than 1 cm across, and occur in clusters of three to five. Vierh. Vierh. Naidoo, pers. APNI* Description: Small tree or shrub up to 9 m high, branches, inflorescences and lower surface of leaves greyish or silvery; pneumatophores numerous and projecting from the shallow lateral roots. Van Wyk, A.E. australasica (Walp. As with other Avicennia species, it has aerial roots (pneumatophores); these grow to a height of about 20 cm (5 in), and a diameter of 1 cm. The genus Avicennia includes between 4 and 14 species, depending on the limits one adopts for a species. [16], Grey mangroves grow as a shrub or tree to a height of 3 to 10 m (9.8 to 32.8 ft), or up to 14 m in tropical regions. Avicennia marina ssp. Synonyms . ); witseebasboom (Afr. Northern Aborigines learned to harvest this starchy food by leaching out distasteful tannins and bitter substances which are the plant's chemical defence. ... Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Avicennia bicolor. The name gymnorhiza comes from two Greek words "gymno" naked and "rhiza" root, naked root which refers to the exposed knee roots of Bruguiera gymnorhiza emerging from the ground. Gillett, J.B. & McDonald, P.G. & Pammenter, N.W. 1970. You have a small, cold, water-wise garden? Alice Campbell and Peter Gasson, Royal Botanic Gardens - Kew Bakh. Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Results. Vierh. Genera Plantarum edn 5. Sceura marina Forssk. Every travel agent's idea of a tropical paradise involves white, palm-fringed beaches and "the murmur of summer seas" - but what are those trees with the startlingly white trunks between the palms, down by the river mouth? Johannes van Someren, Amsterdam. & Van Wyk, P. 1997. Bakh. ไม้พุ่มหรือไม้ต้น สูงได้ถึง 20 ม. Bruguiera gymnorhiza has numerous names in English, the most common one is porbably Large-Leafed Orange Mangrove followed by Oriental Mangrove. Small to medium-sized tree (3-11 m), main trunk straight, up to 76 cm in diameter, with much branched, rounded crown. 2008. Impensis Joannis Regis, Basel. Avicennia was named for Avicenna – Ibn Sina (980-1037), a Persian physician-philosopher. The breathing roots cover a vast area, much larger than the crown, and in nature they tend to crowd out anything else between them. This may be whitish, a characteristic described in the common name. "The mangroves of South Africa: An ecophysiological review". Avicennia tomentosa arabica Walp. Extensive underground root system with 'pencil roots' (pneumatophores or breathing roots) up to 90 mm long, sticking up out of the mud in dense stands spreading out from tree. The habit is a gnarled arrangement of multiple branches. It is distributed along Africa's east coast, south-west, south and south-east Asia, and Australia. Mabberley, D.J. Avicennia tomentosa var. marina. As with other mangroves, it occurs in the intertidal zones of estuarine areas. – gray mangrove. Seeds of this species are believed, without published evidence, to be "recalcitrant", meaning that they are very short-lived once they reach maturity.The seeds germinate in the fruit while still on the tree. var. It has smooth light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, brittle flakes. J.Everett APNI* . Avicennia, also called black mangrove, genus comprising at least eight species of trees or shrubs in the family Acanthaceae. Avicennia germinans (L.) L. — Symbol AVGE Common Name black mangrove Botanical Family Verbenaceae … Scientific plant list. gray mangrove: AVMAM2: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) (2009) list the white mangrove as being of Least Concern, which is reasonable, given its immense range and abundance where it occurs. alba (Blume) Bakh. A number of botanists have proposed division of the species, but currently three subspecies are recognised: Data related to Avicennia marina at Wikispecies Mabberley (2008) reports that the timber, like that of many mangroves, is resistant to termites. 2. Briza Academic, Pretoria. marina: AVMAM: Avicennia marina (Forssk.) ); mangal, towozi, txomahati (Xironga); isikhungathi (isiXhosa, isiZulu) - these from Van Wyk et al. 14 plant name records match your search criteria Avicennia marina.The results are below. – gray mangrove. Forst.) Avicennia marina (Forssk.) Grey mangrove is a highly variable tree, with a number of ecotypes, and in forms closely resembling other species. Salvius, Stockholm. Vierh. Pinax Theatri Botanici. 1775. Avicennia marina var. Linnaeus, C. 1747. Avicennia marina subsp. The Plant List includes a further 34 scientific plant names of infraspecific rank for the genus Avicennia.We do not intend The Plant List to be complete for names of infraspecific rank. Water if there is no competition light-grey bark made up of thin, stiff, avicennia marina common name.... Between 4 and 14 species, depending on the upper right-hand corner of! Avicennia species, it still needs warmth Investigação Agronômica de Moçambique, Lourenço Marques in some harbours, especially abutting! Is dropped and dispersed is actually a seedling, this tree is essentially totally unsuited to cultivation of!, leathery leaves are opposite and entire and feature salt-exuding glands on limits! 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