Then Achish called David and said to him, “Surely, as the LORD lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the army is good in my sight. Hannah’s prayer. Gilboa, Jezreel, Shunem, En-dor, are all found, still bearing the same names. 1 Samuel 29 – The Philistines Reject David A. 1-samuel 29:11 So David and his men rose up early to depart in the morning, to return into the land of the Philistines. But David is not free from censure in his professions to Achish ( 1 Samuel 29:8 ), to do what he probably had not the smallest purpose of doing--of fighting with Achish against his enemies. Then the princes of the Philistines said, “What are these Hebrews doing here?” And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, “Is this not David, the servant of Saul king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or these years? i. 1. 9. notwithstanding the princes of the Philistines have said--The Philistine government had constitutional checks--or at least the king was not an absolute sovereign; but his authority was limited--his proceedings liable to be controlled by "the powerful barons of that rude and early period--much as the kings of Europe in the Middle Ages were by the proud and lawless aristocracy which surrounded them" [CHALMERS]. The latter is perhaps more likely.” (Baldwin). : The Holy Spirit made it clear to David. The lords of the Philistines passed in review… David and his men passed in review at the rear: David is among the Philistines because when he was discouraged, he left the people of God and the land of Israel and cast his lot with the Philistines instead (1 Samuel 27). I might have said years. have grieved David. Nevertheless, the lords do not favor you: David thought he couldn’t be happy or at peace in the land of Israel (1 Samuel 27:1). asked David. Achish expresses his confidence in David; but begs him to return, 1 Samuel 29:6-10. And as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart.”. 2. (6-11)1-5 David waited with a secret hope that the Lord would help him out of his difficulty. They didn’t trust David and they feared he would turn against the Philistines in battle, to bring himself back into Saul’s favor. The soldiers were in groups of 100 men and 1,000 men. (1-3) Achish defends David before the Philistine leaders. the rejection of ungodly people in David’s life. : The faith-filled victory over Goliath seemed like a distant memory for a backslidden David, but the Philistines remembered it well. David and his men were with King Achish at the back of the army. a. Therefore return now, and go in peace, that you may not displease the lords of the Philistines.”, is unexpected in a Philistine oath; can it be that Achish has committed himself to David’s Lord, or is he being courteous to David in not swearing by Philistine gods? And to this day I have found no fault in him since he defected to me: It is a sad thing that a Philistine ruler defended David so confidently. The Philistine princes themselves specified what David would have to do to be acceptable to Saul, to regain his favor: He would have to change sides in the middle of the battle. Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies: The battle lines were drawn in the previous chapter when the Philistines made a deep incursion into Israelite territory. Bible commentary on the Book of 1 Samuel, chapter 29, by Dr. Bob Utley, retired professor of hermeneutics. d. Is this not David… who has been with me these days, or these years? Let me know if I ever stop displeasing the lords of the Philistines.” But all that is a distant memory in this time of backsliding and compromise for David. 1 Samuel 29-30 presents a clear picture of God’s amazing grace and how He works with His people. The Philistine rulers object to David’s presence among the Philistine army. c. That you may not displease the lords of the Philistines: David used to displease the lords of the Philistines all the time. A Bible Study in EasyEnglish (2800 word vocabulary) on the Book of 1 Samuel. Note that he and his men were marching at the rear of the Philistine army, serving as the personal bodyguard of King Achish (1 Samuel 29:2). 1 Samuel 30 Chapter 29 How Saul, who was forsaken of God, when he was in a strait was more and more perplexed and embarrassed with his own counsels, we read in the foregoing chapter. We fully respect if you want to refuse cookies but to avoid asking you again and again kindly allow us to store a cookie for that. So David said to Achish, “But what have I done? Article Images Copyright © 2020 Getty Images unless otherwise indicated. I can’t wait to displease the lords of the Philistines. Nevertheless the lords do not favor you. He had too much of the world in him to be at peace in the LORD, and he had too much of the LORD in him to be at peace in the world. David identified himself so much with the ungodly that Achish knew he had David in his pocket. 4. the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him--It must be considered a happy circumstance in the overruling providence of God to rescue David out of the dangerous dilemma in which he was now placed. Click to enable/disable _ga - Google Analytics Cookie. A person who compares the Bible account of Saul's last battle with the Philistines, with the region around Gilboa, has the same sort of evidence that the account relates what is true, that a person would have that such a battle as Waterloo really took place. Is this not David, of whom they sang to one another in dances, saying: The faith-filled victory over Goliath seemed like a distant memory for a backslidden David, but the Philistines remembered it well. DAVID MARCHING WITH THE PHILISTINES TO FIGHT WITH ISRAEL. For with what could he reconcile himself to his master, if not with the heads of these men? David started to think and act like a Philistine and was ready to fight with them against the people of God. 8:21, Isa. It will take a dramatic crisis to bring David back to where he should be. David objected to by the Philistines. Paul J. Bucknell 1 Samuel 29 Handling Moral Dilemmas | 1 Samuel 30 Handling Difficult Testings 1 Samuel 29-30 Audio Podcast. Changes will take effect once you reload the page. EasyEnglish is a system of simple English designed by Wycliffe Associates (UK). b. But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him: The other Philistine leaders were not in agreement with Achish at all. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel. of F.B. 29 The Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek, and Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel. Now Samuel had died, and all Israel had lamented for … First Samuel 29:1-11 shows us that the Lord always preserves his own people, even when they act foolishly. But the Philistine leaders could see that this wasn’t right, even when David couldn’t. How much better it is to be all out for Jesus, and to trust that if the ungodly reject us, God will use it for good – for our good and for theirs. He might say, “Of. : The other Philistine leaders were not in agreement with Achish at all. It is as if an ungodly coworker insisted to others that you really weren’t a Christian after all because they saw how you lived. 2 As the Philistine rulers marched with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were marching at the rear with Achish. Click to enable/disable Google Analytics tracking. ממּלך equals מלך מהיוה (1 Samuel 15:26), away from being king. David identified himself so much with the ungodly that Achish. ii. 1 The Philistine army met at the town called Aphek. We should praise God for the times when He keeps us from sinning as bad as we want to. To hear an ungodly ruler say, “David has been with me” and “I have found no fault in him” and “he defected to me” should have been a great wake-up call to David. Finding God’s Will, Any ‘Witch’ Way You Can (1 Samuel 28:1-25) 26. David said as much in 1 Samuel 28:1-2 and Achish had reason to believe that David would fight with him. And the lords of the Philistines passed in review by hundreds and by thousands, but David and his men passed in review at the rear with Achish. That you may not displease the lords of the Philistines, all the time. b. (3) Application : We must have the right associations : Evil associations will always create problems for us. Samuel, Saul and David. 3 The commanders of the Philistines asked, “What about these Hebrews?” The following cookies are also needed - You can choose if you want to allow them: You can read about our cookies and privacy settings in detail on our Privacy Policy Page. Now he finds that his “Philistine friends” won’t accept him either. They worship another God. He is close enough to the Philistines to be comfortable (and go to war on their side), but still close enough to God to know he’s in the wrong. (1-5) He is dismissed by Achish. Salem Media Group. And the Philistines went up to Jezreel. Is this the same David who fought Goliath? God spoke to David through this, but David had to listen. The Philistines gather their armies together against Israel, and encamp at Aphek; while the Israelites encamp at Jezreel, 1 Samuel 29:1. "What have you found in your servant... that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king" (1 Samuel 29:8). When God answered him not, if he had humbled himself by repentance and persevered in seeking God, who knows but that at length he might have been entreated for him? As Matthew Henry says – Saul seeks for a witch, v. 7. The Philistine leaders knew who David really was – that is, a Hebrew, part of God’s people. All rights reserved. I’m going to argue today that you are also what you worship. a. Hearing these words from Achish should have grieved David. Commentary Critical and Explanatory on the Whole Bible, California - Do Not Sell My Personal Information. David seems to have forgotten this, but the Philistine leaders knew. The lords of the Philistines passed in review… David and his men passed in review at the rear, : David is among the Philistines because when he was discouraged, he left the people of God and the land of Israel and cast his lot with the Philistines instead (1 Samuel 27). ©2018 David Guzik – No distribution beyond personal use without permission. Could you imagine someone coming to David before that battle, and saying, “Excuse me David, I don’t think you should do that. They lie within sight of each other. Surely, as the LORD lives: “As the Lord lives is unexpected in a Philistine oath; can it be that Achish has committed himself to David’s Lord, or is he being courteous to David in not swearing by Philistine gods? 1 Samuel 29 The Philistine leaders will not have David in their army. He used to be a mighty warrior for the cause of God, and he used to strike fear in the heart of every enemy of God. i. These cookies collect information that is used either in aggregate form to help us understand how our website is being used or how effective our marketing campaigns are, or to help us customize our website and application for you in order to enhance your experience. And to this day I have found no fault in him since he defected to me, : It is a sad thing that a Philistine ruler defended David so confidently. David seems genuinely disappointed that he will not be able to fight for the Philistines against Israel. They worship another God. Click to enable/disable _gid - Google Analytics Cookie. Could you imagine someone coming to David before that battle, and saying, “Excuse me David, I don’t think you should do that. – that is, a Hebrew, part of God’s people. Is this giant invincible? From “Playing Both Ends Against the Middle” to “Caught Between a Rock and a Hard Place” (1 Samuel 29:1-30:6) 27. Now, David is concerned about displeasing, i. All these events were a wake-up call to David. Jamieson-Fausset-Brown Bible Commentary 29. the Strength of Israel will not lie—Hebrew, "He that gives a victory to Israel," a further rebuke of his pride in rearing the Carmel trophy, and an intimation that no loss would be sustained in Israel by his rejection. And it is not improbable, but David, after his escape from thence, might hold some correspondence with Achish, as finding him to be a man of a more generous temper than the res… Therefore return now, and go in peace, that you may not displease the lords of the Philistines.”, a. All these events were a wake-up call to David. Otherwise you will be prompted again when opening a new browser window or new a tab. David and his Hebrew company were setting out with Achish. Check to enable permanent hiding of message bar and refuse all cookies if you do not opt in. David now finds himself in a place he thought he would never be: among the ungodly, ready to fight against God’s people. You always can block or delete cookies by changing your browser settings and force blocking all cookies on this website. God's people should always behave themselves so, as, if possible, to get the good word of all they have dealings with: and it is due to those who have acted well, to speak well of them. The song of David’s victory came back to haunt him again. You can also change some of your preferences. It is also important to see that Achish wasn’t just making this up. CHAPTER 29. Note that blocking some types of cookies may impact your experience on our websites and the services we are able to offer. However, David is not deterred from his undertaking by the hard words of Eliab. However, there was a problem. Is this not David, of whom they sang to one another in dances, saying: ‘Saul has slain his thousands, 1 Samuel 29:6 "Then Achish called David, and said unto him, Surely, [as] the LORD liveth, thou hast been upright, and thy going out and thy coming in with me in the host [is] good in my sight: for I have not found evil in thee since the day of thy coming unto me unto … (11) David returns to Ziklag and the Philistines army prepares to meet Saul. 1 Samuel 1 – The Birth of Samuel. a. (1-3) Achish defends David before the Philistine leaders. David would have never slipped into this sinful place if he remembered who he really was and what his destiny was. (4-5) The Philistine leaders reject David. b. 2 The Philistine kings marched out with their soldiers. The Philistine leaders could see what David was blind to. The lords of the Philistines refuse to let David go to battle with them, lest he should betray them, 1 Samuel 29:2-5. For to this day I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me. Now, David is concerned about displeasing the lords of the Philistines. We need 2 cookies to store this setting. this not David, of whom they sang to one another in dances, saying: But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him. To hear an ungodly ruler say, “David has been with me” and “I have found no fault in him” and “he defected to me” should have been a great wake-up call to David. 1 Samuel: Bible Study and Commentary. David’s heart is in a bad place, but God didn’t abandon him. But he seems to have been influenced too much by the fear of man, in consenting to attend Achish. 1 Samuel Chapter 29 Summary started with the Philistines as they set themselves to battle against Israel. David came accordingly, and, upon a review of the army, was found with Achish, in the post assigned him in the rear, 1 Samuel 29:2. The latter is perhaps more likely.” (Baldwin). Instead, he made his. David seems to have forgotten this, but the Philistine leaders knew. Commentary for 1 Samuel 29. 1. 23. But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him; so the princes of the Philistines said to him, “Make this fellow return, that he may go back to the place which you have appointed for him, and do not let him go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he become our adversary. 3. these days, or these years--He had now been with the Philistines a full year and four months ( 1 Samuel 27:7 ), and also some years before. Aphek is the only one of the cluster not yet identified. David now finds himself in a place he thought he would never be: among the ungodly, ready to, : Leaders among the Philistines looked at David and his men and said, “They aren’t one of us. You are free to opt out any time or opt in for other cookies to get a better experience. 3 The commanders of the Philistines asked, “What about these Hebrews?” David started to think and act like a Philistine and was ready to fight with them against the people of God. Since these providers may collect personal data like your IP address we allow you to block them here. 2. Please be aware that this might heavily reduce the functionality and appearance of our site. The … The first two verses of 1 Samuel 28 connect with the previous chapter, so they are examined in the commentary on 1 Samuel 27. Here in 1 Samuel 29, I think David has become lukewarm. And the princes of the Philistines were wroth with him; and the princes of the Philistines said unto … Click to enable/disable Google reCaptcha. i. No doubt, David didn’t like being rejected by the Philistine rulers. He used to be a mighty warrior for the cause of God, and he used to strike fear in the heart of every enemy of God. We should praise God for the times when He keeps us from sinning as bad as we want to. 1 Samuel 17:29. Purpose. They were not divided into two books until the Old Testament was translated into Greek. So David and his men rose early to depart in the morning, to return to the land of the Philistines. The Israelites stayed by the water at Jezreel. Click to enable/disable _gat_* - Google Analytics Cookie. Not many people like rejection. He shall not go up with us to the battle… as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart, : David wanted to fight with the Philistines against Israel but. The Second Time Around (1 Samuel 26:1-25) 24. Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies at Aphek, and the Israelites encamped by a fountain which, in Jezreel. wouldn’t let him. We provide you with a list of stored cookies on your computer in our domain so you can check what we stored. Is our God unable to oppose him, and subdue him? Keith Simons. 2 As the Philistine rulers marched with their units of hundreds and thousands, David and his men were marching at the rear with Achish. It will take a dramatic crisis to bring David back to where he should be. These cookies are strictly necessary to provide you with services available through our website and to use some of its features. Is this the same David who fought Goliath? It is just an instance of the unhappy consequences into which a false step--a departure from the straight course of duty--will betray everyone who commits it. Nevertheless the lords do not favor you. Sidlow Baxter - In the Hebrew manuscripts, 1 and 2 Samuel form but one book, as also do 1 and 2 Kings and 1 and 2 Chronicles. They are Hebrews. For to this day I have not found evil in you since the day of your coming to me. But what have I done: David seems genuinely disappointed that he will not be able to fight for the Philistines against Israel. 27:7, and he was with me some years ago, 1 Samuel 21:10, and since their time hath been known to me. And as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart.”. You can check these in your browser security settings. Not many people like rejection. iii. 1. but, since he can discern no comfort either from heaven or earth (Isa. One Step Forward and Two Backward (1 Samuel 27:1-28:2) 25. Then Achish called David and said to him, “Surely, the LORD lives, you have been upright, and your going out and your coming in with me in the army, good in my sight. The king of Gath was told by his men to not allow David to fight. David has no home; he is trying to live in both worlds, so he has no home in either world. We use cookies to let us know when you visit our websites, how you interact with us, to enrich your user experience, and to customize your relationship with our website. A. Saul’s distressing situation 1. 1. Due to security reasons we are not able to show or modify cookies from other domains. Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies at Aphek, and the Israelites encamped by a fountain which is in Jezreel. You might displease the lords of the Philistines.” What do you think David’s response would be? 1 Samuel 29:8 Parallel Verses [⇓ See commentary ⇓] 1 Samuel 29:8, NIV: "But what have I done?' Many people are hesitant to live out-and-out for Jesus Christ because they are afraid of the rejection of the ungodly. Many people are hesitant to live out-and-out for Jesus Christ because they are afraid of the rejection of the ungodly. To return to the land of the Philistines: The Holy Spirit made it clear to David. Of course, Achish conceitedly applied David's words here as a pledge that he would fight for Achish and the Philistines, but THE WORDS DO NOT SAY THAT. 1 Samuel 28:3 "Now Samuel was dead, and all Israel had lamented him, and buried him in Ramah, … Why can't I go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?'" Copyright © 2020, Bible Study Tools. 1-samuel 29:10 Wherefore now rise up early in the morning with thy master's servants that are come with thee: and as soon as ye be up early in the morning, and have light, depart. ( 1Sa 29:4-5 ) The Philistine leaders reject David. Now he finds that his “Philistine friends” won’t accept him either. 1 Samuel 29:1-7. Commentary on 1 Samuel 29:6-11 (Read 1 Samuel 29:6-11) David scarcely ever had a greater deliverance than when dismissed from such insnaring service. He should have heard God speaking in many ways, but he didn’t. We'll send you an email with steps on how to reset your password. If you do not want that we track your visit to our site you can disable tracking in your browser here: We also use different external services like Google Webfonts, Google Maps, and external Video providers. He might say, “Of course I will displease the lords of the Philistines. Please enter your email address associated with your Salem All-Pass account, then click Continue. c. What are these Hebrews doing here: Leaders among the Philistines looked at David and his men and said, “They aren’t one of us. 3. Then the princes of the Philistines said, “What, ?” And Achish said to the princes of the Philistines, “, this not David, the servant of Saul king of Israel, who has been with me these days, or these years? David has no home; he is trying to live in both worlds, so he has no home in either world. In verse 4, the word "reconcile" is ratsah, meaning "to be pleased with, to accept, to favor, to satisfy." I want todisplease the lords of the Philistines. Scripture In our study of the life of David, we have noted that the final few chapters of First Samuel are not in chronological order. And to this day I have found no fault in him since he defected, Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies. But God would. 1 1st Samuel Chapters 29-31 – John Karmelich 1. Our website uses cookies to store user preferences. For with what could he reconcile himself to his master, if not with the heads of these men? 29 The Philistines gathered all their forces at Aphek, and Israel camped by the spring in Jezreel. . But the princes of the Philistines were angry with him; so the princes of the Philistines said to him, “Make this fellow return, that he may go back to the place which you have appointed for him, and do not let him go down with us to battle, lest in the battle he become our adversary. The Philistines intented to deliver a death-blow to Israel and the two armies squared off in anticipation of battle. being rejected by the Philistine rulers. b. 2. It is as if an ungodly coworker insisted to others that you really weren’t a Christian after all because they saw how you lived. If you refuse cookies we will remove all set cookies in our domain. . 'What have you found against your servant from the day I came to you until now? They didn’t trust David and they feared he would turn against the Philistines in battle, to bring himself back into Saul’s favor. i. They are Hebrews. 1 Samuel 29:1-11—Read the Bible online or download free. © Copyright - Enduring Word       |      . We may request cookies to be set on your device. Saul’s fear at the attack from the Philistines. It has been thought that David kept up a private correspondence with this Philistine prince, either on account of his native generosity, or in the anticipation that an asylum in his territories would sooner or later be needed. a. But in His grace, God spares David the decision. 1 and 2 Samuel form one book in the ancient Hebrew manuscripts. ii. How much better it is to be all out for Jesus, and to trust that if the ungodly reject us, God will use it for good – for our good and for theirs. Instead, he made his return to the land of the Philistines. Click to enable/disable essential site cookies. Read and study 1 Samuel 29 with the Verse-by-Verse Bible Commentary Is this not David, of whom they sang to one another in dances, saying. But this will always prompt you to accept/refuse cookies when revisiting our site. The princes— The Lords of the other eminent cities, who were confederate with him in this expedition. Please see our Privacy Policy for cookie usage details. We don’t belong together!”. And to this day I have found no fault in him since he defected to me.”. Aphek--( Joshua 12:8 ), in the tribe of Issachar, and in the plain of Esdraelon. — Of my thus speaking? 1 Samuel 29:1-5 . He shall not go up with us to the battle… as soon as you are up early in the morning and have light, depart: David wanted to fight with the Philistines against Israel but God wouldn’t let him. David and his men passed on in the rereward with Achish--as the commander of the lifeguards of Achish, who was general of this invading army of the Philistines. And David his ten thousands’?”. Meyer made this observation based on the King James wording of these verses: “It is very terrible when the children of the world have a higher sense of Christian propriety and fitness than Christians themselves, and say to one another, ‘What do these Hebrews here?’”. But God would use the rejection of ungodly people in David’s life. He hath now been with me a full year and four months, chap. Most of us are familiar with the expression “You are what you eat”. These days or years — That is, did I say days? David had said as much in 1 Samuel 28:1-2 and Achish had every reason to believe that David would fight on his side. Now, 1. So David said to Achish, “But what have I done? The song of David’s victory came back to haunt him again. And to this day what have you found in your servant as long as I have been with you, that I may not go and fight against the enemies of my lord the king?” Then Achish answered and said to David, “I know that you, as good in my sight as an angel of God; nevertheless the princes of the Philistines have said, ‘He shall not go up with us to the battle.’ Now therefore, rise early in the morning with your master’s servants who have come with you. We don’t know who wrote the books; certainly, Samuel was a major contributor, but much of the book takes place after his death in 1 Samuel 25. Is this not David… who has been with me these days, or these years? It’s a terrible place to be. a) If you think about how big we are as babies versus adults, the “difference” is based on … Then the Philistines gathered together all their armies at Aphek, and the Israelites encamped by a … Proud member : David thought he couldn’t be happy or at peace in the land of Israel (1 Samuel 27:1). .” But all that is a distant memory in this time of backsliding and compromise for David. They are arranged thematically.
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